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Off-label use of KONAR-MF™ occluder for transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus in unusual circumstances.

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure with unusual morphology associated with multiple constrictions or unusual circumstances such as interruption of inferior vena cava (IVC) is still challenging. This study evaluates the use of KONAR-MF™ (Lifetech Scientific Co Ltd., Shenzhen) for transcatheter closure of PDA in such situations.

MATERIALS AND METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2021 and October 2021, 24 patients from three different tertiary care centers underwent PDA device closure using the KONAR-MF™ device and are included in the study. Patient demographics, echocardiographic assessment, procedural details including the approach, device details, complications, and follow-up data were recorded. The median age and weight of the cohort were 2 years (0.5-41) and 10 kg (5-98), respectively. The indications for using KONAR-MF™ were (a) unusual morphology of PDA in 14, long tubular PDA in 8, and long tubular with multiple constrictions in 6 patients and (b) unusual circumstances such as interrupted IVC in 6 and inability to cross PDA antegradely in 4 due to dilated main pulmonary artery. The procedure was successful in all the patients and no procedure-related complications were noted in this cohort. Median follow-up of 9 months (range: 5-18) showed no residual shunt and only one patient had flow acceleration across the left pulmonary artery (peak Doppler gradient 16 mmHg).

CONCLUSIONS: KONAR-MF™ device can be used safely and effectively for transcatheter closure of PDA with unusual anatomy or in unusual circumstances.

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