Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Right Ventricle Response to Major Lung Resection (the RIVER Study).

BACKGROUNDS: Major lung resection is associated with high postoperative morbidity and mortality, especially due to cardiorespiratory complications. Right ventricle (RV) ejection, pulmonary artery (PA) pressure, and tone are tightly coupled. Since the RV is exquisitely sensitive to changes in afterload, an acute increase in RV outflow resistance (i.e., acute pulmonary embolism [PE]) will cause acute RV dilatation and, a reduction of left ventricle compliance too, rapidly spiraling to acute cardiogenic shock and death. We investigated the changing in RV performance after major lung resection.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) aiming at searching for the incidence of early RV systolic dysfunction (defined as tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion [TAPSE] <17 cm, S'-tissue Doppler imaging <10 cm/s) and estimate the RV-PA coupling by the TAPSE/pulmonary artery pressures (PAPs) ratio after major lung resection. The TTE has been performed before and immediately after surgery.

RESULTS: After the end of the operation the echocardiographic parameters of the RV function worsened. TAPSE decreased from 24 (21 ÷ 28) to 18 (16 ÷ 22) mm ( P = 0.015) and PAPs increased from 26 (25 ÷ 30) to 30 (25 ÷ 39) mmHg ( P = 0.013). TAPSE/PAPs ratio decreased from 0.85 (0.80 ÷ 0.90) to 0.64 (0.54 ÷ 0.79) mm/mmHg ( P = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: In line with previous reports, after major lung resection the increase in afterload reduces the RV function, but the impairment remains clinically not relevant. The different clinical picture of an acute cor pulmonale due to PE implies that the pathogenesis of cardiac failure involves more pathways than the mere mechanic occlusion of the blood flow.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app