OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Interleukin-10-induced HIV-1 expression is mediated by induction of both membrane-bound tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and TNF receptor type 1 in a promonocytic cell line

W Barcellini, G P Rizzardi, J B Marriott, C Fain, R J Shattock, P L Meroni, G Poli, A G Dalgleish
AIDS 1996, 10 (8): 835-42
8828740

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the upregulatory effect of interleukin (IL)-10 on HIV expression in a model of latent HIV infection is mediated by induction of endogenous tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and TNF receptors (TNFR).

DESIGN: The latently HIV-infected promonocytic cell line U1 was examined, because in this in vitro model IL-10 has been shown to synergize with multiple cytokines, including TNF-alpha, in enhancing HIV production.

METHODS: Membrane-bound TNF-alpha, TNFR-1 and TNFR-2 surface expression were determined by flow cytometry. TNF-alpha mRNA was estimated by competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and TNF-alpha, soluble TNFR-1 and soluble TNFR-2 supernatant content by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HIV-1 expression was quantitated by reverse transcriptase assay and p24 antigen release.

RESULTS: We demonstrated that IL-10 induces a time and cell-concentration dependent upregulation of HIV expression in U1 cells. This effect is mediated through the endogenous production of TNF-alpha as demonstrated by blocking experiments with anti-TNF-alpha antibodies and by detection of IL-10-induced increase of TNF-alpha mRNA by competitive PCR. More importantly, IL-10 is able to upregulate membrane-bound TNF-alpha and TNFR-1, along with a consistent increase in the shedding of soluble TNFR-1 without inducing detectable TNF-alpha secretion.

CONCLUSIONS: IL-10 activates HIV expression through the membrane-bound TNF-alpha/TNFR-1 pathway, suggesting an amplification mechanism of HIV expression that might occur during cell-to-cell interaction. This positive regulatory effect of IL-10 in an in vitro model of chronic HIV infection is consistent with the inexorable progression of disease seen in advanced patients when both IL-10 and TNF-alpha are elevated.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
8828740
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"