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The Rate of Cesarean Section and Newborn Apgar score In Two Types Of Physiological Delivery and Facilitated Delivery in Mothers with First Pregnancy.

INTRODUCTION: Labor pain is often severe and its lack of relief can have a bad effect on the mother's physiological condition. Accurate measurement and appropriate treatment of pain is an important problem. There are several choices for the control of labor pain, however, each method has its own risks and benefits regarding its efficiency and availability; therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the rate of cesarean section and newborn Apgar in two types of physiological delivery and facilitated delivery among mothers with first delivery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on mothers aged 18-35 who went to the hospital to give birth. In the present study, 8 sessions (90 minutes each session) were held to prepare mothers from 20 to 37 weeks of pregnancy. Candidate mothers for physiological labor were hospitalized without intervention and in the active phase of labor, and their labor stages were planned physiologically. The pain intensity of mothers was asked using a scale (VAS) during labor every half hour (according to the pain scale from 0 to 10). The average score of pain during the first and second stages, type of delivery, amount of postpartum bleeding, length of the stage of delivery, infection, and fever after delivery, Apgar score of the baby, perineal status, mother's satisfaction and the rate of hospitalization of the baby in NICU were recorded. Furthermore, the level of satisfaction with childbirth was evaluated with the help of Mackey's standard satisfaction questionnaire.

RESULTS: The average age of the physiological delivery and facilitated delivery groups was 26.37 ± 5.23 years and 26.58 ± 5.79 years, respectively. Physiological delivery significantly required less conversion to cesarean section. The most common etiology was caesarean section in the physiologic labor group, and a drop in NST was reported in the facilitated group. The analysis of the results demonstrated no significant difference between the etiology of cesarean section and the study groups. The Apgar score in the physiological group was significantly better than the facilitated group. There is no significant relationship between the study group and the amount of bleeding during delivery. Furthermore, there was no significant relationship between the study group and the incidence of postpartum infection. The rate of NICU admission in the facilitated group was found to be significantly higher than physiological delivery.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study revealed that the rate of caesarean section, the rate of need for NICU, newborns' Apgar score, and the rate of mothers' satisfaction in physiological delivery group were significantly different from the other groups, but the rate of wound infection and the amount of postpartum bleeding in the two groups showed a significant difference.

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