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Journal of Cardiovascular Echography

Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Muzaffer Kahyaoğlu, Ahmet Guner, Cetin Gecmen
Atrial septal defect is the most common congenital lesion in adults following bicuspid aortic valve. There are two closure strategies as follows: one surgical and the other percutaneous. Various complications such as atrial arrhythmias and development of thrombus have been reported after surgical closure. Herein, we present a case of right atrial thrombi formed at different localizations in the right atrium in a patient who was asymptomatic and diagnosed late.
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Gaurav Agrawal, Sitaraman Radhakrishnan
Here, we describe the case of a 9-month-old male child who was diagnosed with a very unusual and rare variety of mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Grazia Casavecchia, Matteo Gravina, Stefano Zicchino, Enrico Moranti, Andrea Cuculo, Luca Macarini, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti
Papillary fibroelastoma is a rare benign cardiac tumor, second after cardiac myxoma as more frequent cardiac valvular tumor. The therapy is usually based on surgery according to size, mobility, symptoms, and risks of surgery. We report the case of a 67-year old female with transient ischemic attack. Echocardiography showed the presence of a round mobile formation localized on the atrial side of septal leaflets of tricuspid valve, first identified as an endocarditis vegetation. Cardiac magnetic resonance (cMRI) confirmed the presence of the mass and showed an isointense signal in T1-turbo spin echo sequences, hypointense in cine steady-state free precession and in first-pass sequences, and hyperintense in T2 and phase-sensitive inversion recovery with central hypointense core, with a suspected diagnosis of fibroelastoma...
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Enrico Melillo, Luigi Ascione, Giuseppe Palmiero, Valentina Maria Caso, Pio Caso
Cardiotoxicity related to antineoplastic agents is a rising and growing issue, therefore early recognition and prompt management can impact on the overall prognosis of cancer patients. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman without cardiovascular risk factors, with a medical history of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic myeloid leukemia treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis and cardiac resynchronization therapy for further development of complete left bundle branch block, with a significant improvement of her functional status and left ventricle systolic function in a long-term follow-up...
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Martino Deidda, Christian Cadeddu Dessalvi, Selina Campus, Francesco Ortu, Paolo Piano, Pier Paolo Bassareo, Giuseppe Mercuro
Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may also be associated with cardiac dysfunction, thus negatively affecting patients' morbidity and mortality. This preliminary study aimed at evaluating whether bi-and three-dimensional (3D) strain echocardiographic facilities were able to identify alterations in the right ventricular (RV) function in highly selected - because free from cardiovascular risk factors and other comorbidities - HIV patients. Materials and Methods: Eight of these specific HIV patients (age: 32...
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Enrico Calogero, Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Veronica Santini, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Rossella Di Stefano, Fabio Galetta, Ferdinando Sartucci, Giuseppe Penno, Raffaella Berchiolli, Mauro Ferrari, Dania Cioni, Vinicio Napoli, Raffaele De Caterina, Vitantonio Di Bello, Davide Caramella
The introduction of three-dimensional echography (3D echo) in vascular field is not recent, but it still remains a seldom-used technique because of the costs of ultrasound probe and the need of dedicated laboratories. Therefore, despite significant prognostic implications, the high diagnostic accuracy in plaque definition, and the relative ease of use, 3D echo in vascular field is a niche technique. The purpose of this review is mainly clinical and intends to demonstrate the potential strength of a 3D approach, including technical aspects, in order to present to clinicians and imagers the appealing aspects of a noninvasive and radiation-free methodology with relevant diagnostic and prognostic correlates in the assessment of carotid atherosclerosis...
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Andreina Carbone, Antonello D'Andrea, Giancarlo Scognamiglio, Raffaella Scarafile, Gianpaolo Tocci, Simona Sperlongano, Francesca Martone, Juri Radmilovic, Marianna D'Amato, Biagio Liccardo, Marino Scherillo, Maurizio Galderisi, Paolo Golino
Mitral valve prolapse is generally a benign condition characterized by fibromyxomatous changes of the mitral leaflet with displacement into the left atrium and late-systolic regurgitation. Although it is an old clinical entity, it still arouses perplexity in diagnosis and clinical management. Complications, such as mitral regurgitation (MR), atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, endocarditis, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death (SCD), have been reported. A large proportion of the overall causes of SCD in young competitive athletes is explained by mitral valve prolapse...
October 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Biswajit Majumder, Pritam Kumar Chatterjee, Sharmistha Chatterjee, K N Sudeep
A 33-year-old gentleman was examined because of fatigue and progressive right heart failure. A striking finding in his echocardiogram was intense and slow-moving dense echo contrast in the inferior vena cava (IVC). Cardiac catheterization revealed constrictive pericarditis, and pericardiectomy was performed. Postoperatively spontaneous echo contrast in IVC have resolved. This case helps explain the origin of spontaneous IVC contrast.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Arindam Sharma, Neeraja Yedlapati, Tamunoinemi Bob-Manuel, Timothy Woods, Daniel Donovan, Uzoma N Ibebuogu
Acute rupture of sinus of Valsalva often presents as an acute emergency with significant hemodynamic compromise whereas contained rupture of sinus of Valsalva with a perivalvular hematoma formation is rarely seen. We describe the case of a 63-year-old male who presented with acute shortness of breath and was found to have rupture of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) with a perivalvular hematoma and severe aortic regurgitation. We also review the presentation, diagnosis, and management of SVAs.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Genevieve E Staudt, Amy G Fiedler, George Tolis, David M Dudzinski, Scott C Streckenbach
Primary cardiac tumors are rare, present in roughly 0.05% of the population. Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is the second most common, accounting for 10% of primary cardiac tumors.[1] Most cases of CPFs are discovered incidentally on autopsy; however, they may present clinically with systemic embolization or heart failure symptoms. The recommended treatment for symptomatic CPF patients is surgical resection.[1] Treatment in asymptomatic patients remains somewhat controversial with incidentally discovered tumors presenting a clinical dilemma...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Yoshiaki Uda, Leonid Minkovich, Maral Ouzounian, Massimiliano Meineri
Aortic valve (AV) or aortic root thrombus related to a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a relatively uncommon but potentially life-threatening complication. In the present report, we describe a complex case where echocardiographic diagnosis of AV thrombosis was obscured by the presence of mediastinal packing in a patient who underwent valve-sparing aortic root replacement and insertion of the CentriMag™ LVAD for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. A large AV thrombus may develop rapidly in patients with LVADs...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Robert Tonks, David Perkel, Aimee Wehber, Bret Rogers
This case report describes a rare case of ventricular septal defect due to non-penetrating trauma in a 43 year old male involved in a motor vehicle collision. The diagnosis was made by echocardiogram and the patient was taken immediately to the operating room for emergent surgical repair of the ventricular septal defect and survived.
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Chrysanthos Grigoratos, Giancarlo Todiere, Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Andrea Barison
Cardiac palpitations secondary to ventricular ectopic beats are a frequent clinical indication for a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) scan. CMR has already demonstrated its additive diagnostic value in patients with frequent arrhythmias even when echocardiogram appears normal. Hereby, we describe a case of a middle-aged male patient referred to our laboratory because of frequent ventricular ectopic beats and an inconclusive echocardiogram due to an extremely poor acoustic window. A diagnosis of pericardial agenesis (PA) was made explaining patient symptoms and arrhythmias previously detected...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Claudia Zanetti, Riccardo M Inciardi, Fabio Benedetti, Andrea Rossi
We describe a case of a 21-year-old male, with a history of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, referred to our department for atypical chest pain and dyspnea. Echocardiography revealed an extensive mass involving right cardiac chambers and tricuspid valve annulus, with increased thickness and impairment of right ventricle. Cardiac magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of cardiac mass involving pulmonary artery trunk, pericardial sleeves, and lung parenchyma...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Chiara Bencini, Giovanni Corrado, Claudia Borghi, Stefano Carugo
Left ventricular clefts (LVCs) are defined as deep, tight blood-filled invaginations within the ventricular myocardium localized predominantly in the basal posterior septum and LV-free wall. Usually, they are asymptomatic and incidentally discovered during diagnostic imaging procedures. LVC has been reported both in healthy volunteers and in patients affected with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clinicians should be able to recognize LVC and to distinguish this entity from other myocardial wall defects with different pathological profile and clinical significance...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Yazdan Ghandi, Danial Habibi, Elham Farahani
Background: The mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) are parameters for evaluating systolic function, which is directly affected by ventricular morphology and geometry. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study in term and preterm neonates calculated TAPSE and MAPSE at the lateral and septal (LAT/SEP) mitral. The study groups were divided into three classes based on birth age: two preterm groups, 30-33 weeks and 34-37 weeks, and one term group, 38-40 weeks...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Yalcin Hacioglu, Turgut Karabag, Mehmet Emin Piskinpasa, Fettah Sametoglu, Yasin Yuksel
Background: The study explored the effect of severe Vitamin D deficiency on cardiac functions and aortic elastic properties determined by echocardiography. Patients and Methods: It included 56 patients with Vitamin D deficiency (Group 1; 16 men, 40 women; mean age 43.1 ± 11.4 years) and 42 healthy individuals with normal Vitamin D levels (Group 2; 11 men, 31 women; mean age 40.0 ± 7.5 years). Calcium, parathormone, alkaline phosphatase, and Vitamin D levels were measured from blood samples, and all participants underwent echocardiographic examination...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Wanda Deste, Simona Gulino, Paolo Zappulla, Federica Iacono, Rita Sicuso, Antonino Indelicato, P Ines Monte, Giulia Rapisarda, Danilo Trovato, Arianna Cirasa, Carmelo Sgroi, Marco Barbanti, Corrado Tamburino
Background: A lot of studies have shown a positive effect of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Objectives: We aimed to investigate the effect of TAVI on left ventricular function and correlate this phenomenon with hypertrophy degree in an early follow-up. Materials and Methods: Between August 2015 and July 2016, 250 consecutive patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) underwent TAVI in our institution...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
Rosaley D Prakaschandra, Datshana P Naidoo
Background: We sought to determine the association of echocardiographically derived epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness, which is a component of visceral adipose tissue, with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a cohort of randomly selected community participants. Methods: South African-Asian Indians aged 15-64 years were recruited over a 2-year period after informed consent was obtained. All participants who had complete measurements done for biochemistry and echocardiography (using established criteria), were dichotomized into the MetS or non-MetS groups defined according to the harmonized criteria...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
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