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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777437/reply-to-comments-on-the-quest-to-demystify-water-ideal-solution-behaviors-are-obtained-by-adhering-to-the-equilibrium-mass-action-law
#1
Andreas A Zavitsas
Not required for Comment.
February 19, 2019: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777433/comments-on-the-quest-to-demystify-water-ideal-solution-behaviors-are-obtained-by-adhering-to-the-equilibrium-mass-action-law
#2
Zhong-Hua Yang
In the comment, we fully demonstrated the so-called numbers of waters bound strongly to each mole of solute H_d and of particles formed per mole of the solute i_e by Zavitsas are only parameters without the special physical meaning.
February 19, 2019: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766561/knowledge-and-perceptions-on-childhood-asthma-among-care-takers-of-children-with-asthma-at-a-national-referral-hospital-in-western-kenya-a-descriptive-study
#3
Justus Simba, Irene Marete, Rebecca Waihenya, Yeri Kombe, Ann Mwangi, Patrick Mburugu, Francis Ogaro
Background: Identifying knowledge gaps in asthma self-management and identifying existing myths is an important step in determining appropriate health education and demystifying the myths so as to enhance asthma control. Objective: To identify existing knowledge gaps and perceptions among the caregivers of asthmatic children. Methods: A cross sectional study was done among caretakers of asthmatic children aged 6-11 years at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital...
December 2018: African Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747741/demystifying-autoimmune-small-bowel-enteropathy
#4
Luca Elli, Francesca Ferretti, Valentina Vaira
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed the current 'state of the art' on autoimmune enteropathy and small-bowel mucosal atrophy, with the aim of supporting clinicians in a frequently challenging diagnosis through different therapeutic options and prognosis. RECENT FINDINGS: The diagnosis of small-bowel diseases has radically changed over the last 10 years. The possibility to 'easily' obtain bioptic samples from the jejunum and ileum by means of the enteroscopic techniques (particularly, device-assisted enteroscopy) and the novel cross-sectional imaging studies have opened the window to new insights on intestinal disorders...
February 8, 2019: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746450/unusual-behavior-of-cuprates-explained-by-heterogeneous-charge-localization
#5
D Pelc, P Popčević, M Požek, M Greven, N Barišić
The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates ranks among the major scientific milestones of the past half century, yet pivotal questions regarding the complex phase diagram of these materials remain unanswered. Generally thought of as doped charge-transfer insulators, these complex oxides exhibit pseudogap, strange-metal, superconducting, and Fermi liquid behavior with increasing hole-dopant concentration. Motivated by recent experimental observations, here we introduce a phenomenological model wherein exactly one hole per planar copper-oxygen unit is delocalized with increasing doping and temperature...
January 2019: Science Advances
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733623/demystifying-cp-2-ti-h-cl-and-its-enigmatic-role-in-the-reactions-of-epoxides-with-cp-2-ticl
#6
Jonathan Gordon, Sven Hildebrandt, Kendra R Dewese, Sven Klare, Andreas Gansäuer, T V RajanBabu, William A Nugent
The role of Cp2 Ti(H)Cl in the reactions of Cp2 TiCl with trisubstituted epoxides has been investigated in a combined experimental and computational study. Although Cp2 Ti(H)Cl has generally been regarded as a robust species, its decomposition to Cp2 TiCl and molecular hydrogen was found to be exothermic (ΔG = -11 kcal/mol when the effects of THF solvation are considered). In laboratory studies, Cp2 Ti(H)Cl was generated using the reaction of 1,2-epoxy-1-methylcyclohexane with Cp2 TiCl as a model. Rapid evolution of hydrogen gas was demonstrated, indicating that Cp2 Ti(H)Cl is indeed a thermally unstable molecule, which undergoes intermolecular reductive elimination of hydrogen under the reaction conditions...
December 24, 2018: Organometallics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710056/fibroblasts-dangerous-travel-companions
#7
Hans Schreiber
In this issue of JEM , Gao et al. (https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20180765) demystify the exceptional metastatic success of ovarian cancer, the most lethal female malignancy: fibroblasts form heterotypic aggregates with disseminating cancer cells, thereby providing them with reciprocal signaling and matrix for adherence.
February 1, 2019: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707344/unmasking-neurobiological-commonalities-between-addictive-disorders-and-impulse-control-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Swathi Ramdave, Andrew Dawson, Adrian Carter, Nadeeka N W Dissanayaka
Changes in reward circuitry have been studied extensively in substance and behavioural addictions. However, comparatively little is known about the neurobiology underlying impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson's disease, which show roughly similar risk factors and behavioural presentations to both stimulant and behavioural addictions. ICDs occur in a subset of susceptible patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) following intake of dopamine replacement therapy (DRT). These behavioural disorders often have debilitating effects on a patient's quality of life and increase caregiver burden...
February 1, 2019: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693098/pre-service-knowledge-perception-and-use-of-emergency-contraception-among-future-healthcare-providers-in-northern-ghana
#9
Shamsudeen Mohammed, Abdul-Malik Abdulai, Osman Abu Iddrisu
Background: Emergency contraception, if used properly, can prevent up to over 95 % of unwanted and mistimed pregnancies. However, a number of obstacle including healthcare providers knowledge, perception, and attitude towards emergency contraception (EC) prevent women and adolescents from having access to EC. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among 191 female final year nursing and midwifery students of Tamale Nurses and Midwives Training College in the Northern Region of Ghana...
2019: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691625/demystifying-mosaic-outcomes
#10
EDITORIAL
Eric J Forman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Fertility and Sterility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688912/discussion-the-public-s-preferences-on-plastic-surgery-social-media-engagement-and-professionalism-demystifying-the-impact-of-demographics
#11
Heather J Furnas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688911/the-public-s-preferences-on-plastic-surgery-social-media-engagement-and-professionalism-demystifying-the-impact-of-demographics
#12
Kenneth L Fan, Francis Graziano, James M Economides, Cara K Black, David H Song
BACKGROUND: Social media discussions are alive among plastic surgeons. This article represents a primer on beginning to understand how the public would seek out plastic surgeons and how demographics shape their preferences. METHODS: An anonymous 31-question survey was crowdsourced by means of MTurk. RESULTS: There were a total of 527 respondents. Of these respondents, 33 percent follow plastic surgeons on social media, with those aged younger than 35 years 3...
February 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688022/learning-strategies-and-the-social-brain-missing-elements-in-the-link-between-developmental-stress-song-and-cognition
#13
Buddhamas Pralle Kriengwatana
Bird songs may advertise aspects of cognition because song learning and learning speed in cognitive tasks are both affected by early-life environments. However, such relationships remain ambiguous in the literature. Here, I discuss two lines of research that may help to demystify links between song learning and cognition. First, learning strategies should be considered when assessing performance to ensure that individual differences in learning ability are not masked by individual differences in learning strategies...
January 28, 2019: Integrative Zoology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666021/a-novel-perspective-for-predicting-gingival-biotype-via-dentopapillary-measurements-on-study-models-in-the-saudi-population-cross-sectional-study
#14
R R Nagate, S Tikare, S Chaturvedi, N A AlQahtani, M A Kader, S T Gokhale
Background/Purpose: Gingival biotype (GB) is a crucial factor in predicting the success of soft tissue periodontal and peri-implant surgical interventions. Consequently, contemplating noninvasive, less time-consuming procedure to anticipate it has become a part and parcel of the current practice. This article presents a novel algorithm to detect GB in the Saudi population based on the dentopapillary measurements taken on laboratory models. In addition, it targets to allocate a range of values for thick and thin biotypes...
January 2019: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661151/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-trends-barriers-and-promotion-methods-among-american-indian-alaska-native-and-non-hispanic-white-adolescents-in-michigan-2006-2015
#15
Beeta M Kashani, Melissa Tibbits, Rachel C Potter, Rosa Gofin, Li Westman, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the US, is a preventable cause of cancer. HPV vaccination has the potential to prevent 90% of HPV-related cancer cases but is underutilized, especially among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe trends and identify predictors of HPV vaccination initiation and completion in Michigan's AI and Non-Hispanic White children age 9 through 18 years and (2) to identify barriers to HPV vaccination and promotion methods at the tribal, state, and local levels in Michigan...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Community Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656782/demystifying-behaviour-and-dental-anxiety-in-schoolchildren-during-endodontic-treatment-for-primary-teeth-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Josiane Pezzini Soares, Mariane Cardoso, Michele Bolan
BACKGROUND: Behaviour and anxiety of children are predictors of effective dental treatment. AIM: Compare the behaviour and anxiety during preventive care, endodontic treatment and dental extraction. DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial was conducted with 99 children aged six to nine years. The children were distributed among three groups: G1 (control) - prophylaxis and topical fluoride; G2 (intervention) - endodontic treatment; and G3 (intervention) - tooth extraction...
January 18, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651705/demystifying-the-nature-of-hard-tissues-in-odontogenic-tumors-using-modified-gallego-s-stain-a-preliminary-study
#17
Syeda Neelam Afroze, Surekha Ramulu, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Sravya Taneeru, Rithika Bashamalla, Purnima Vadla
Introduction: Histological stains are dyes that bind to a variety of tissues. Modified Gallego's (MG) stain is a modification of Lille's stain that can be used as a differential stain for identification of hard tissues in oral pathological lesions. Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the presence of hard tissues such as enamel, dentin and cementum in normal extracted teeth and odontogenic tumors using MG stain and to compare the efficacy of MG stain with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain...
September 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30650371/demystifying-microglia-and-now-the-work-begins
#18
Leah C Dorman, Anna V Molofsky
Microglia actively shape the developing brain, but their transcriptional diversity is not well understood. Complementary studies by Hammond et al. (2018) and Li et al. (2019) characterize the microglial transcriptome at single cell resolution, highlighting their diversity during development, aging, and pathology.
January 15, 2019: Immunity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643113/transactivation-of-human-endogenous-retroviruses-by-tumor-viruses-and-their-functions-in-virus-associated-malignancies
#19
REVIEW
Jungang Chen, Maryam Foroozesh, Zhiqiang Qin
Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs), viral-associated sequences, are normal components of the human genome and account for 8-9% of our genome. These original provirus sequences can be transactivated to produce functional products. Several reactivated HERVs have been implicated in cancers and autoimmune diseases. An emerging body of literature supports a potential role of reactivated HERVs in viral diseases, in particular viral-associated neoplasms. Demystifying studies on the mechanism(s) of HERV reactivation could provide a new framework for the development of treatment and prevention strategies targeting virus-associated tumors...
January 14, 2019: Oncogenesis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609067/population-genomics-demystifies-the-defoliation-phenotype-in-the-plant-pathogen-verticillium-dahliae
#20
Dan-Dan Zhang, Jie Wang, Dan Wang, Zhi-Qiang Kong, Lei Zhou, Geng-Yun Zhang, Yue-Jing Gui, Jun-Jiao Li, Jin-Qun Huang, Bao-Li Wang, Chun Liu, Chun-Mei Yin, Rui-Xing Li, Ting-Gang Li, Jin-Long Wang, Dylan P G Short, Steven J Klosterman, Richard M Bostock, Krishna V Subbarao, Jie-Yin Chen, Xiao-Feng Dai
Verticillium dahliae is a broad host-range pathogen that causes vascular wilts in plants. Interactions between three hosts and specific V. dahliae genotypes result in severe defoliation. The underlying mechanisms of defoliation are unresolved. Genome resequencing, gene deletion and complementation, gene expression analysis, sequence divergence, defoliating phenotype identification, virulence analysis and quantification of V. dahliae secondary metabolites were performed. Population genomics previously revealed that G-LSR2 was horizontally transferred from the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f...
January 4, 2019: New Phytologist
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