Journals Journal of Biomedical Nanotech...

Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Jingxi Wang, Ping Li, Kun Li, Junwei Xu, Meili Liu, Yubo Fan
A number of bone repair materials are demanded due to bone injury in clinical treatment. Magnetic hydrogels combined with the magnetic field have showed great promoting potential in the field of bone regeneration. Considering the superiority of magnetic microspheres in magnetic localization and drug release, magnetic poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres, obtained by electrospraying, were combined with gelatin hydrogel to construct a magnetic poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microsphere-gelatin hydrogel for bone repair in our study...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Seonhyung Lee, Beom-Ku Han, Yang-Hoon Kim, Ji-Young Ahn
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae secretes the hemolytic cytotoxins ApxI, ApxII, ApxIII, and ApxIV, which cause pleurop- neumonia in swine. Of these, ApxI is the most toxic. ApxIA, a repeats-in-toxin toxin-like protein, has strong hemolytic and cytotoxic activities. This study aimed to develop an immune modulator ApxIA toxoid, with a Spytag/Spycatcher pair (SC::ST pair), in yeast ghost shells (YGSs). These YGSs were utilized as ApxIA toxoid delivery platforms for -glucan components that can be recognized by the innate immune system...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Yuanzhi Yao, Huan Xiao, Lirong Zhu, Yang Gao, Juan Xu, Yi Tang, Qiao Wang, Chunjiang Yang
As a non-invasive therapeutic, radiotherapy (RT) has been extensively used for solid tumor treatment. However, intratumoral hypoxia leads to severe RT resistance or failure. Moreover, damage from RT to normal tissues limits the application of high doses of radiation to eliminate cancer cells. Therefore, simultaneously improving the curative efficacy while minimizing the side effects of RT is in pressing need. Hence, the purpose of this study is to use oxygen-based microbubbles (O₂ @MBs) combined with ultrasound (US) targeting microbubble destruction (UTMD) technology to overcome hypoxia prior to RT, evaluate the effects of O₂ @MBs on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging enhancement, investigate the optimum delivery route of O₂ @MBs, and evaluate the therapeutic efficacy...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Abbas Moghanizadeh, Fakhrodin Ashrafizadeh, Jaleh Varshousaz, Mahshid Kharaziha
This study aims to evaluate the efficiency of a novel in vitro technique in clot capturing and dissolving them by applying magnetic force on magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) carrying thrombolytic agents. It is a quick and simple method to protect patients from a life-threatening pulmonary embolism in an emergency to provide time for the medical team. To analyze the in vitro efficiency of nano-magnetic capturing and dissolving of clots (NCDC), different levels of process parameter including strength magnetic field (0...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Yongyi Huang, Jiajia Lin, Ying Xiong, Juan Chen, Xiling Du, Qiang Liu, Te Liu
Human ovarian cancer stem cells (HuOCSCs) are the main source of ovarian cancer recurrence, metastasis, and drug resistance. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are well-known nucleic acid or drug carriers owing to their controllable properties, superior stability, and easy modification. However, whether SPIONs can inhibit the activity of HuOCSCs by inducing ferroptosis remains unclear. In the present study, we isolated CD44+ /CD133+ HuOCSCs from tumours of four patients with clear cell ovarian cancer and added 0...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
L Y Shao, R R Wang, Y S Sun, Z Yue, H Sun, X Wang, P Y Wang, G B Sun, J X Hu, H F Sun, S Y Xie, Y J Li
Human cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy. The continuous development of nanotechnology has allowed the wide use of nanomaterials in cancer treatment. Nanoparticles can be used as gene carriers because of their surface effect and small-size effect. MicroRNA-let-7c-5p (miR-let-7c-5p) belongs to the let-7 family. Although it has been reported to exert a tumor suppressive effect in a variety of cancers, the exact role and mechanism of miR-let-7c-5p in the progression of cervical cancer are unclear...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Yiping Li, Ying Zhu, Shiyao Luo, Yue He, Zhewei Huang, Juan Shen, Xiaoli Yuan, Zhuojian Lu, Han Han, Liang Ge, Lei Pan
In this study, we report a new ultrashort peptide (LOC), which forms a redox-sensitive hydrogel after cross-linking with the mild oxidant H₂ O₂ and used it for tumor-targeted delivery of doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX). LOC gelled within a few minutes in low-concentration H₂ O₂ solution. The concentration of H₂ O₂ significantly altered the gelation time and mechanical properties of the hydrogel. The in vitro micromorphology, secondary structure and rheology characterization of cross-linked hydrogels confirmed the sensitivity and injectability to reducing agent...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Guohao Li, Long Chen, Peikun Xin, Jun Huang, Jun Wu
Traditional methods of tumor therapy have many limitations. Thus, cancer nanomedicine is developing rapidly as a new treatment for tumors. In the past decade, the literature in this field has almost doubled every two years. However, the therapeutic nanoparticle (NP) platforms that have been approved for cancer treatment have not achieved the expected results in clinical application. Cancer nanomedicine still faces many obstacles and challenges. An abnormal cancer vascular system and a thick interstitial matrix can impose physiological barriers...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Fulong Man, Junfeng Wang, Rong Lu
Exosomes are a kind of extracellular vesicle, has a particle size of 50-150 nm. Exosomes derived from different cell types are thought to participate in the regulation of cellular communication. On account of the ability of exosomes to deliver various cargos to a corresponding target site, they are often used to deliver therapeutic cargos for treatment. This review summarizes the origins and composition of exosomes, and provides a detailed overview of the current methods for exosome isolation and drug loading as well as the application of exosomes to drug delivery systems (DDSs) to provide practical suggestions for exosome studies...
November 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Yuanzhe Li, Yissue Woo, Manoj Sekar, Srikanth Narasimalu, ZhiLi Dong
Marine structures often suffer from biofouling, which may lead to macrofouling by marine animals like marine worms and barnacles, weighing down the structures and increasing the drag. This paper analyses the effect of the newly fabricated biological anti-adhesion Titania-Polyurea spray coating, which can effectively reduce biofouling from enriching on the surface. Through the surface characterization, bioassays and micro-channel drag-reduction test, the antibacterial effect caused by the nano-titanium dioxide is systematically studied...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Tingting Yang, Ting Luo, Hongjun Guo, Yuzhu Hu, Yunzhu Lin, Bilan Wang
Gene therapy has been widely studied in colon cancer treatment. However, effective delivery of genes is a limitation for clinical applications. In the research, DOATP/mPEG-PLA-mPEG (DPLP) nanoparticles carrying the vesicular stomatitis virus matrix protein plasmid (pVSVMP) was used for colon cancer therapy, resulting in high transfection efficiency and expression efficiency in CT26 cells. Moreover, the DPLP-pVSVMP complex was provide with apoptosis induction and proliferation suppression of CT26 cells in vitro and can efficiently inhibit tumor growth in murine colon cancer model by inducing apoptosis, suppressing proliferation and angiogenesis...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Dongping Yao, Dongtao Liu, Ruijie Luo, Siyan He, Lang Bai, Yang Yang, Jialin Ma, Xi He, Mingxing Hu, Haozhong Luo, Bin Chen, Feng Liu, Tinghong Ye, Xiangrong Song, Zhongwei Zhang, Yongmei Xie
Tenofovir (TFV), an acyclic nucleoside analog, exhibits potent anti-HBV activity. However, poor bioavailability, nephrotoxicity and bone toxicity limit its further clinical application. In this work, a novel tenofovir-loaded glycyrrhetinic acidmodified cationic liposome (TGCL) was prepared for targeted therapy of HBV. The TGCL had an average particle size of 107.39 ± 1.21 nm and an entrapment efficiency of 89.83 ± 2.70% with a positive zeta potential of 37.63 ± 1.22 mV. The results of in vitro indicated that the inhibitory effects on HBsAg, HBeAg and HBV cccDNA of TGCL in HepG2...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Alaa F Nahhas, Alrayan F Nahhas, Thomas J Webster
The fast-growing use of supramolecular hydrogelators as biomaterials for a variety of applications, ranging from wound healing to drug delivery to tissue engineering, has highlighted the importance of synthetic design over recent years. Here, we report a new class of nanosheet stereocomplexes in aqueous solution and at physiological conditions (i. e., pH7.4), which are formed by physically mixing right- and left-handed tripeptide supramolecular hydrogelators without any external stimulus. Such tripeptides were obtained by incorporating either α-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib, U) or alanine (Ala, A) at the C-terminus or middle position of known peptide hydrogelators containing naphthalene and two phenylalanine residues...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Li Sun, Chang Jiang, Wenhai Li, Zelai He, Gengming Wang, Cui Cheng, Fuliang Chen, Xiaolong Fu, Hao Jiang, Qian Sun
The combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is a common and useful treatment mode for tumours. But traditional methods inevitably lead to a variety of side effects. A drug delivery system (DDS), which has good biocompatibility and strong anti-tumour ability, is expected to solve this problem. Studies have shown that Ce-based nanoparticles (NPs) have good radiosensitization effect through the photoelectric effect. Hence, cisplatin-loaded LiLuF₄ :Ce3+ scintillation NPs (NP + Cis) were first constructed in this study, which was synthesized by the crystal precipitation method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Fan Yang, Zhihua Guo, Liuqi Shi, Zhanrong Li, Junjie Zhang, Chang Chai, Jingguo Li
Retinoblastoma (RB) makes up about 3% of all childhood malignancies. Chemotherapy is commonly applied for RB treatment, while the clinical effectiveness varies significantly due to the cancer therapeutic resistances. Hypoxic tumor microenvironment, a hallmark of all tumors, is strongly associated with malignant progress and therapeutic resistances. The hypoxia mainly promotes the angiogenesis by upregulating pro-angiogenetic pathways. In this work, polymeric micelles are used as the carrier to deliver celastrol and siRNA to RB cells for achieving synergistic anti-tumor and antiangiogenesis effects...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Xiangyu Ding, Yuan Wang, Chunmei Wen, Silu Wang, Qingqing Ruan, Zhaofeng Li, Jinzhong Xu, Zheng Xu, Jie Deng
Rhein is a potential anti-inflammatory agent, but its poor water solubility significantly restricts its clinical application. In this study, rhein micelles (RMs) with improved water solubility were fabricated on Pluronic F127 (F-127). Transmission electron microscopy showed that the as-prepared RMs displayed a mean diameter of approximately 20 nm and a spherical morphology. The encapsulation efficiency of the micelles towards drugs varied from 81.38 ± 4.35% to 24.87 ± 4.32%. The RMs exhibited a burst release during the first 6 h and a following sustained release up to 96 h with a biphasic drug release pattern as suggested by the drug release assay...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Hadeel Kheraldine, Ishita Gupta, Hashim Alhussain, Ayesha Jabeen, Saghir Akhtar, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa, Ousama Rachid
To investigate the impact of poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (PAMAMs) in the embryo, we explored the outcome of different generations (G₄ and G6 ) on the early stages of embryogenesis using the chicken embryo as a model. We also monitored their effect on angiogenesis in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Our data revealed that cationic PAMAMs provoke substantial embryotoxicity, as they significantly induce death (up to 50%, p < 0 05) and inhibit angiogenesis of the CAM (up to 30%, p < 0 05) in a generation-dependent manner in comparison to controls and other types of PAMAMs (anionic and neutral)...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Bingxin Xue, Ying Qu, Kun Shi, Kai Zhou, Xinlong He, Bingyang Chu, Zhiyong Qian
Systemic administration of anticancer therapeutic agents remains a crucial strategy for clinical cancer therapy. However, poor drug accumulation at tumor sites and severe side effects to normal tissues induced by off-target effects lower their therapeutic efficiency and limit their deep application in clinical settings. How to overcome these issues has continuously raised concerns. Reportedly, injectable thermosensitive hydrogels are good carriers for local drug delivery systems, demonstrating a flowable and injectable sol state at room temperature, easily loading therapeutic agents with large loading contents...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Katarzyna Arkusz, Ewa Paradowska, Marta Nycz, Justyna Mazurek-Popczyk, Katarzyna Baldy-Chudzik
Current research on the antibacterial properties of implant surfaces has focused on using titanium nanotubes (TNTs) with diameters of 100 and 200 nm, which simultaneously show the best antibacterial properties, poor osseointegration, and ability to immobilize proteins. Therefore, the research aimed to develop an implantable material based on titanium dioxide nanotubes with a diameter of 50 nm doped with silver (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), indicating good absorption and antibacterial properties. Moreover, metallic nanoparticles deposited by varying methods should maintain sphericity and lack of agglomeration...
September 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Huixin Ye, Xianfu Wei, Chengxing Meng, Yuanyu Wei, Guangzhao Liang, Zhengquan Huang, Ling Guo, Wenwen Su
Periplogenin is a compound extracted from cortex periplocae. In the monomers' screening for inhibiting nasopharyngeal carcinoma, we found that periplogenin can inhibit nasopharyngeal carcinoma; however, its mechanism is still unclear. In this study, the chemical structure of periplogenin was uploaded to the PubChem database in order to obtain the target of periplogenin. The NPC's differential genes were obtained by analyzing the nasopharyngeal carcinoma data in the GEO database by R software. The common target of periplogenin and nasopharyngeal carcinoma was obtained through Cytoscape...
September 1, 2020: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
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