JOURNAL ARTICLE

Upregulation of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and CNTF receptor alpha in rat kidney with ischemia-reperfusion injury

C W Yang, S W Lim, K W Han, H J Ahn, J H Park, Y H Kim, M Kirsh, J H Cha, J H Park, Y S Kim, J Kim, B K Bang
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN 2001, 12 (4): 749-57
11274236
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is presumed to play a role as a survival factor in neuronal cells, but little is known about its role in the kidney. To investigate this, the expression of CNTF and CNTF receptor alpha (CNTFR alpha) was analyzed in the ischemic rat kidney. An ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury was induced by clamping both renal arteries for 45 min. Animals were killed at 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14, and 28 d after ischemia. The expression of CNTF and CNTFR alpha was monitored by reverse transcription-PCR, in situ hybridization, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy. In sham-operated rat kidneys, CNTF expression was weak and limited to the descending thin limb of the loop of Henle. With I/R injury, CNTF mRNA and protein expressions were strikingly increased as compared with the sham-operated rat kidney, and the immunoreactivity of CNTF was mainly observed in the regenerating proximal tubules. The expression of CNTFR alpha mRNA was also increased after I/R injury, and its location and expression patterns were similar to the expression of CNTF. These findings suggest a possible role of CNTF as a growth factor during renal tubular repair processes after I/R injury and an autocrine or paracrine function of CNTF acting against CNTFR alpha.

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