JOURNAL ARTICLE

IgA and IgG autoantibodies against alpha-fodrin as markers for Sjögren's syndrome. Systemic lupus erythematosus

T Witte, T Matthias, F C Arnett, H H Peter, K Hartung, C Sachse, R Wigand, A Braner, J R Kalden, H J Lakomek, R E Schmidt
Journal of Rheumatology 2000, 27 (11): 2617-20
11093442

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of IgA and IgG autoantibodies against alpha-fodrin in patients with primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and controls.

METHODS: An ELISA detecting IgA and IgG antibodies against alpha-fodrin was developed. We examined the prevalence of IgA and IgG antibodies against alpha-fodrin in patients with primary and secondary SS, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and blood donors.

RESULTS: IgA antibodies against alpha-fodrin were detected in 64% of patients with primary SS (n = 85), 47% of patients with secondary SS and SLE (n = 15), and 86% of patients with secondary SS and RA (n = 7). IgA autoantibodies against alpha-fodrin were detected in only one of 160 sera obtained from blood donors and in one of 50 and 2 of 12 sera obtained from SLE and RA patients without sicca syndrome, respectively. The prevalence of IgG antibodies against alpha-fodrin in SS was lower: they were detected in 55% of sera obtained from patients with primary SS, 40% of patients with secondary SS and SLE, and in 43% of patients with secondary SS and RA. Three of 160 sera from blood donors and one of 50 and 5 of 12 sera from SLE and RA patients without sicca syndrome, respectively, contained IgG antibodies against alpha-fodrin.

CONCLUSION: IgA rather than IgG antibodies against alpha-fodrin are specific for and frequently observed in primary and secondary SS and are useful markers for this autoimmune disorder.

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