JOURNAL ARTICLE

Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia in children

B Zupańska, W Lawkowicz, B Górska, J Kozłowska, M Ochocka, R Rokicka-Milewska, D Derulska, D Ciepielewska
British Journal of Haematology 1976, 34 (3): 511-20
990186
Forty-four children with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) are described: 31 had acute, subacute or chronic disease with warm autoantibodies and 13 had acute or chronic anaemia with cold autoantibodies. The commonest forms were the acute and subacute types with warm autoantibodies and these were more frequent in young children, while chronic AIHA occurred mainly among children at puberty. In about 16% the anaemia was accompanied by a chronic disorder but in over 50% the anaemia was preceded by an acute infection or immunization. The former gave rise mainly to chronic anaemia, but the latter was associated with the acute and subacute forms. In general the prognosis was good and death was never caused by anaemia per se. The prognosis was worse in patientw with clinical features of thrombocytopenia and bleeding and with the immunological findings of free autoantibodies in the serum and a positive direct antiglobulin test. In acute and subacute forms, treatment with corticosteroids and sometimes with blood transfusions was effective. In chronic forms of the disease it was often necessary to give additional immunosuppressive drugs or/and to perform a splenectomy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
990186
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.