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Medical Treatment Strategies for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heterogeneous genetic heart disease inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with an estimated prevalence of 0.6% in the general population. Clinical manifestations of HCM vary considerably, with symptoms ranging from none or mild exercise intolerance to severe lifestyle-limiting symptoms, advanced heart failure, and sudden cardiac death. Current management options for HCM include lifestyle modifications, familial screening with genetic counseling, pharmacotherapy for symptom control, sudden cardiac death risk stratification with or without defibrillator implantation, septal reduction therapy, and, in some cases, heart transplantation. Only recently have strongly targeted medical therapies for HCM, such as myosin inhibitors, been studied in multicenter randomized controlled trials. In this report, we review the currently available medical treatments for HCM and the future directions of HCM pharmacotherapy, and we highlight important unmet needs in this population.

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