Embolization for hemoptysis: a six -year review

Peter Yu-Tang Goh, Michael Lin, Ngee Teo, Daniel En Shen Wong
Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology 2002, 25 (1): 17-25

PURPOSE: To review our method of embolization for hemoptysis.

METHODS: Between 1993 and 1999, 134 patients were treated in our department for hemoptysis. One hundred and sixteen patients were followed up (18 were lost to follow-up) over a period ranging from 1 to 66 months (median 9.5 months, SD 14.81 months). Most cases were due to tuberculosis (83.6%) and malignancy (9.5%). One hundred and three required embolization. Vascular access was obtained via the femoral route but two cases required a brachial approach for abnormal branches of the subclavian artery. All abnormal vessels found were embolized using polyvinyl alcohol particles alone or in combination with gelfoam.

RESULTS: Bronchial artery hypertrophy was found in 88.3% of cases; about a third of which had a nonbronchial systemic contribution. No angiographic abnormalities were found in 11.2%. Our failure rate was 18.4% (58% required surgery while 42% died from massive hemoptysis). Sixteen cases required multiple embolization sessions. No major complications were encountered.

CONCLUSION: Embolization is effective for treatment of moderate to massive hemoptysis. The majority of our cases were due to tuberculosis. Approximately one third had nonbronchial systemic artery contributions, indicating that a concerted search for these is mandatory.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"