Journal Article
Systematic Review
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Artificial Intelligence and ChatGPT in Abdominopelvic Surgery: A Systematic Review of Applications and Impact.

In Vivo 2024
BACKGROUND/AIM: The integration of AI and natural language processing technologies, such as ChatGPT, into surgical practice has shown promising potential in enhancing various aspects of abdominopelvic surgical procedures. This systematic review aims to comprehensively evaluate the current state of research on the applications and impact of artificial intelligence (AI) and ChatGPT in abdominopelvic surgery summarizing existing literature towards providing a comprehensive overview of the diverse applications, effectiveness, challenges, and future directions of these innovative technologies.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of major electronic databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, was conducted from October to November 2023, to identify relevant studies. Inclusion criteria encompassed studies that investigated the utilization of AI and ChatGPT in abdominopelvic surgical settings, including, but not limited to preoperative planning, intraoperative decision-making, postoperative care, and patient communication.

RESULTS: Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. The majority of the studies were analysing ChatGPT's data output and decision making while two studies reported patient and general surgery resident perception of the tool applied to clinical practice. Most studies reported a high accuracy of ChatGPT in data output and decision-making process, however with an unforgettable number of errors.

CONCLUSION: This systematic review contributes to the current understanding of the role of AI and ChatGPT in abdominopelvic surgery, providing insight into their applications and impact on clinical practice. The synthesis of available evidence will inform future research directions, clinical guidelines, and development of these technologies to optimize their potential benefits in enhancing surgical care within the abdominopelvic domain.

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