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International Tinnitus Journal

Jaleh Yousefi, Hojat Madarshahi, Asghar Akhavan, Abolfazl Taheri, Masoumeh Saeedi, Ali Bagherihagh, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi
OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is characterized by a long-time inflammatory disease of nasal and sinus mucosa. Olfactory dysfunction is common among CRS patients with a prevalence ranging from 48% to 83%. We aimed to assess the effect of ESS on olfactory function of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps. METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 30 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps. Patients were randomly allocated to two intervention and control groups; patients in intervention group underwent endoscopic sinus surgery by a single surgeon and control group continued standard treatment with nasal irrigation of normal saline (4 times daily) and nasal corticosteroids (one puff in each nostril daily)...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Yin-Ching Chan, Ming-Fu Wang, Juen-Haur Hwang
OBJECTIVES: The function of γ-amino butyric acid receptor (GR) was related with tinnitus. But, the effects of Spirulina platensis water extract (SP) on the mRNA expression of GRAβ3 in mice with tinnitus were still unclear. METHOD: Eighteen SAMP8 mice were divided into the control group (intraperitoneal injection of saline, once per day), the tinnitus group (intraperitoneal injection of salicylate, 300 mg/kg body weight once per day), and the spirulina group [intraperitoneal injection of salicylate, 300 mg/kg body weight and oral SP supplementation (1000 mg/kg body weight) once per day]...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Anuradha Sharma, Sanjay Munjal, Naresh Panda, Manju Mohanty
OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to investigate the presenting features of tinnitus in subjects with normal hearing thresholds as compared to the ones with hearing loss. METHODOLOGY: Sample population comprised of 175 subjects with tinnitus, in the age range of 18 to 55 years, segregated into two groups: G1 (75 subjects) having normal hearing with tinnitus and G2 (100 subjects) having hearing loss with tinnitus. All the subjects underwent conventional audiometric testing along with a thorough evaluation of all the parameters of tinnitus...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Peter Ahnblad
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a non-energy consuming light bio-modulator patch creating coherency for tinnitus relief. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three independent clinical studies and continuous post market clinical follow up have been performed during the year 2012 to 2018. The first study was a limited interventional investigation with 10 patients, the second was a larger interventional study with finally 48 patients further investigated, and the third a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study with 82 patients...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Olawale Olubi, Adebayo AbdulAkeem Aluko, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Paul Adebisi Eletta, Abdulmajid Ibrahim Yahya
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is a commonly neglected otologic symptom among children in developing country. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, clinical characteristics, diagnosis and management of childhood tinnitus in a developing country. METHOD: This prospective hospital based study of patients' age 18 years and below with complaints of tinnitus was conducted in Ear, Nose and Throat Department of Ekiti state UniversityTeaching Hospital,Ado Ekiti,Nigeria between April 2016 to March 2018...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Fatai Olatoke, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Olawale Olubi, Ahmed Ali, Paul Adebisi Eletta, Adebayo AbdulAkeem Aluko
OBJECTIVES: Preschool children hearing impairment is a common otologic diseases worldwide. The burdens of this preventable condition can be reduced in developing country. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence, diagnosis and management of hearing impairment among children less than 5 years seen in our center. METHOD: This was a prospective hospital based study of preschool children with complaints of hearing impairment in Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Nigeria...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Saad Elzayat, Sameh Ragab, Magdy Eisa, Mohamed Amer, Mahmoud F Mandour, Mai Mehraz
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of adding lidocaine to dexamethasone in the intratympanic injections for the treatment of subjective idiopathic tinnitus (SIT). METHOD: A prospective, controlled, randomized, double-blind study of forty-four patients with SIT diagnosed in the Department of Otolaryngology, Tanta University Hospital, a tertiary academic medical centre from March 2015 to October 2016. 44 patients were recruited in the study and were categorized into two groups; (A) included 22 patients managed with ITLD, and (B) included 22 patients managed with intratympanic postoperative ITD injection...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Dunay Schmulian
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus affects 10% of the population. It has been linked with depression, anxiety, insomnia and suicide. Because tinnitus is a symptom input from a multidisciplinary team of specialized clinicians is required and includes medical, allied health and mental health professionals. The study launched an enquiry into the knowledge, skills and attitudes of professionals dealing with clients with bothersome tinnitus. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Through an interpretive phenomenological lens, the life world of six participants, representing audiology (3), psychology (2) and otolaryngology (1) were chronicled...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Zahra Sarafraz, Aslan Ahmadi, Ahmad Daneshi
OBJECTIVE: Cisplatin is a potent chemotherapeutic agent that is used against a variety of tumors. The most common side effect of cisplatin is ototoxicity. This dose-related hearing impairment is high frequency, bilateral, and permanent. Unfortunately, there is no prophylactic protocol, and, in current clinical practice, the treatment of cancer with cisplatin is interrupted when ototoxicity develops or the resulting hearing impairment is tolerated as an acceptable side effect of cancer treatment...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Saeed Kalantari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Thyroid nodules are common medical and surgical problems. Although ultrasound has been proposed for evaluation of these nodules by many studies, but there is no consensus regarding its diagnostic accuracy and discriminatory cutoffs. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of Gray-scale and Color Doppler US in predicting thyroid nodules malignancy. METHOD: This is an analytical cross-sectional study which was conducted on 63 patients with thyroid nodules...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Pamela Maria Kusdra, Jose Stechman-Neto, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante de Leão, Paulo Francisco Arant Martins, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim
BACKGROUND: Patients with any type of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) may have several symptoms in their temporomandibular joints, masticatory muscles and associated structures, and may have otological symptoms such as tinnitus, ear fullness, ear pain, hearing loss, hyperacusis, and vertigo, which may be due to the anatomical proximity between the temporomandibular joint, muscles innervated by the trigeminal nerve, and ear structures. Objective: This study found a prevalence of ear complaints described in the medical records of patients (n = 485) at the Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of the Temporomandibular Joint and Dental-Facial Functional Alterations at Tuiuti University of Paraná (CDATM/UTP), with TMD evaluated by the Research Diagnostic Criteria/Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/ TMD)...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Chandramala Shaurya, Aparna Ravichandran, Suraj Kumar
The term tinnitus is derived from the Latin word tinnire, meaning to ring. Although it is often referred to as "ringing in the ears, tinnitus can be perceived as many different sounds including hissing, clicking or whistling. India being a multilingual country needs to develop and standardize tinnitus questionnaire in Indian language. There are no significant test materials available with respect to Indian context based on Hindi, which can be routinely used by the professionals to assess the primary effect of tinnitus in patients...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Masahiro Rikitake, Sayaka Sampei, Manabu Komori, Yuika Sakurai, Hiromi Kojima
The vaccination has much profit for an infectious disease. On the other hand, there is little frequency, side effects may appear. It includes severe complication. We reported the case that resulted in bilateral acute profound hearing loss after mumps alone and measles and rubella (MR) vaccination. The case was a 5 years old girl. She inoculated mumps alone and MR vaccine. After 18days later, both sides profound hearing loss occurred in her. The hearing loss was not improved by the intravenous feeding of the steroid...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Altissimi, Natalia Tagliaferri, Laura Carchiolo, Rosaria Turchetta, Massimo Fusconi, Antonella Polimeni, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis
There is a growing awareness that children may experience hyperacusis, a condition that is often associated with behavioral and developmental disorders. This preliminary study was aimed to investigate the effects of hyperacusis alone on various components of speech and language in children without developmental disorders. This study was conducted on 109 children aged between 4 and 7 years attending kindergarten and primary school. Hyperacusis was assessed through behavioral observation of children and questionnaires for parents...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
K Leggett, V Mendis, Wham Mulders
Animal models of tinnitus rely on interpretation of behavioural or reflexive tests to determine the presence of this phantom perception. A commonly used test is the gap prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle (GPIAS), which is often combined with prepulse inhibition (PPI) to ensure that reduced GPIAS suppression is not due to hearing loss caused by the acoustic trauma commonly used to trigger tinnitus development. In our laboratory GPIAS and PPI are routinely used on two colonies of outbred tri-colour guinea pigs...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Kaushlendra Kumar, Teenu Thomas, Jayashree S Bhat, Rajesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: In congenital visual impaired individuals one modality is impaired (visual modality) this impairment is compensated by other sensory modalities. There is evidence that visual impaired performed better in different auditory task like localization, auditory memory, verbal memory, auditory attention, and other behavioural tasks when compare to normal sighted individuals. OBJECTIVE: The current study was aimed to compare the temporal resolution, frequency resolution and speech perception in noise ability in individuals with congenital visual impaired and normal sighted...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
Mohammad-Reza Mahmoudian-Sani, Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori, Mohammad-Saeid Jami, Massoud Saidijam
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we attempted to differentiated human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) to auditory hair cells using growth factors. METHODS: Retinoic acid (RA), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF) were added to hBMSCs cell culture medium. The cells were evaluated morphologically and the expression of SOX2, POU4F3, MYO7A, and Calretinin at mRNA level and ATOH1 mRNA and protein expression. RESULTS: After treatment with the growth factors, the morphology of the cells did not change, but evaluation of gene expression at the mRNA level increased the expression of the ATOH1, SOX2, and POU4F3 markers...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
Kostiantyn Trinus, Claus-Frenz Claussen
26-28 May at 43 Congress of Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society (Budapest, Hungary) International Clinical Protocol on Vestibular Disorders (Dizziness) being discussed and accepted as Consensus Document. Cochrane reports estimates that dizziness has prevalence of 22.9% in the last 12 months and an incidence of 3.1%. Only 1.8% of adults consulted a physician in the last 12 months. Cochrane reviews suggest that the evidence base for dizziness evaluation is weak, thus necessitates the creation of evidence-based document...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
Peter Ahnblad, Anders Nordkvist
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance and safety of an innovative passive light photon driven microscopic biomodulator patch as an alternative medical device for tinnitus relief. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two (82) patients were randomized to receive either an active (biomodulator) patch or a placebo patch, for a 3-week treatment period. Patch performance (evaluated with questionnaires related to tinnitus and quality-of-life) and safety were assessed after 3 weeks of treatment (Week 3) and at a follow-up visit 4-weeks after end of treatment (Week 7)...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
Sujoy Kumar Makar, Geetha Mukundan, Geeta Gore
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a perception of an auditory sensation without the presence of an external sound. It has devastating impact on the quality of life and psychosocial aspect of the sufferer. Mechanisms of tinnitus not clear; however, its management include counselling, hearing aids, tinnitus masking, relaxation therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy and tinnitus retraining therapy. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a scoping review to explore the role of counselling, hearing aids, tinnitus masking, relaxation therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy and tinnitus retraining therapy in India...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
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