MitraClip therapy and surgical edge-to-edge repair in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and secondary mitral regurgitation: mid-term results of a single-centre experience†

Michele De Bonis, Maurizio Taramasso, Elisabetta Lapenna, Paolo Denti, Giovanni La Canna, Nicola Buzzatti, Federico Pappalardo, Giovanna Di Giannuario, Micaela Cioni, Andrea Giacomini, Ottavio Alfieri
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery 2016, 49 (1): 255-62

OBJECTIVES: To compare the surgical and percutaneous edge-to-edge (EE) repair in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and secondary mitral regurgitation (MR).

METHODS: We reviewed the prospectively collected data of the first 120 consecutive patients (age: 65 ± 9.8 years, EF: 28 ± 8.2%) treated with surgical (65 patients) or percutaneous (55 patients) EE repair for severe secondary MR in our institution. Age (P = 0.005) and logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (P < 0.0001) were significantly higher in the MitraClip group. LVEF (P = 0.37), end-diastolic (P = 0.83) and end-systolic (P = 0.68) volumes and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) (P = 0.58) were similar. The follow-up was 100% complete [median: 4 years; interquartile range (IQR): 2.2-7.2].

RESULTS: The length of hospital stay was 10 days (IQR: 8-13) for surgery and 5 days (IQR: 3.9-7.8) for MitraClip (P < 0.0001). Hospital mortality (3 vs 0%, P = 0.49) and freedom from cardiac death at 4 years (80.8 ± 4.9% vs 79.1 ± 5.9%, P = 0.9) were not significantly different in the surgical and MitraClip group, respectively. Residual MR ≥ 2+ at hospital discharge was 7.6% for surgery and 29% for MitraClip (P = 0.002). At 4 years, freedom from MR ≥ 2+ (74.9 ± 5.6% vs 51.4 ± 7.4%, P = 0.01) and freedom from MR ≥ 3+ (92.8 ± 3.4% vs 68.1 ± 7%, P = 0.002) were both significantly higher in the surgical group. Multivariate analysis identified the use of MitraClip as an independent predictor of recurrence of MR ≥ 2+ [Hazard ratio (HR): 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-3.9, P = 0.02] as well as of MR ≥ 3 (HR: 6.1, 95% CI: 1.5-24.3, P = 0.01). In the surgical group, no predictors of cardiac mortality were identified. In the MitraClip group, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (HR: 1.1, 95% CI: 1-1.2, P = 0.005) and SPAP (HR: 1, 95% CI: 1-1.1, P = 0.005) were independent predictors of cardiac death at the follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: MitraClip therapy is a safe therapeutic option in selected high-risk patients with secondary MR and relevant comorbidities. The surgical EE provides higher efficacy both postoperatively and at the mid-term follow-up.

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