Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Brain compensatory mechanisms in depression and memory complaints in fibromyalgia: The role of theta oscillatory activity.

Pain Medicine 2024 April 24
BACKGROUND: The different clinical presentations of fibromyalgia (FMS) may play independent roles in the unclear etiology of cognitive impairments and depressive symptoms seen in this population. Understanding how these clinical presentations are associated with FMS's clinical and neurophysiological aspects is important when developing effective treatments.

AIM: To explore the relationship between memory complaints and depressive symptoms, and the different clinical and neurophysiological characteristics of FMS.

METHODS: Cross-sectional data analysis from a randomized clinical trial. Baseline demographics, physical fitness, sleep, anxiety, depression, cortical excitability, and pain (clinical and mechanistic) data from 63 FMS subjects were used. Multiple linear and logistic association models were constructed.

RESULTS: Final regression models including different sets of predictions were statistically significant (p < 0.001), explaining approximately 50% of the variability in cognitive complaints and depression status. Older subjects had higher levels of anxiety, poor sleep quality, lower motor threshold, and higher relative theta power in the central area, are more likely to have clinical depression. Higher anxiety, pain and theta power were associated with an increase memory complaint.

CONCLUSION: Depression symptoms seem to be associated with TMS-indexed motor threshold and psychosocial variables, while memory complaints are associated with pain intensity and higher theta oscillations. These mechanisms may be catalyzed and/or triggered by some behavioral and clinical features such as older age, sleep disruption, and anxiety. The correlation with clinical variables suggests the increasing of theta oscillations is a compensatory response in patients with FMS, which can be explored in future studies to improve the treatment for FMS.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app