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Concussion therapy

Concussion therapy
Rochelle Chauhan, Anika Cheng, Rebecca Tsow, Brodie M Sakakibara, Shelina Babul, Julia Schmidt
CONTEXT: Concussions in youth are highly prevalent. Previously, rest was prescribed to prevent adverse outcomes; however, early return to activity is emerging to improve the recovery trajectory. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of early return to physical and social activity interventions on recovery outcomes in youth with concussion. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted up to October 2022. STUDY SELECTION: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs that reported effects of activity-based interventions on symptoms, quality-of-life (QoL), and return to preinjury activity levels in children and youth after a concussion...
May 1, 2023: Pediatrics
Thomas W McAllister, Steven P Broglio, Barry P Katz, Susan M Perkins, Michelle LaPradd, Wenxian Zhou, Michael A McCrea
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some athletes experience a slow recovery after sport-related concussion (SRC). There is little agreement on what constitutes slow recovery, however, and minimal data on the prevalence, predictors, or prognosis for this group. The objectives of this study were to apply an operationalized definition of slow recovery and characterize predictors and long-term prognosis of these individuals. METHODS: This is a prospective multisite observational study of collegiate athletes...
April 4, 2023: Neurology
Christina L Master, Darron Bacal, Matthew F Grady, Richard Hertle, Ankoor S Shah, Mitchell Strominger, Sarah Whitecross, Geoffrey E Bradford, Flora Lum, Sean P Donahue
Visual symptoms are common after concussion in children and adolescents, making it essential for clinicians to understand how to screen, identify, and initiate clinical management of visual symptoms in pediatric patients after this common childhood injury. Although most children and adolescents with visual symptoms after concussion will recover on their own by 4 weeks, for a subset who do not have spontaneous recovery, referral to a specialist with experience in comprehensive concussion management (eg, sports medicine, neurology, neuropsychology, physiatry, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology) for additional assessment and treatment may be necessary...
August 1, 2022: Pediatrics
J Heath Wilder, Sanchita S Gupta, Grace C Kelly, J Nicholas Logarbo, Santiago L Sanchez, Garrett H Williams, William F Sherman
OBJECTIVE: The sequalae of mild concussions continue to emerge with increased awareness in sports-related injuries. This study aimed to quantify the number of patients who are affected by a mental illness within three years of a concussion and identify whether demographic differences exist that may influence a mental illness diagnosis. DESIGN: Using a nationwide database, data was queried for a diagnosis of concussion, capturing patients aged 18 to 45 with no previous mental illness, and then identified if these patients were diagnosed with a mental illness within three years of their concussion...
February 23, 2022: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Erica L Underwood, John B Redell, Mark E Maynard, Nobuhide Kobori, Michael J Hylin, Kimberly N Hood, Rebecca K West, Jing Zhao, Anthony N Moore, Pramod K Dash
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can initiate complex pathophysiological changes in the brain. Numerous cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying these pathologic changes are altered after injury, including those involved in energy utilization, excitotoxicity, ionic disturbances, and inflammation. It is thought that targeting multiple mechanisms may be necessary to produce meaningful reductions in brain pathology and to improve outcome. Previous studies have reported that the anti-diabetic drug metformin can also affect inflammatory, cell survival, and metabolic outcomes, possibly by acting on multiple targets and/or pathways...
January 2022: ENeuro
Muhammad Ali, Nickolas Dreher, Theodore Hannah, Adam Li, Nek Asghar, Zachary Spiera, Naoum Fares Marayati, John Durbin, Alex Gometz, Mark Lovell, Tanvir Choudhri
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may affect concussion risk and recovery in youth athletes. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between incidence of concussion and postinjury recovery of symptoms and neurocognitive dysfunction among youth athletes with ADHD and differential stimulant use. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: From 2009 to 2019, the authors administered the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) to youth athletes at the beginning of each season...
October 2021: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Francesca Buhagiar, Melinda Fitzgerald, Jason Bell, Fiona Allanson, Carmela Pestell
Background: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) results from an external force to the head or body causing neurophysiological changes within the brain. The number and severity of symptoms can vary, with some individuals experiencing rapid recovery, and others having persistent symptoms for months to years, impacting their quality of life. Current rehabilitation is limited in its ability to treat persistent symptoms and novel approaches are being sought to improve outcomes following mTBI. Neuromodulation is one technique used to encourage adaptive neuroplasticity within the brain...
2020: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Cara Powell, Brianna McCaulley, Zachary Scott Brosky, Tyler Stephenson, Amy Hassen-Miller
BACKGROUND: Adolescent athletes are experiencing an increased number of concussions. There is currently a debate within the medical community regarding the most effective and safe treatment approach for this population, post-concussion. Interventions currently range from cognitive and physical rest to various types of physical activity, including aerobic exercise. While there are systematic reviews that focus on rest as the main intervention, there are no other systematic reviews that focus on the effects of aerobic exercise on concussion recovery in adolescent athletes...
October 2020: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Morgan Anderson, Kyle M Petit, Abigail C Bretzin, R J Elbin, Katie L Stephenson, Tracey Covassin
CONTEXT: Previous researchers have examined factor structures for common concussion symptom inventories. However, they failed to discriminate between the acute (<72 hours) and subacute (3 days-3 months) periods after concussion. The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT) is an acute assessment that, when compared with other concussion symptom inventories, includes or excludes symptoms that may result in different symptom factors. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose was to investigate the symptom factor structure of the 22-item SCAT symptom inventory in healthy, uninjured and acutely concussed high school and collegiate athletes...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Athletic Training
Noah D Silverberg, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: As part of an initiative led by the Brain Injury Special Interest Group Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Task Force of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM) to update the 1993 ACRM definition of mild TBI, the present study aimed to characterize current expert opinion on diagnostic considerations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. SETTING: Not applicable. PARTICIPANTS: An international, interdisciplinary group of clinician-scientists (N=31) with expertise in mild TBI completed the survey by invitation between May and July 2019 (100% completion rate)...
January 2021: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Julie C Wilson, Michael W Kirkwood, Morgan N Potter, Pamela E Wilson, Aaron J Provance, David R Howell
Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes among patients who did and did not report engaging in early physical activity (PA) following sport-related concussion. Methods: We evaluated pediatric patients seen within 21 days of concussion. The independent variable was early PA engagement (since the injury and before initial clinical evaluation). Dependent variables included demographics, injury details, medical history, Health and Behavior Inventory (HBI) score, and balance, vestibular, and oculomotor function tests...
May 26, 2020: Journal of Clinical and Translational Research
Jeffrey J Pasternak, Arnoley S Abcejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of acute and chronic repeated concussion. We address epidemiology, pathophysiology, anesthetic utilization, and provide some broad-based care recommendations. RECENT FINDINGS: Acute concussion is associated with altered cerebral hemodynamics. These aberrations can persist despite resolution of signs and symptoms. Multiple repeated concussions can cause chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a disorder associated with pathologic findings similar to some organic dementias...
October 2020: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Alexia K Martin, Ashley J Petersen, Heather W Sesma, Mary B Koolmo, Katherine M Ingram, Katie B Slifko, Victoria N Nguyen, Robert C Doss, Amy M Linabery
OBJECTIVE: To examine pre-existing anxiety disorders as a risk factor for increased concussion symptomology and prolonged recovery in children and adolescents. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we abstracted medical record data for 637 children/adolescents (5-17 years) presenting to three tertiary concussion clinics between April 2018 and March 2019. Primary outcomes were mean concussion symptom and vision symptom severity scores measured at clinic visits...
October 2020: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Bara Alsalaheen, Wendy Carender, Melissa Grzesiak, Cindy Munday, Andrea Almeida, Matthew Lorincz, Gregory F Marchetti
PURPOSE: To examine interrelationships among Vestibular/Ocular-Motor Screen (VOMS) items and to characterize the recovery of VOMS performance in a sample of adolescents treated with vestibular physical therapy (VPT) after concussion. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with concussion and 77 participants without concussion completed the study. Adolescents with concussion received an individualized VPT intervention consisting of targeted exercises for gaze stability, postural stability, ocular-motor control, habituation, and aerobic activities...
October 2020: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Samuel R Walton, Donna K Broshek, Sibylle Kranz, Steven K Malin, Jay Hertel, Jacob E Resch
OBJECTIVE: To measure alterations in mood, psychological, and behavioral factors in collegiate athletes throughout recovery from sport concussion (SC) compared with matched controls. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty (55% female) division I collegiate athletes with SC (19.3 ± 1.08 years old, 1.77 ± 0.11 m, 79.6 ± 23.37 kg) and 20 (55% female) uninjured matched controls (20.8 ± 2.17 years old, 1.77 ± 0.10 m, 81...
July 22, 2020: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Laura Campbell-Sills, Sonia Jain, Xiaoying Sun, Lauren B Fisher, Stephanie D Agtarap, Sureyya Dikmen, Lindsay D Nelson, Nancy Temkin, Michael McCrea, Esther Yuh, Joseph T Giacino, Geoffrey T Manley, Murray B Stein
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI) following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). SETTING: Eleven US level 1 trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1158 emergency department patients with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score = 13-15) enrolled in the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) study. DESIGN: Prospective observational study; weights-adjusted multivariable logistic regression models (n's = 727-883) estimated associations of baseline factors and post-TBI symptoms with SI at 2 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months postinjury...
January 2021: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Neil K McGroarty, Symone M Brown, Mary K Mulcahey
Background: Female athletes are more susceptible to sport-related concussions (SRCs) and experience worse outcomes compared with male athletes. Although numerous studies on SRC have compared the outcomes of concussions in male and female athletes after injury, research pertaining to why female athletes have worse outcomes is limited. Purpose: To determine the factors that predispose female athletes to more severe concussions than their male counterparts. Study Design: Systematic review; Level or evidence, 3...
July 2020: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Brandon L Gillie, Vanessa Fazio-Sumrok, Shawn R Eagle, Nathan Kegel, Alicia M Trbovich, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
The purpose of the current study was to examine predictors (e.g., pre-injury anxiety and sub-types, concussion symptom severity, neurocognitive performance, and vestibular/ocular-motor impairment) of post-injury anxiety scores following concussion among youth aged 10-18 years. This observational cohort study enrolled patients ( n  = 129) within 30 days of a diagnosed concussion. Patients completed Screening for Child Anxiety Related Disorders-Child Reports (SCARED-C), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Post-concussion Symptom Scale, neurocognitive testing, and Vestibular-Ocular Motor Screening...
July 29, 2020: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
S Langdon, M Königs, E A M C Adang, E Goedhart, J Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: Current clinical guidelines provide a unitary approach to manage sport-related concussion (SRC), while heterogeneity in the presentation of symptoms suggests that subtypes of SRC may exist. We systematically reviewed the available evidence on SRC subtypes and associated clinical outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and SPORTDiscus ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Electronic databases were searched for studies: (i) identifying SRC symptom clusters using classification methodology; or (ii) associating symptom clusters to clinical outcome variables...
October 2020: Sports Medicine
Chiao-Ling Chen, Mei-Yu Lin, Mega Hasanul Huda, Pei-Shan Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Although the mechanism of post-concussion syndrome remains unclear, psychological factors are thought to be associated with its development. Cognitive behavioral therapy is the gold standard for psychological disorders; however, its effects on post-concussion syndrome remain unclear. Through this meta-analysis, we assessed the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on post-concussion syndrome following traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched from inception to September 15, 2019, for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy for adults with post-concussion syndrome...
September 2020: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
2020-07-29 13:53:31
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