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Acute and chronic kidney dysfunction and prognosis following thrombectomy for ischemic stroke.

INTRODUCTION: Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) have an increased risk of stroke and CKD seems associated with worse outcome after a stroke. The main objective of our study RISOTTO was to evaluate the influence of CKD and Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) on the clinical outcome and mortality of ischemic stroke patients after thrombolysis and/or thrombectomy.

METHODS: This multicenter cohort study included patients in the acute phase of ischemic stroke due to a large artery occlusion managed by thrombectomy. Functional outcome at 3 months was assessed by modified Rankin Scale (mRS).

RESULTS: 280 patients were included in the analysis. Fifty-nine patients (22.6%) had CKD. At 3 months, CKD was associated with similar functional prognosis (mRS 3-6: 50.0% vs. 41.7%, p=0.262) but higher mortality: 24.2% vs. 9.5%, p=0.004. In univariate analysis, patients with CKD had a higher burden of white matter hyperintensities (Fazekas 1.7±0.8 vs. 1.0±0.8, p=0.002), lower initial infarcted volume with equivalent severity, and lower recanalization success (86.4% vs. 97.0%, p=0.008) compared to non-CKD patients. Forty-seven patients (20.0%) developed AKI. AKI was associated with poorer 3-month functional outcome (mRS 3-6: 63.8% vs. 49.0%, p=0.002) and mortality: 23.4% vs. 7.7%, p=0.002. In multivariate analysis, AKI appeared as an independent risk factor for poor functional outcome (mRS 3-6: adjOR 2.79 [1.11-7.02], p=0.029) and mortality: adjOR 2.52 [1.03-6.18], p=0.043 at 3 months, while CKD was not independently associated with 3-month mortality and poor neurological outcome.

CONCLUSION: AKI is independently associated with poorer functional outcome and increased mortality at 3 months. CKD was not an independent risk factor for 3-month mortality or poor functional prognosis.

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