Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Gadolinium-Based Nanoparticles Sensitize Ovarian Peritoneal Carcinomatosis to Targeted Radionuclide Therapy.

Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy (5-y overall survival rate, 46%). OC is generally detected when it has already spread to the peritoneal cavity (peritoneal carcinomatosis). This study investigated whether gadolinium-based nanoparticles (Gd-NPs) increase the efficacy of targeted radionuclide therapy using [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab (an antibody against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2). Gd-NPs have radiosensitizing effects in conventional external-beam radiotherapy and have been tested in clinical phase II trials. Methods: First, the optimal activity of [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab (10, 5, or 2.5 MBq) combined or not with 10 mg of Gd-NPs (single injection) was investigated in athymic mice bearing intraperitoneal OC cell (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive) tumor xenografts. Next, the therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of 5 MBq of [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab with Gd-NPs (3 administration regimens) were evaluated. NaCl, trastuzumab plus Gd-NPs, and [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab alone were used as controls. Biodistribution and dosimetry were determined, and Monte Carlo simulation of energy deposits was performed. Lastly, Gd-NPs' subcellular localization and uptake, and the cytotoxic effects of the combination, were investigated in 3 cancer cell lines to obtain insights into the involved mechanisms. Results: The optimal [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab activity when combined with Gd-NPs was 5 MBq. Moreover, compared with [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab alone, the strongest therapeutic efficacy (tumor mass reduction) was obtained with 2 injections of 5 mg of Gd-NPs/d (separated by 6 h) at 24 and 72 h after injection of 5 MBq of [177 Lu]Lu-DOTA-trastuzumab. In vitro experiments showed that Gd-NPs colocalized with lysosomes and that their radiosensitizing effect was mediated by oxidative stress and inhibited by deferiprone, an iron chelator. Exposure of Gd-NPs to 177 Lu increased the Auger electron yield but not the absorbed dose. Conclusion: Targeted radionuclide therapy can be combined with Gd-NPs to increase the therapeutic effect and reduce the injected activities. As Gd-NPs are already used in the clinic, this combination could be a new therapeutic approach for patients with ovarian peritoneal carcinomatosis.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app