collection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/24352797/2014-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-report-from-the-panel-members-appointed-to-the-eighth-joint-national-committee-jnc-8
#21
Paul A James, Suzanne Oparil, Barry L Carter, William C Cushman, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Joel Handler, Daniel T Lackland, Michael L LeFevre, Thomas D MacKenzie, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Sidney C Smith, Laura P Svetkey, Sandra J Taler, Raymond R Townsend, Jackson T Wright, Andrew S Narva, Eduardo Ortiz
Hypertension is the most common condition seen in primary care and leads to myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, and death if not detected early and treated appropriately. Patients want to be assured that blood pressure (BP) treatment will reduce their disease burden, while clinicians want guidance on hypertension management using the best scientific evidence. This report takes a rigorous, evidence-based approach to recommend treatment thresholds, goals, and medications in the management of hypertension in adults...
February 5, 2014: JAMA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/20054046/chlorhexidine-alcohol-versus-povidone-iodine-for-surgical-site-antisepsis
#22
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rabih O Darouiche, Matthew J Wall, Kamal M F Itani, Mary F Otterson, Alexandra L Webb, Matthew M Carrick, Harold J Miller, Samir S Awad, Cynthia T Crosby, Michael C Mosier, Atef Alsharif, David H Berger
BACKGROUND: Since the patient's skin is a major source of pathogens that cause surgical-site infection, optimization of preoperative skin antisepsis may decrease postoperative infections. We hypothesized that preoperative skin cleansing with chlorhexidine-alcohol is more protective against infection than is povidone-iodine. METHODS: We randomly assigned adults undergoing clean-contaminated surgery in six hospitals to preoperative skin preparation with either chlorhexidine-alcohol scrub or povidone-iodine scrub and paint...
January 7, 2010: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/20579534/bicuspid-aortic-valve-disease
#23
REVIEW
Samuel C Siu, Candice K Silversides
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is the most common congenital cardiac defect. While the BAV can be found in isolation, it is often associated with other congenital cardiac lesions. The most frequent associated finding is dilation of the proximal ascending aorta secondary to abnormalities of the aortic media. Changes in the aortic media are present independent of whether the valve is functionally normal, stenotic, or incompetent. Although symptoms often manifest in adulthood, there is a wide spectrum of presentations ranging from severe disease detected in utero to asymptomatic disease in old age...
June 22, 2010: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23261064/american-gastroenterological-association-medical-position-statement-on-constipation
#24
Adil E Bharucha, Spencer D Dorn, Anthony Lembo, Amanda Pressman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23267213/2013-question-of-the-year-what-is-a-doctor-what-is-a-nurse
#25
EDITORIAL
David P Sklar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Academic Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23949390/what-s-new-in-shock-september-2013
#26
EDITORIAL
Edward Sherwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: Shock
https://read.qxmd.com/read/19318384/intensive-versus-conventional-glucose-control-in-critically-ill-patients
#27
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Simon Finfer, Dean R Chittock, Steve Yu-Shuo Su, Deborah Blair, Denise Foster, Vinay Dhingra, Rinaldo Bellomo, Deborah Cook, Peter Dodek, William R Henderson, Paul C Hébert, Stephane Heritier, Daren K Heyland, Colin McArthur, Ellen McDonald, Imogen Mitchell, John A Myburgh, Robyn Norton, Julie Potter, Bruce G Robinson, Juan J Ronco
BACKGROUND: The optimal target range for blood glucose in critically ill patients remains unclear. METHODS: Within 24 hours after admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), adults who were expected to require treatment in the ICU on 3 or more consecutive days were randomly assigned to undergo either intensive glucose control, with a target blood glucose range of 81 to 108 mg per deciliter (4.5 to 6.0 mmol per liter), or conventional glucose control, with a target of 180 mg or less per deciliter (10...
March 26, 2009: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/25244185/the-ebola-emergency-immediate-action-ongoing-strategy
#28
EDITORIAL
Jeremy J Farrar, Peter Piot
The 25th known outbreak of Ebola virus infection is unlike any of the previous epidemics. It has already killed over 2800 people — more than all previous epidemics combined; it's affecting virtually the entire territory of three countries, involving rural areas, major urban centers, and capital..
October 16, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23343060/speaking-up-when-doctors-navigate-medical-hierarchy
#29
Ranjana Srivastava
He's the first patient of the day: admitted overnight, he's scheduled for surgery this morning. "Do you want to catch him before or after?" the resident asks. "Is there anything we need to do for him right away?" I say. When she says that the night resident mentioned some pain issues, I decide to..
January 24, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21569004/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-multiple-myeloma-2011
#30
REVIEW
Jennifer M Bird, Roger G Owen, Shirley D'Sa, John A Snowden, Guy Pratt, John Ashcroft, Kwee Yong, Gordon Cook, Sylvia Feyler, Faith Davies, Gareth Morgan, Jamie Cavenagh, Eric Low, Judith Behrens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2011: British Journal of Haematology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/18565859/rhythm-control-versus-rate-control-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure
#31
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Denis Roy, Mario Talajic, Stanley Nattel, D George Wyse, Paul Dorian, Kerry L Lee, Martial G Bourassa, J Malcolm O Arnold, Alfred E Buxton, A John Camm, Stuart J Connolly, Marc Dubuc, Anique Ducharme, Peter G Guerra, Stefan H Hohnloser, Jean Lambert, Jean-Yves Le Heuzey, Gilles O'Hara, Ole Dyg Pedersen, Jean-Lucien Rouleau, Bramah N Singh, Lynne Warner Stevenson, William G Stevenson, Bernard Thibault, Albert L Waldo
BACKGROUND: It is common practice to restore and maintain sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure. This approach is based in part on data indicating that atrial fibrillation is a predictor of death in patients with heart failure and suggesting that the suppression of atrial fibrillation may favorably affect the outcome. However, the benefits and risks of this approach have not been adequately studied. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial comparing the maintenance of sinus rhythm (rhythm control) with control of the ventricular rate (rate control) in patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction of 35% or less, symptoms of congestive heart failure, and a history of atrial fibrillation...
June 19, 2008: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23204909/managing-functional-constipation-in-children
#32
Anne Rowan-Legg
Constipation is a common childhood problem, with both somatic and psychological effects. The etiology of paediatric constipation is likely multifactorial, and seldom due to organic pathology. Children benefit from prompt and thorough management of this disorder. The goal of treatment is to produce soft, painless stools and to prevent reaccumulation of feces. Education, behavioural modification, daily maintenance stool softeners and dietary modification are all important components of therapy. Fecal disimpaction may be necessary at the outset of treatment...
December 2011: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23455173/biomarkers-in-nephrology-core-curriculum-2013
#33
REVIEW
Gearoid M McMahon, Sushrut S Waikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: American Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21748738/geriatric-assessment-tools
#34
REVIEW
Sonja L Rosen, David B Reuben
In addition to medical diseases, psychological, social, cognitive, and functional issues influence the health of older persons. Therefore, the traditional medical assessment alone is often not enough to evaluate the older population with multiple comorbidities. Out of this recognized need, the geriatric assessment has been developed, which emphasizes a broader approach to evaluating contributors to health in older persons. Geriatric assessment uses specific tools to help determine patient's status across several different dimensions, including assessment of medical, cognitive, affective, social, economic, environmental, spiritual, and functional status...
July 2011: Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York
https://read.qxmd.com/read/25350321/ebola-virus-disease-and-the-need-for-new-personal-protective-equipment
#35
Michael B Edmond, Daniel J Diekema, Eli N Perencevich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/24569496/clinical-practice-guideline-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hyponatraemia
#36
Goce Spasovski, Raymond Vanholder, Bruno Allolio, Djillali Annane, Steve Ball, Daniel Bichet, Guy Decaux, Wiebke Fenske, Ewout J Hoorn, Carole Ichai, Michael Joannidis, Alain Soupart, Robert Zietse, Maria Haller, Sabine van der Veer, Wim Van Biesen, Evi Nagler
Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/l, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. It can lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, from subtle to severe or even life threatening, and is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and length of hospital stay in patients presenting with a range of conditions. Despite this, the management of patients remains problematic. The prevalence of hyponatraemia in widely different conditions and the fact that hyponatraemia is managed by clinicians with a broad variety of backgrounds have fostered diverse institution- and speciality-based approaches to diagnosis and treatment...
April 2014: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/24474185/treatment-of-blood-cholesterol-to-reduce-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adults-synopsis-of-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guideline
#37
Neil J Stone, Jennifer G Robinson, Alice H Lichtenstein, David C Goff, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Sidney C Smith, Conrad Blum, J Sanford Schwartz
DESCRIPTION: In November 2013, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce cardiovascular risk in adults. This synopsis summarizes the major recommendations. METHODS: In 2008, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) IV to update the 2001 ATP-III cholesterol guidelines using a rigorous process to systematically review randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses of RCTs that examined cardiovascular outcomes...
March 4, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/19907042/revascularization-versus-medical-therapy-for-renal-artery-stenosis
#38
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Keith Wheatley, Natalie Ives, Richard Gray, Philip A Kalra, Jonathan G Moss, Colin Baigent, Susan Carr, Nicholas Chalmers, David Eadington, George Hamilton, Graham Lipkin, Anthony Nicholson, John Scoble
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous revascularization of the renal arteries improves patency in atherosclerotic renovascular disease, yet evidence of a clinical benefit is limited. METHODS: In a randomized, unblinded trial, we assigned 806 patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease either to undergo revascularization in addition to receiving medical therapy or to receive medical therapy alone. The primary outcome was renal function, as measured by the reciprocal of the serum creatinine level (a measure that has a linear relationship with creatinine clearance)...
November 12, 2009: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/25086026/2014-esc-esa-guidelines-on-non-cardiac-surgery-cardiovascular-assessment-and-management-the-joint-task-force-on-non-cardiac-surgery-cardiovascular-assessment-and-management-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-and-the-european-society-of-anaesthesiology
#39
Steen Dalby Kristensen, Juhani Knuuti, Antti Saraste, Stefan Anker, Hans Erik Bøtker, Stefan De Hert, Ian Ford, Jose Ramón Gonzalez-Juanatey, Bulent Gorenek, Guy Robert Heyndrickx, Andreas Hoeft, Kurt Huber, Bernard Iung, Keld Per Kjeldsen, Dan Longrois, Thomas F Lüscher, Luc Pierard, Stuart Pocock, Susanna Price, Marco Roffi, Per Anton Sirnes, Miguel Sousa-Uva, Vasilis Voudris, Christian Funck-Brentano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2014: European Heart Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22211147/bronchiectasis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#40
REVIEW
Jessica Rademacher, Tobias Welte
BACKGROUND: Radiologically evident bronchiectasis is seen in 30% to 50% of patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As COPD is now becoming more common around the world, bronchiectasis is as well. METHODS: We review pertinent articles published before May 2011 that were retrieved by a selective PubMed search. RESULTS: The principles of treatment of bronchiectasis in patients who do not have cystic fibrosis ("non-CF bronchiectasis") are derived from the treatment of other diseases: secretolytic and anti-infectious treatment are given as in cystic fibrosis, while anti-obstructive treatment is given as in COPD...
December 2011: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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