Jeremy M Root, Maegan D Sady, Jiaxiang Gai, Christopher G Vaughan, Ponda J Madati
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of cognitive and physical rest on persistent postconcussive symptoms in a pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of 5- to 18-year-olds diagnosed with an acute concussion in a tertiary care pediatric emergency department was conducted from December 2016 to May 2019. Participants (n = 119) were followed over 1 month to track days off from school and sports and the development of persistent postconcussive symptoms (residual concussion symptoms beyond 1 month)...
December 2020: Journal of Pediatrics
Shawn R Eagle, Melissa N Womble, R J Elbin, Raymond Pan, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: Symptom reporting with scales such as the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) is one of the most sensitive markers of concussed status and/or recovery time, It is known that time from injury until initial clinic visit affects symptom presentation and recovery outcomes, but no study to date has evaluated changes in clinical cutoff scores for the PCSS based on earlier versus later clinical presentation postconcussion. PURPOSE: To evaluate if time since injury after sports-related concussion (SRC) affects clinical cutoff scores for total PCSS and PCSS factors in differentiating athletes with SRC from healthy controls and predicting prolonged recovery (>30 days) after SRC...
August 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Trevor D Rutschmann, Lauren N Miutz, Clodagh M Toomey, Keith O Yeates, Carolyn A Emery, Kathryn J Schneider
OBJECTIVES: To identify the symptoms responsible for cessation of exercise testing and evaluate changes in post-concussion symptom scores on the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) from the Sport-Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT5) immediately, 1-4h, and 6-12h following completion of the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) in youth and adults who have sustained a sport-related concussion. DESIGN: Prospective case-series. METHODS: Individuals who were diagnosed with a sport-related concussion and self-reported difficulties with exertion were referred to perform an exertional treadmill test...
January 2021: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Heidi Jeannet Graff, Nicole W Deleu, Peter Christiansen, Hana Malá Rytter
Individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may experience protracted symptoms affecting their ability to work. Several actors may facilitate or act as a barrier to a successful return to work (RTW). This qualitative study used semi-structured in-depth interviews with 22 adults with mTBI at 2-5 years post injury, targeting experiences of how different actors facilitated or acted as a barrier in the RTW process, and encompassed the mTBI trajectory from the acute phase to the post-acute phase. A thematic analysis with a hermeneutical phenomenological approach was used to analyse data...
October 2021: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Jason J S Barton, Paul J Ranalli
Vision therapy in the form of ocular motor training is increasingly used to treat visual complaints, particularly in the setting of persistent symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). In this review, we discuss the rationale behind this intervention and the evidence for its utility. Although the efficacy of exercises for primary convergence insufficiency is plausible and supported by data, there is not yet strong evidence of benefit for the post-traumatic variant. It is not established that abnormalities in fixation, pursuit, and saccades in mTBI are the cause of post-concussive symptoms, or that these abnormalities arise from ocular motor damage rather than being secondary effects of cognitive problems with attention or executive control...
September 2020: Annals of Neurology
Gianluca Del Rossi, Thomas Anania, Rebecca M Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2020: Journal of Athletic Training
Saima Usmani, Laura Balcer, Steven Galetta, Mia Minen
Persistent post-traumatic headache (PPTH) is often the most common injury post mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), reported by 47%-95% of patients. Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) has level A evidence in preventing migraine and tension headaches. However, research on this behavioral therapy for PPTH, let alone smartphone-delivered, is limited. We performed a single-arm study of prospective patients calling our Concussion Center between June 2017-July 2018. Inclusion criteria were that subjects had to meet ICHD-3 criteria for PPTH secondary to mTBI, have four or more headache days a month, be age 18-85 and 3-12 months post injury, own a smartphone and not tried headache behavioral therapy within the year...
June 2, 2020: Journal of Neurotrauma
Adam C Raikes, Natalie S Dailey, Bradley R Shane, Brittany Forbeck, Anna Alkozei, William D S Killgore
OBJECTIVE: Identify the treatment effects of 6 weeks of daily 30-minute sessions of morning blue light therapy compared with placebo amber light therapy in the treatment of sleep disruption following mild traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled randomized trial. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 18 to 45 years with a mild traumatic brain injury within the past 18 months (n = 35). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Beck Depression Inventory II, Rivermead Post-concussion Symptom Questionnaire, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and actigraphy-derived sleep measures...
September 2020: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Samantha L Irwin, Joanne Kacperski, Reena G Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Headache attributed to mild traumatic injury of the head (aka: mild traumatic brain injury, mTBI), frequently abbreviated to Post-Traumatic Headache (PTH), is one of the most common and disabling symptoms after a head injury. PTH often phenotypes to migraine. Evidence for treating PTH in the pediatric population is limited. Widely accepted guidelines do not exist to aid the clinician and there are currently no placebo-controlled trials for the pharmacologic management of PTH in this age group...
June 2020: Headache
Maria L Pacella-LaBarbara, Brian P Suffoletto, Eric Kuhn, Anne Germain, Stephany Jaramillo, Melissa Repine, Clifton W Callaway
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS) are common after minor injuries and can impair recovery. We sought to understand whether an evidence-based mobile phone application with self-help tools (PTSD Coach) could be useful to improve recovery after acute trauma among injured emergency department (ED) patients. This pilot study examined the feasibility, acceptability and potential benefit of using PTSD Coach among acutely injured motor-vehicle crash (MVC) patients...
April 27, 2020: Academic Emergency Medicine
Shawn R Eagle, Anish Puligilla, Vanessa Fazio-Sumrok, Nathan Kegel, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: No studies to date have investigated the role of early clinical care in time to recovery from concussion in a pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of clinic presentation timing (≤ 7 days [early] compared to 8-20 days [late] from injury) in concussion assessment performance and risk for prolonged recovery (> 30 days) in pediatric concussion. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional study from a concussion clinic between April 2016 and January 2019, including 218 children and adolescents with diagnosed concussion, separated based on clinic presentation timing following injury: early (≤ 7 days) and late (8-20 days)...
April 24, 2020: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Helena Kita, Kylie D Mallory, Andrea Hickling, Katherine E Wilson, Emily Kroshus, Nick Reed
PURPOSE: We explored the lived experience of high-school aged girls receiving social support during concussion recovery to better understand (1) how they define meaningful social support and barriers/facilitators to receiving it; (2) who provides that support; and (3) the role of peers. METHODS: In person, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 girls (aged 14-19 years) with a personal history of concussion. RESULTS: Close friends, youth with personal history of concussion, and parents were identified as key providers of meaningful social support during concussion recovery...
May 11, 2020: Brain Injury
William Johnston, Bryan Heiderscheit, Jennifer Sanfilippo, M Alison Brooks, Brian Caulfield
The purpose of this study was to determine if National Collegiate Athletics Association Division 1 American Football and Ice Hockey athletes with a history of concussion have impaired dynamic balance control when compared to healthy control athletes. This cross-sectional observational study recruited 146 athletes; 90 control athletes and 56 athletes with a history of concussion. Athletes were tested during a pre-season evaluation using the inertial-sensor instrumented Y Balance Test. Independent variables were normalised reach distance, gyroscope magnitude sample entropy and jerk magnitude root-mean-square...
April 20, 2020: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Ghazala T Saleem, Beth S Slomine, Stacy J Suskauer
This study examined the relationship between postconcussive symptom domain and school attendance. Retrospective chart review was completed for 88 children aged 6 to 18 years who were evaluated within 30 days postinjury. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to assess the association of physical, cognitive, emotional, and sleep symptoms with extent of school attendance. A subgroup multiple regression analysis was conducted to evaluate whether age affected the relationship of symptoms to school attendance...
April 16, 2020: Clinical Pediatrics
Benjamin L Brett, Katherine Breedlove, Thomas W McAllister, Steven P Broglio, Michael A McCrea, April Marie Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, Paul Pasquina, Jonathan Jackson, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Kenneth L Cameron, Megan N Houston, Christopher Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, James R Clugston, Julianne D Schmidt, Luis A Feigenbaum, Jason P Mihalik, Kevin Guskiewicz, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Sara P D Chrisman, M Alison Brooks, Steven Rowson, Christopher M Miles, Adam Susmarski
BACKGROUND: Organizations recommend that athletes should be asymptomatic or symptom-limited before initiating a graduated return-to-play (GRTP) protocol after sports-related concussion, although asymptomatic or symptom-limited is not well-defined. HYPOTHESES: (1) There will be a range (ie, beyond zero as indicator of "symptom-free") in symptom severity endorsement when athletes are deemed ready to initiate a GRTP protocol. (2) Baseline symptom severity scores and demographic/preinjury medical history factors influence symptom severity scores at the commencement of the GRTP protocol...
May 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Matilde Capi, Leda Marina Pomes, Giulia Andolina, Martina Curto, Paolo Martelletti, Luana Lionetto
Background: Oftentimes, persistent post traumatic headache (PPTH) and migraine are phenotypically similar and the only clinical feature that differentiate them is the presence of a mild or moderate traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The aim of this study is to describe the differences in brain area and in biochemical cascade after concussion and to define the efficacy and safety of treatments in use. Methods: Sources were chosen in according to the International Classification of Headache Disorder (ICHD) criteria...
April 9, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Grant L Iverson, Payton J Jones, Justin E Karr, Bruce Maxwell, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Richard J McNally
Objective: Pre-injury mental health problems are associated with greater symptom reporting following sport-related concussion. We applied a statistical and psychometric approach known as network analysis to examine the interrelationships among symptoms at baseline in adolescent student athletes with a history of mental health problems. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: High schools in Maine, USA. Participants: A cohort of 44,527 adolescent student athletes completed baseline preseason testing with ImPACT® between 2009 and 2015, and those with a history of mental health problems reporting at least one symptom were included ( N = 2,412; 14-18 years-old, 60...
2020: Frontiers in Neurology
Rosemay A Remigio-Baker, Emma Gregory, Wesley R Cole, Jason M Bailie, Karen L McCulloch, Amy Cecchini, Keith Stuessi, Taylor R Andrews, Lynita Mullins, Mark L Ettenhofer
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate relationships between beliefs about the impact of rest and the level of activities and symptoms over time among active duty Service members sustaining concussion, and whether these relationships vary by provision of concussion education. DESIGN: Longitudinal study using multilevel modeling to assess the relationship between beliefs about rest within 72 hours of concussion and change in activity and symptom level over time, as well as interaction by concussion education at the initial clinic visit...
July 2020: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Valentina Di Pietro, Kamal M Yakoub, Giuseppe Caruso, Giacomo Lazzarino, Stefano Signoretti, Aron K Barbey, Barbara Tavazzi, Giuseppe Lazzarino, Antonio Belli, Angela Maria Amorini
Due to a multiplicity of causes provoking traumatic brain injury (TBI), TBI is a highly heterogeneous pathology, characterized by high mortality and disability rates. TBI is an acute neurodegenerative event, potentially and unpredictably evolving into sub-chronic and chronic neurodegenerative events, with transient or permanent neurologic, cognitive, and motor deficits, for which no valid standardized therapies are available. A vast body of literature demonstrates that TBI-induced oxidative/nitrosative stress is involved in the development of both acute and chronic neurodegenerative disorders...
March 22, 2020: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Aaron J Provance, David R Howell, Morgan N Potter, Pamela E Wilson, Allison M D'Lauro, Julie C Wilson
Our objective was to examine the effect of current neck or shoulder pain on concussion outcomes. Variables included symptom resolution and return-to-sport time, symptom severity, amount of school missed, and sleep disturbances. Three hundred twelve patients (37% female; median age = 15.0 years; evaluated median = 9 days postinjury) reported experiencing current neck or shoulder pain at initial evaluation, and 268 did not (31% female; median age = 14.7 years; evaluated median = 8 days postinjury). Neck or shoulder pain was associated with longer symptom resolution time (β = 6...
June 2020: Journal of Child Neurology
2020-03-22 12:34:12
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