Autonomic functions and orthostatic responses 24 h after acute intense exercise in paraplegic subjects

K A Engelke, J D Shea, D F Doerr, V A Convertino
American Journal of Physiology 1994, 266 (4 Pt 2): R1189-96
We tested the hypothesis that a bout of graded exercise designed to elicit maximal effort would increase the sensitivity of autonomically mediated baroreflexes and enhance blood pressure (BP) stability in subjects prone to postural hypotension. Therefore, we measured heart rate (HR), BP, forearm vascular resistance (FVR), and vasoactive hormone responses before and during 15 min of 70 degrees head-up tilt (HUT) in 10 paraplegic subjects (21-65 yr) on two occasions: 1) 24 h after maximal arm-crank exercise (postexercise) and 2) without exercise (control). During HUT, HR increased 30 beats/min in both postexercise and control, but the reduction in systolic BP (SBP) during control (-12.0 +/- 4.6 mmHg) was larger (P = 0.017) than that during HUT after exercise (-0.3 +/- 4.3 mmHg). The postexercise increase in FVR from supine to HUT of 17.0 +/- 2.4 to 24.8 +/- 3.2 peripheral resistance units (PRU) was greater (P = 0.042) than the increase observed during control (18.3 +/- 3.7 to 19.5 +/- 3.1 PRU). The gain of the carotid-cardiac baroreflex was also increased (P = 0.049) after exercise. Responses in norepinephrine, vasopressin, and plasma renin-angiotensin induced by HUT were similar for control and postexercise, and there was no difference in either leg compliance or plasma volume between the two conditions. Additionally, HR and SBP responses to phases II and IV of the Valsalva maneuver, indexes of integrated baroreflex sensitivity, were increased (P < 0.05) after maximal exercise compared with control. Thus acute intense exercise eliminated orthostatic hypotension in paraplegics, was associated with increased FVR and baroreflex sensitivity, and was independent of blood volume changes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"