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Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877807/changes-in-mortality-involving-extended-release-and-long-acting-opioids-after-implementation-of-a-risk-evaluation-and-mitigation-strategy
#1
Joshua C Black, Gabrielle E Bau, Travis Rosen, M Soledad Cepeda, Gregory P Wedin, Jody L Green, Richard C Dart
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in mortality rates in extended-release and long-acting (ER/LA) opioid analgesics after the implementation of the Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS). SETTING: All drug poisoning deaths in three states: Florida, Oregon, and Washington. Data were obtained through state vital records offices and the Researched Abuse, Diversion and Addiction-Related Surveillance System Medical Examiner Program. METHODS: Using cause-of-death literal text from death certificates, individual opioid active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) involved in each death were identified using rules-based natural language processing...
March 16, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877801/the-utility-and-construct-validity-of-four-measures-of-pain-intensity-results-from-a-university-based-study-in-spain
#2
Mark P Jensen, Elena Castarlenas, Rubén Roy, Catarina Tomé Pires, Mélanie Racine, Anupa Pathak, Jordi Miró
OBJECTIVE: Pain intensity is the most commonly assessed domain in pain research and clinical settings. To facilitate cross-cultural research, knowledge regarding the psychometric properties of pain intensity measures in individuals from different countries is needed. However, the majority of this research has been conducted in English-speaking countries. DESIGN: Survey study. SETTING: University. SUBJECTS: Four hundred nineteen college students...
March 16, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865779/reducing-high-dose-opioid-prescribing-state-level-morphine-equivalent-daily-dose-policies-2007-2017
#3
Sara E Heins, Katherine P Frey, G Caleb Alexander, Renan C Castillo
OBJECTIVE: To describe current state-level policies in the United States, January 1, 2007-June 1, 2017, limiting high morphine equivalent daily dose (MEDD) prescribing. METHODS: State-level MEDD threshold policies were reviewed using LexisNexis and Westlaw Next for legislative acts and using Google for nonlegislative state-level policies. The websites of each state's Medicaid agency, health department, prescription drug monitoring program, workers' compensation board, medical board, and pharmacy board were reviewed to identify additional policies...
March 13, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865778/pain-pathways-and-nervous-system-plasticity-learning-and-memory-in-pain
#4
Bill McCarberg, John Peppin
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the structural and functional changes in pain chronification and explores the association between memory and the development of chronic pain. METHODS: PubMed was searched using the terms "chronic pain," "central sensitization," "learning," "memory," "long-term potentiation," "long-term depression," and "pain memory." Relevant findings were synthesized into a narrative of the processes affecting pain chronification...
March 13, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865775/the-effect-of-low-carbohydrate-and-low-fat-diets-on-pain-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Larissa J Strath, Catherine D Jones, Alan Philip George, Shannon L Lukens, Shannon A Morrison, Taraneh Soleymani, Julie L Locher, Barbara A Gower, Robert E Sorge
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis is the most prominent form of arthritis, affecting approximately 15% of the population in the United States. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) has become one of the leading causes of disability in older adults. Besides knee replacement, there are no curative treatments for KOA, so persistent pain is commonly treated with opioids, acetaminophen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. However, these drugs have many unpleasant side effects, so there is a need for alternative forms of pain management...
March 13, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865772/real-time-ultrasound-guided-lumbar-epidural-with-transverse-interlaminar-view-evaluation-of-an-in-plane-technique
#6
Hesham Elsharkawy, Wael Saasouh, Rovnat Babazade, Loran Mounir Soliman, Jean-Louis Horn, Sherif Zaky
OBJECTIVE: The anatomical landmarks method is currently the most widely used technique for epidural needle insertion and is faced with multiple difficulties in certain patient populations. Real-time ultrasound guidance has been recently used to aid in epidural needle insertion, with promising results. Our aim was to test the feasibility, success rate, and satisfaction associated with a novel real-time ultrasound-guided lumbar epidural needle insertion in the transverse interlaminar view...
March 13, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865767/corrigendum-to-prolotherapy-vs-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-the-short-term-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30861530/antidepressant-use-among-people-prescribed-opioids-for-chronic-noncancer-pain
#8
Natasa Gisev, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Thomas Santo, Andrea Mant, Raimondo Bruno, Milton Cohen, Wayne D Hall, Briony Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: Although depression and chronic pain often coexist, few studies have examined antidepressant use among people with pain. This study examines the prevalence and characteristics associated with antidepressant use among people prescribed opioids for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). DESIGN: Baseline data from a prospective cohort study. SETTING: Australian community. SUBJECTS: A total of 1166 people prescribed opioids for CNCP...
March 12, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856659/evaluation-of-the-preliminary-validity-of-misuse-of-prescription-pain-medication-items-from-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-%C3%A2
#9
Dokyoung Sophia You, Jennifer M Hah, Sophie Collins, Maisa S Ziadni, Ben W Domingue, Karon F Cook, Sean C Mackey
OBJECTIVE: The National Institutes of Health's Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)® includes an item bank for measuring misuse of prescription pain medication (PROMIS-Rx Misuse). The bank was developed and its validity evaluated in samples of community-dwelling adults and patients in addiction treatment programs. The goal of the current study was to investigate the validity of the item bank among patients with mixed-etiology chronic pain conditions. METHOD: A consecutive sample of 288 patients who presented for initial medical evaluations at a tertiary pain clinic completed questionnaires using the open-source Collaborative Health Outcomes Information Registry...
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856270/an-open-label-52-week-phase-iii-trial-of-duloxetine-in-japanese-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Shin-Ichi Konno, Levent Alev, Natsuko Oda, Toshimitsu Ochiai, Hiroyuki Enomoto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of duloxetine treatment for 52 weeks. DESIGN: Multicenter, open-label, phase III clinical study. SETTING: Forty-one medical institutions in Japan. SUBJECTS: Japanese patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Duloxetine 60 mg once-daily was administered for 52 weeks. Safety was evaluated based on adverse events (AEs), vital signs, laboratory test values, electrocardiogram, Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale, and occurrence of falls...
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856269/outcomes-of-ambulatory-upper-extremity-surgery-patients-discharged-home-with-perineural-catheters-from-a-veterans-health-administration-medical-center
#11
Roderick King, Edward R Mariano, Meghana Yajnik, Alex Kou, T Edward Kim, Oluwatobi O Hunter, Steven K Howard, Seshadri C Mudumbai
OBJECTIVE: The feasibility and safety of managing ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks (CPNB) in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients are currently unknown. We aimed to characterize the outcomes of a large VHA cohort of ambulatory upper extremity surgery patients discharged with CPNB and identify differences, if any, between catheter types. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, we reviewed data for consecutive patients from a single VHA hospital who had received ambulatory CPNB for upper extremity surgery from March 2011 to May 2017...
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856267/high-frequency-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-primarily-axial-back-pain-due-to-degenerative-scoliosis-with-spinopelvic-imbalance-case-report
#12
Quinn Tate, L McLean House, Zachary L McCormick, Mark A Mahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856265/hypnic-headache-with-dopaminergic-neuron-dysfunction-new-insight-from-a-rare-case
#13
Yi Zhang, Chengze Wang, Yuan Chen, Ruifang Wang, Yajun Lian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856263/strategies-to-minimize-risk-in-lumbar-transforaminal-injections-imaging-and-injectate
#14
Adrian Popescu, Zachary L McCormick, Clark C Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856262/level-of-low-back-pain-related-disability-is-associated-with-risk-of-subsequent-falls-in-an-older-population-locomotive-syndrome-and-health-outcomes-in-aizu-cohort-study-lohas
#15
Kimihiko Kimachi, Miho Kimachi, Misa Takegami, Rei Ono, Shin Yamazaki, Yoshihito Goto, Yoshihiro Onishi, Miho Sekiguchi, Koji Otani, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shunichi Fukuhara, Yosuke Yamamoto
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal association between baseline disability due to low back pain (LBP) and future risk of falls, particularly significant falls requiring treatment, in a community-dwelling older population. METHODS: This was a prospective population-based cohort study using data from the Locomotive Syndrome and Health Outcomes in Aizu Cohort Study (LOHAS; 2008-2010). A total of 2,738 residents aged ≥60 years were enrolled. LBP was assessed using the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and the level of LBP-related disability was divided into three categories (none, low, and medium to high)...
March 11, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848823/ingrowth-of-nociceptive-receptors-into-diseased-cervical-intervertebral-disc-is-associated-with-discogenic-neck-pain
#16
Bing Wu, Liang Yang, Baogan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution of nociceptive nerve fibers in the cervical intervertebral discs of patients with chronic neck pain and determine whether these nociceptive nerve fibers are related to discogenic neck pain. METHODS: We collected 43 samples of cervical intervertebral discs from 34 patients with severe chronic neck pain (visual analog scale [VAS] ≥ 70 mm), 42 samples from 36 patients who suffered cervical spondylotic radiculopathy or myelopathy without neck pain or with mild neck pain (VAS ≤ 30 mm) and 32 samples from eight donators to investigate their innervation immunohistochemically using an antibody against neuropeptide substance P...
March 8, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848821/can-blockchain-technologies-help-tackle-the-opioid-epidemic-a-narrative-review
#17
Meda Raghavendra
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the basic concepts of blockchain technologies in tackling the opioid epidemic. DESIGN: A narrative review. SETTING/BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic is taking a big toll in terms of lives and livelihood in America. Various public and private sector agencies are actively implementing different strategies to contain the epidemic. Development of robust real-time databases that are secure and easily accessible to the stakeholders in the opioid/paincare ecosystem is essential...
March 8, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848820/the-outcome-of-pulsed-radiofrequency-treatment-according-to-electodiagnosis-in-patients-with-intractable-lumbosacral-radicular-pain
#18
Chan Hong Park, Sang Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Radicular pain is related to lesions that either directly compromise the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) or indirectly compromise the spinal nerve and its roots by causing ischemia or inflammation of the axons. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the outcomes of pulsed readiofrequency treatment (PRF) according to electrodiagnosis results in patients with chronic intractable lumbosacral radicular pain. METHODS: A total of 82 failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) patients were included in this study...
March 8, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848817/direct-health-care-cost-and-work-incapacity-related-to-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-switzerland-a-retrospective-analysis-from-2008-to-2015
#19
Stefan Markus Scholz-Odermatt, François Luthi, Maria Monika Wertli, Florian Brunner
OBJECTIVE: First, to determine the number of accident-related complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) cases from 2008 to 2015 and to identify factors associated with an increased risk for developing CRPS. Second, to analyze the duration of work incapacity and direct health care costs over follow-up periods of two and five years, respectively. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Database from the Statistical Service for the Swiss National Accident Insurances covering all accidents insured under the compulsory Swiss Accident Insurance Law...
March 8, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30849177/meta-analysis-comparing-platelet-rich-plasma-vs-hyaluronic-acid-injection-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Yanhong Han, Hetao Huang, Jianke Pan, Jiongtong Lin, Lingfeng Zeng, Guihong Liang, Weiyi Yang, Jun Liu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of PRP and HA in KOA patients were retrieved from each database from the establishment date to April 2018. Outcome measurements were the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), visual analog scale (VAS), International Knee Documentation Committee, and Lequesne Index scores and adverse events...
March 7, 2019: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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