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A comprehensive two-dimensional scoring system to assess the single-leg squat task in football players.

Knee 2024 March 21
BACKGROUND: The single-leg squat (SLS) is a safe and widespread functional test commonly performed in the mid-stages of rehabilitation after severe knee injuries. The use of reliable objective measures has been advocated to improve the quality of SLS assessment. The aim of this study was to describe a qualitative whole-body scoring system based on two-dimensional (2D) video analysis during SLS test and validate it against three-dimensional (3D) kinetics and kinematics.

METHODS: Thirty-four competitive football (soccer) players performed a series of SLS tasks. 3D kinematics and kinetics were collected through infrared cameras, and 2D video analysis was performed through a scoring system with sub-scores ranging from 0/2 (non-adequate movement) to 2/2 (adequate movement) based on frontal and lateral planes objective measurements. 3D kinematics and kinetics were grouped according to the results of the 2D evaluation and compared through the analysis of variance (P < 0.05).

RESULTS: Higher hip adduction, hip internalrotation, and knee valgus collapse were found in trials rated 0/2 or 1/2 compared with theone rated 2/2 in the limb stability score. Hip flexion and hip/knee moment ratio were lower in those scoring 0/2 comparedwith those scoring 2/2 in the movement strategy criterion. A low total score was associated with higherknee valgus collapse and lower hip/knee extensor moment ratio. Compensatory strategieswere found in frontal plane scores.

CONCLUSIONS: The 2D scoring system described was strongly associated with kinematics and kinetics from gold-standard 3D motion capture and might represent a valid tool to describe the movement quality of an SLS task.

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