Adenoviral-directed expression of the type 1A angiotensin receptor promotes cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor

Walter G Thomas, Yves Brandenburger, Dominic J Autelitano, Thao Pham, Hongwei Qian, Ross D Hannan
Circulation Research 2002 February 8, 90 (2): 135-42
Angiotensin II (Ang II) may cause cardiac hypertrophy via type 1 Ang II receptors (AT(1)) on cardiomyocytes and through growth factors released from cardiac fibroblasts. Whereas cardiomyocyte-specific AT(1) receptor expression produces cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling in vivo, delineation of the signals that mediate growth to Ang II is challenging because the prevailing in vitro model (cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes) expresses low levels of AT(1) receptor and responds inconsistently to Ang II. In this study, when AT(1A) receptors were expressed using adenovirus in cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes, Ang II stimulated a robust hypertrophy that was not secondary to the release of cardiac fibroblast-derived factors, specifically endothelin-1. Hypertrophy was accompanied by the induction of the immediate-early response genes, c-fos and c-jun, and reexpression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Ang II-induced activation of an ANP promoter-reporter was inhibited by the dominant/negative mutants, GalphaqI and N17Ras, indicating that hypertrophic signaling by the AT(1A) receptor is via heterotrimeric G protein coupling and downstream Ras pathways. AT(1A)-mediated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation were inhibited by the MAPK kinase inhibitor, PD98059, and the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor kinase antagonist, AG1478, but not by PKC inhibitor, bisindolylmaleimide-1. Moreover, Ang II-induced MAPK activation was prevented by treatment with a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, consistent with the tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGF receptor in response to AT(1A) receptor activation. These data unequivocally demonstrate that Ang II can directly promote cardiac myocyte growth via AT(1A) receptors expressed on these cells and reveal for the first time the important contribution of EGF receptor-transactivated MAPK signaling to this process.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"