JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife—threats to biodiversity and human health

P Daszak, A A Cunningham, A D Hyatt
Science 2000 January 21, 287 (5452): 443-9
10642539
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) of free-living wild animals can be classified into three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with "spill-over" from domestic animals to wildlife populations living in proximity; (ii) EIDs related directly to human intervention, via host or parasite translocations; and (iii) EIDs with no overt human or domestic animal involvement. These phenomena have two major biological implications: first, many wildlife species are reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health; second, wildlife EIDs pose a substantial threat to the conservation of global biodiversity.

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