Diogo Remi Oliveira Faim, Patrícia Vaz Silva, Andreia Francisco, António Pires
Proximal stent migration in setting of transcatheter management of coarctation of the aorta is a rare complication, which may require emergency surgery. Herein, we report a successful transcatheter management of proximal stent migration in a high surgical risk, a 14-year-old girl, which caused partial occlusion of both the descending aorta and the left subclavian artery.
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Zeeshan Ahmed Mumtaz, Kothandam Sivakumar
Coronary arteries coursing behind the aortic root may get compressed when nitinol septal occluders are used to close an atrial septal defect. Hence, echocardiographic recognition of a retroaortic linear vessel is important during preinterventional evaluation. While the left circumflex arising from the right coronary artery is the most common cause, a similar finding is sometimes observed in a single left or right coronary artery and rarely with small sinus nodal branches from the left circumflex artery. Complex three-dimensional relations between the defect and the aortic root may be understood only after a postdeployment selective coronary angiography...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Kothandam Sivakumar
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after the Kawashima procedure causing severe hypoxemia are treated by Fontan surgery that redirects hepatic venous blood to the pulmonary circulation. Alignment of the hepatic venous conduit toward both pulmonary arteries is crucial for their regression. Persistent hypoxemia due to nonregressed malformations in one lung often warrants a repeat surgery to redirect hepatic venous flows. Catheter-based redirection of Fontan flows is not commonly performed as metallic stents and devices may predispose to thrombus formation in the circuit...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Alessandra Pizzuto, Magdalena Cuman, Massimiliano Cantinotti, Eliana Franchi, Giulia Corana, Cecilia Viacava, Nadia Assanta, Giuseppe Santoro
Atrioventricular block (AVB) is an infrequent but life-threatening complication of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), accounting for 0.1%-6.2% of cases in large series. It has been related to unfavorable defect anatomy as well as size and intrinsic stiffness of the occluding device. In this setting, the new GORE® cardioform ASD occluder (GCA) device could be an appealing technical advance in ASD treatment. We report a case of complete AVB after ASD closure with an Amplatzer septal occluding (Abbott, Plymouth MN, USA) device successfully treated by its percutaneous retrieval and "rescue" deployment of GCA device few months later...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Praneet Lale, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Agarwal, Reena Khantwal Joshi, Raja Joshi, B S Vivek
Modified Blalock‒Taussig shunt is a commonly performed palliative cardiac surgery. Complications like early or late occlusion have been reported in approximately 10% of patients. Thrombosis, stenosis, or kinking are possible mechanisms that lead to shunt obstruction which may be life-threatening and need urgent intervention in form of medical, surgical, or interventional catheterization. Traditionally, these patients are managed in the operating room with shunt revision but with advancing techniques, percutaneous interventions are being increasingly deployed to salvage these patients effectively...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Mahua Roy, Debasree Gangopadhyay, Noopur Goyel, Amitabha Chattopadhyay, Biswajit Bandyopadhyay
Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is now the standard of care with some exceptions. Best treatment for peripheral pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis in small children is still debatable. Surgical augmentation, balloon dilatation, and stenting are the available options with each having its own risks and limitations. Here, we are reporting complete transcatheter management of three cases of congenital rubella syndrome who had PDA and left branch PA stenosis by device closure and stent placement, with successful outcome in two cases and complication, leading to surgery in one...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Anand P Subramanian, Mahimarangaiah Jayranganath, Adaligere Paraswanath Bharath, Ashita Barthur, Usha Mandikal Kodandarama Sastry, Antoon F M Moorman
Background: Data on congenital systemic arteriovenous fistulas are largely based on individual case reports. A true systemic arteriovenous fistula needs to be differentiated from other vascular malformations like capillary or venous hemangiomas, which are far more common. Objectives: We sought to identify the varied symptoms, diagnostic challenges, describe interventional treatment options, and postulate an embryological basis for this uncommonly described entity...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Pramod Sagar, Kothandam Sivakumar, Ramyashri Chandrasekaran, Sreeja Pavithran, Puthiyedath Thejaswi, Rajendran Monica
Background: Device closure of multiple atrial septal defects (MASDs) is frequently done using a single centrally deployed septal or cribriform occluder, but multiple devices are needed for large defects separated more than 6 mm. There is a concern about complications while using multiple devices, especially in children. Methods: Patients who received multiple devices for closure of MASD were grouped according to their age and analyzed for procedural techniques, immediate and late complications...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Kothandam Sivakumar, Zeeshan Ahmed Mumtaz, Pramod Sagar
Extreme pulmonary artery hypoplasia in cyanotic malformations precludes palliative surgeries. When aortopulmonary collaterals (APC) in such patients are also hypoplastic, their unifocalization to create a neopulmonary vasculature is also hampered. Stent angioplasty of the outflow or collateral arteries may reduce hypoxia but is challenging in tortuous and atretic tracts. Fusion imaging overlays anatomical data from computed tomography during adult structural interventions, but its use is not often reported in young children with complex cyanotic malformations...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Kothandam Sivakumar, Ramyashri Chandrasekaran, Ziyad M Hijazi
Dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tracts after a repair for tetralogy of Fallot using a transannular patch offer limited nonsurgical opportunities due to their large dimensions. A discrete subannular narrowing between a dilated right ventricle and the enlarged pulmonary trunk was a potential anatomical target for the creation of a landing zone using a prestent in a young male with severe pulmonary regurgitation and moderate stenosis. Asymmetric expansion of the prestent in the angulated outflow tract led to distal stent embolization that was stabilized by another telescoping stent before successful valve implantation...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Harmeet Singh Arora, P L Vidya, Arijit Kumar Ghosh, Satish Chandra Mishra, Sachin Shouche, Brijindera Singh Sethi, Satish Kumar Mishra, Gagandeep Singh Nagi
Background: Balloon angioplasty (BA) for aortic coarctation in neonates and infants remains controversial due to high recurrence rate and vascular complications. Aim: This study aimed to determine the safety and outcome of percutaneous treatment of coarctation in neonates and infants and to share the initial experience of strategy of prepartial dilatation with high-pressure noncomplaint balloon before final targeted dilatation using low-pressure compliant balloon...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Piotr Weryński, Agnieszka Malinowska-Weryńska, Agnieszka Wójcik, Jacek Kołcz
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) associated with an aortopulmonary window (APW) is a rare cardiac malformation that needs an immediate diagnosis after birth and surgical treatment to avoid irreversible pulmonary lesions. Herein, we describe a case of successful staged treatment of premature neonate using many operative procedures. The first stage was stenting of patent ductus arteriosus with banding of pulmonary artery branches using a hybrid approach. At the age of one, he underwent total correction of malformation using Gore-Tex patch...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Snigdha Puram, Ashrith Kandula, David Saul, Rahul Nikam, Christian Pizarro
Acquired aortopulmonary fistula (APF) in the setting of repaired congenital heart disease is extremely rare but potentially fatal, so timely diagnosis and treatment are critical. We present a case of an 8-year-old female with a history of complex Taussig-Bing anomaly, who underwent an arterial switch procedure with LeCompte maneuver and ventricular septal defect closure early in life. The patient developed neopulmonary stenosis and branch pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis, for which she underwent patch augmentation and balloon dilatation of the left PA...
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Andriana S Anagnostopoulou, Evangelos S Karanasios, Nicholaos G Eleftherakis
Aortic arch interruption is a rare cardiac malformation. In some cases, it is part of a more complex congenital heart disease. Survival of extremely low birth weight infants with this cardiac disease is very rare. Surgical correction is the only treatment. Ductal stenting as a bridge procedure in small affected infants is a good alternative.
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Bhargavi Dhulipudi, Shweta Bakhru, Jagadeesh R Singh, Nageswara Rao Koneti
Percutaneous transcatheter closure of fossa ovalis atrial septal defect (FOASD) is an established procedure. When femoral venous approach is unfeasible due to interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) or occluded femoral veins, other interventional methods through transjugular, transhepatic approach, or surgical closure can be performed. We report two cases of transhepatic device closure of FOASD associated with IVC interruption successfully performed without any complications.
March 2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Ravi V Vegulla, Animesh Tandon, Jebaraj Rathinaswamy, Kotturathu Mammen Cherian, Tarique Hussain, John S Murala
INTRODUCTION: Preserved congenital heart specimens are an important component of training professionals working with children and adults with congenital heart disease. They are curated in few institutions worldwide and not freely accessible. This was a proof-of-concept project to explore the use of advanced cardiac imaging modalities (computed tomography [CT] and magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) and virtual reality (VR) simulation to assess the feasibility and identify the best method of imaging curated cardiac pathology specimens...
2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Radhika Uppal, Nikunj R Shekhada, Sairam Palaparthi, Suman Vyas, Byalal Raghavendrarao Jagannath
What do we call a vascular structure that is in the left pneumopericardial space, drains systemic venous blood, and the total pulmonary venous return, into the right atrium, through a dilated coronary sinus (CS)? Can we preserve the CS drainage while correcting the total anomalous pulmonary venous connection?
2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Sarosh P Batlivala, Eiméar McGovern, Bryan H Goldstein
Congenital portosystemic venous connections are rare vascular anomalies that connect the portal and systemic venous circulations. These vascular lesions can lead to complex and varied physiologic manifestations in single-ventricle patients as they progress through the various stages of palliation in the Fontan pathway. Specifically, these connections may be unmasked after a superior cavopulmonary anastomosis operation, but then "re-masked" after Fontan completion. We describe the complex physiology with an illustrative case report and present a novel method to unmask these pathologic connections after Fontan completion to facilitate transcatheter occlusion and resolve downstream symptoms...
2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Balakumar Karippaliyil, Milind Karippaliyil, Lisha Karippaliyil
BACKGROUND: A representational illustrated cardiac schema is useful for understanding and interpreting normal and abnormal fetal echocardiographic findings. AIM: Normal and abnormal fetal echocardiographic images can be better appreciated with the support of sectional schemas. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An attempt is made to include normal and abnormal variations in both grayscale and color images for easy understanding with the help of the schemas...
2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Jigisha Chandrakant Pujara, Guriqbal Singh, Sunil Ninama, Satbir Kaur Agrawal, Kamayani Shukla, Jigar Surti
BACKGROUND: Lung recruitment techniques are employed to help in improvement of pulmonary mechanics, facilitate early weaning, and shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation. We are reporting a novel lung recruitment technique employed in four children with left lung atelectasis, who underwent corrective surgery for congenital heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2020 to March 2021, four pediatric cardiac patients having left lung atelectasis, undergoing corrective surgery were subjected to lung recruitment technique and had elective endobronchial intubation and suctioning with chest physiotherapy in the form of vibration and percussion...
2022: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
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