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Associations between central pulse pressure, microvascular endothelial function, and fluid overload in peritoneal dialysis patients.

BACKGROUND: Microcirculatory endothelial dysfunction is a complex phenomenon that contributes to the development of cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between microcirculatory endothelial dysfunction and macrovascular disease remains incompletely understood. Fluid overload is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Therefore, we investigated the effects of chronic fluid overload on both the microcirculation and macrocirculation in these patients.

METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis were included in this cross-sectional study. We measured their central blood pressure and pulse wave velocity, assessed their microvascular endothelial function using drug-induced iontophoresis with laser Doppler flowmetry, and determined the amount of fluid overload using bioimpedance. We conducted a Spearman correlation analysis, univariate analysis, and stepwise multivariate regression models to determine the associations among the hemodynamic parameters.

RESULTS: Acetylcholine-induced iontophoresis with laser Doppler flowmetry showed a correlation with both brachial and central pulse pressure (PP), but not with pulse wave velocity. Fluid overload was associated with both central and brachial PP and remained an independent predictor of central PP even after adjusting for multiple factors. However, fluid overload was not associated with microcirculatory endothelial function.

CONCLUSION: In peritoneal dialysis patients, we observed a significant association between central PP and microvascular endothelial function, indicating a connection between macrocirculation and microcirculation. However, conclusive evidence regarding fluid overload as a mediator between these circulatory systems is lacking. Further research is needed to investigate this relationship.

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