Live offspring by in vitro fertilization of oocytes from cryopreserved primordial mouse follicles after sequential in vivo transplantation and in vitro maturation

J Liu, J Van der Elst, R Van den Broecke, M Dhont
Biology of Reproduction 2001, 64 (1): 171-8
The objectives of the present study were to achieve 1) oocyte maturation, 2) oocyte competence of fertilization, and 3) oocyte competence of embryogenesis with oocytes from primordial follicles obtained from cryopreserved newborn mouse ovaries by using a two-step method. In the first step, frozen-thawed newborn mouse ovaries were transplanted under the kidney capsule of recipients for the initiation of growth from the primordial follicle stage on. In the second step, growing preantral follicles in the ovarian grafts were recovered and cultured. The results demonstrated that primordial follicles were able to be recruited to preantral follicles during the period of transplantation, and preantral follicles could be mechanically isolated from ovarian grafts. Under the present in vitro culture conditions, 85.8% of the isolated follicles (n = 332) from ovarian grafts survived the 12-day in vitro culture process, 84.9% of the recovered oocytes (n = 285) were germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD)-competent, and 76% of the oocytes that underwent GVBD (n = 242) developed to the metaphase II (MII) stage. In the in vitro fertilization experiments, 75.4% of 142 inseminated MII oocytes underwent fertilization and cleavage to the 2-cell stage. Subsequently, 79.7% of the 2-cell-stage embryos (n = 69) progressed to the late morula-early blastocyst stage. Transfer of late morula-early blastocyst embryos resulted in the production of live offspring. From our experiments, it may be concluded that in vivo maturation by grafting followed by in vitro maturation of frozen-thawed primordial follicles can restore fertility in mice. This model could be useful for a similar application in the human.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"