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Lei Zhang, Matthew J Yousefzadeh, Yousin Suh, Laura J Niedernhofer, Paul D Robbins
Ageing is defined by the loss of functional reserve over time, leading to a decreased tissue homeostasis and increased age-related pathology. The accumulation of damage including DNA damage contributes to driving cell signaling pathways that, in turn, can drive different cell fates, including senescence and apoptosis, as well as mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation. In addition, the accumulation of cell autonomous damage with time also drives ageing through non-cell autonomous pathways by modulation of signaling pathways...
2019: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
Prapassorn Potue, Chutamas Wunpathe, Putcharawipa Maneesai, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Parichat Prachaney, Poungrat Pakdeechote
Nobiletin, a citrus flavonoid, exhibits a wide range of biological activities. This study investigated the effect of nobiletin on vascular dysfunction and remodeling in l-NAME-induced hypertensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given l-NAME (40 mg kg-1) for five weeks to induce hypertension and treated with nobiletin (20 or 40 mg kg-1) or captopril (5 mg kg-1) for the last two weeks. Nobiletin or captopril significantly reduced blood pressure and the enhancement of the contractile response to sympathetic nerve stimulation in the mesenteric vascular beds of l-NAME rats (p < 0...
March 13, 2019: Food & Function
Long Zhang, Zhaoxia Guo, Yan Wang, Jun Geng, Shuyi Han
This study was designed to delineate the effect of kaempferol (KF) on heart failure (HF) in diabetic rats. Streptozotocin-induced male diabetic rats received KF orally at 10 and 20 mg/kg for 42 consecutive days. In last 2 days of the experimental period, isoproterenol was subcutaneously injected at 85 mg/kg to induce HF. The hearts were processed for hemodynamic, biochemical, molecular, and histological investigations. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure were elevated in KF-treated HF-induced diabetic rats...
March 12, 2019: Drug Development Research
Shirish Dinkar Mane, Akhilender Naidu Kamatham
In this study, Asc-s was evaluated for anti-cancer effect using cervical cancer cells (HeLa). Results determine that Asc-s treatment-induced dose-dependent inhibition of proliferation of HeLa cells and induced apoptosis. Flow-cytometry analysis shows Asc-s treatment-induced accumulation of cells at sub-G0/G1 stage of cell cycle and induced apoptosis as confirmed by DAPI, propodium iodide, and acridine staining in HeLa cells. Asc-s entered the cells and metabolized to ascorbate and stearate moieties, increased membrane permeability, and decreased membrane fluidity in HeLa cells...
March 2019: 3 Biotech
Marie-Hélène Perruchot, Florence Gondret, Fabrice Robert, Emilien Dupuis, Hélène Quesnel, Frédéric Dessauge
Background: High-yielding dairy cows are prone to oxidative stress due to the high metabolic needs of homeostasis and milk production. Oxidative stress and inflammation are tightly linked; therefore, anti-inflammatory and/or natural antioxidant compounds may help improve mammary cell health. Baicalin, one of the major flavonoids in Scutellaria baicalensis , has natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in various cell types, but its effects on bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) have not been investigated...
2019: PeerJ
Meenu Mehta, Deeksha, Neha Sharma, Manish Vyas, Navneet Khurana, Pawan Kumar Maurya, Harjeet Singh, Terezinha Pinto Andreoli de Jesus, Harish Dureja, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Gaurav Gupta, Ridhima Wadhwa, Trudi Collet, PhilipM Hansbro, Kamal Dua, Saurabh Satija
Macrophages are considered as the most flexible cells of the hematopoietic system that are distributed in the tissues to act against pathogens and foreign particles. Macrophages are essential in maintaining homeostatic tissue processes, repair and immunity. Also, play important role in cytokine secretion and signal transduction of the infection so as to develop acquired immunity. Accounting to their involvement in pathogenesis, macrophages present a therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory respiratory diseases...
March 5, 2019: Chemico-biological Interactions
Ning Xu, Huang Fang, Chongdong Jian, Lina Qin, Fang Lu, Yimei Wang, Zhao Zhang, Qian Zhang
Central nervous system (CNS) inflammation occurs in cognitive dysfunctions, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we investigated the role of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and salidroside in CNS inflammation-induced cognitive deficits model. In vivo, CNS inflammation was initiated by a single intracerebroventricular injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The levels of inflammatory cytokines and the capability of free radial scavenging were determined after the LPS challenge. In vivo, salidroside and nicotinamide, a SIRT1 inhibitor, were used in PC12 cell...
March 8, 2019: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Huijun He, Daheng Wei, Hua Liu, Chen Zhu, Yue Lu, Zongwen Ke, Shuang Jiang, Jianhua Huang
Glycyrrhizin is a bioactive triterpenoid saponin extracted from a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, glycyrrhiza, and has been reported to protect the organs such as liver and heart from injuries. However, there is no report about the effects of glycyrrhizin on atrophic age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This study investigated the effects of glycyrrhizin on retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in vitro and retina of mice in vivo treated with sodium iodate (SI). Glycyrrhizin significantly inhibited SI-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS), and decreased apoptosis of RPE in vitro...
March 1, 2019: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yanji Cui, Khulan Amarsanaa, Ji Hyung Lee, Jong-Kook Rhim, Jung Mi Kwon, Seong-Ho Kim, Joo Min Park, Sung-Cherl Jung, Su-Yong Eun
Glutamate toxicity-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and neuronal cell death are involved in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases as well as acute brain ischemia/stroke. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective mechanism of dieckol (DEK), one of the phlorotannins isolated from the marine brown alga Ecklonia cava , against glutamate toxicity. Primary cortical neurons (100 µM, 24 h) and HT22 neurons (5 mM, 12 h) were stimulated with glutamate to induce glutamate toxic condition. The results demonstrated that DEK treatment significantly increased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner (1-50 µM) and recovered morphological deterioration in glutamate-stimulated neurons...
March 2019: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Jung-In Choi, Jun Kim, Se-Young Choung
Purpose: As the aging population is increasing, the incidence of age-related cataract is expected to increase globally. The surgical intervention, a treatment for cataract, still has complications and is limited to developed countries. In this study, we investigated whether the polyphenol-enriched fraction of Vaccinium uliginosum L. (FH) prevents cataract formation in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat pups. Methods: Sixty rat pups were randomly divided into six groups: CTL, Se, FH40, FH80, FH120, and Cur80...
2019: Molecular Vision
Naveen Sharma, Eun-Joo Shin, Nam Hun Kim, Eun-Hee Cho, Bao Trong Nguyen, Ji Hoon Jeong, Choon Gon Jang, Seung-Yeol Nah, Hyoung-Chun Kim
Far-infrared ray (FIR) is an electromagnetic wave that produces various health benefits against pathophysiological conditions, such as diabetes mellitus, renocardiovascular disorders, stress, and depression etc. However, the therapeutic application on the FIR-mediated protective potentials remains to be further extended. To achieve the better understanding on FIR-mediated therapeutic potentials, we summarized additional findings in the present study that exposure to FIR ameliorates stressful condition, memory impairments, drug dependence, and mitochondrial dysfunction in the central nervous system...
February 27, 2019: Current Neuropharmacology
Chengmin Li, Yiru Wang, Lian Li, Zhaoyu Han, Shengyong Mao, Genlin Wang
Heat stress is one of the wide varieties of factors which cause oxidative stress in vivo; elevated temperature can lead to oxidative stress of dairy cows that affects milk production. The aim of this study was to determine the capacity of the betaine to act as an antioxidant against oxidative stress induced by heat exposure and apoptosis in mammary epithelial cells (mammary alveolar cells, MAC-T). The MAC-T were divided into four treatment groups: control (37 °C), heat stress (HS, 42 °C), betaine (37 °C), and HS + betaine...
February 25, 2019: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Lauren Tomlinson, Zhen Qi Lu, Robert A Bentley, Helen E Colley, Craig Murdoch, Steven D Webb, Michael J Cross, Ian M Copple, Parveen Sharma
Dose-dependent cardiotoxicity is the leading adverse reaction seen in cancer patients treated with doxorubicin. Currently, dexrazoxane is the only approved drug that can partially protect against this toxicity in patients, however, its administration is restricted to those patients receiving a high cumulative dose of anthracyclines. Investigations into the mechanisms of cardiotoxicity and efforts to improve cardioprotective strategies have been hindered by the limited availability of a phenotypically relevant in vitro adult human cardiac model system...
February 21, 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Cristobal Espinosa Ruiz, Simona Manuguerra, Alberto Cuesta, Maria Angeles Esteban, Andrea Santulli, Concetta M Messina
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a class of persistent contaminants which are found all over the world in the marine environment. Sparus aurata fibroblast cell line (SAF-1) was exposed to increasing concentrations of PBDEs 47 and 99, until 72 h to evaluate the cytotoxicity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the expression of some selected molecular markers related to cell cycle, cell signaling, energetic balance and oxidative stress (p53, erk-1, hif-1α and nrf-2), by real-time PCR. Furthermore, SAF-1 cells were exposed for 7 and 15 days to sub-lethal concentrations, in order to evaluate the response of some biomarkers by immunoblotting (p53, ERK-1, AMPK, HIF-1α and NRF-2)...
February 19, 2019: Aquatic Toxicology
Torsten Bohn
Carotenoids are typically tetraterpenoid phytochemicals that cannot be synthesized by humans, some of which such as β-carotene can be metabolized into vitamin A. Sufficient carotenoid intake and tissue levels have been associated with several health benefits including the reduction of cardiovascular diseases and some types of cancer and also the amelioration of age-related macular degeneration. Carotenoids and their metabolites have also been related to reduced inflammation and oxidative stress via interacting with transcription factors, such as NF-κB and Nrf-2, as well as with the nuclear receptors retinoic acid receptor/retinoid X receptor, implicated in immune functions and cellular differentiation...
February 20, 2019: Journal of AOAC International
M V Turovskaya, S G Gaidin, V N Mal'tseva, V P Zinchenko, E A Turovsky
Cerebral blood flow disturbances lead to the massive death of brain cells. The death of >80% of cells is observed in hippocampal cell cultures after 40 min of oxygen and glucose deprivation (ischemia-like conditions, OGD). However, there are some populations of GABAergic neurons which are characterized by increased vulnerability to oxygen-glucose deprivation conditions. Using fluorescent microscopy, immunocytochemical assay, vitality tests and PCR-analysis, we have shown that population of GABAergic neurons are characterized by a different (faster) Ca2+ dynamics in response to OGD and increased basal ROS production under OGD conditions...
February 15, 2019: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Mariana Oliveira Mendes, Alexandra Isabel Rosa, Andreia Neves Carvalho, Maria João Nunes, Pedro Dionísio, Elsa Rodrigues, Daniela Costa, Sara Duarte-Silva, Patrícia Maciel, Cecília Maria Pereira Rodrigues, Maria João Gama, Margarida Castro-Caldas
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder, mainly characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the Substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and by the presence of intracellular inclusions, known as Lewy bodies. Despite SNpc being considered the primary affected region in PD, the neuropathological features are confined solely to the nigro-striatal axis. With disease progression other brain regions are also affected, namely the cerebral cortex, although the spreading of the neurologic damage to this region is still not completely unraveled...
February 13, 2019: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Katarzyna Magierowska, Dominik Bakalarz, Dagmara Wójcik, Anna Chmura, Magdalena Hubalewska-Mazgaj, Sabina Licholai, Edyta Korbut, Slawomir Kwiecien, Zbigniew Sliwowski, Grzegorz Ginter, Tomasz Brzozowski, Marcin Magierowski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Besides hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) and nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO) contributes to the maintenance of gastric mucosal integrity. We investigated increased CO bioavailability effects on time-dependent dynamics of gastric ulcer healing mediated by particular growth factors, anti-inflammatory and molecular pathways. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Wistar rats with gastric ulcers induced by serosal acetic acid application (day 0) were treated i...
February 10, 2019: Biochemical Pharmacology
Imane Abbas, Ghidaa Badran, Anthony Verdin, Frédéric Ledoux, Mohamed Roumie, Jean-Marc Lo Guidice, Dominique Courcot, Guillaume Garçon
A particular attention has been devoted to the type of toxicological responses induced by particulate matter (PM), since their knowledge is greatly complicated by the fact that it is a heterogeneous and often poorly described pollutant. However, despite intensive research effort, there is still a lack of knowledge about the specific chemical fraction of PM, which could be mainly responsible of its adverse health effects. We sought also to better investigate the toxicological effects of organic extractable matter (OEM) in normal human bronchial epithelial lung BEAS-2B cells...
January 31, 2019: Environmental Research
Ranabir Sahu, Tarun K Dua, Sonjit Das, Vincenzo De Feo, Saikat Dewanjee
The present investigation has been undertaken to reveal the protective mechanism of polyphenolics extract of whole wheat grains (WWGPE), ferulic acid and apigenin against doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardio-toxicity. WWGPE, apigenin, and ferulic acid exhibited concentration dependent cyto-protective effect against Dox (1 μM) in rat cardiomyocytes. Dox treatment significantly (p < 0.01) induced oxidative stress in the myocardial cells via excessive ROS production, increase in iNOS expression, NADPH oxidase activation, Nrf-2/HO-1 impairment, and inactivation of cellular redox defense system...
February 5, 2019: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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