Impaired hepatic lipid metabolism and biomarkers in fatty liver disease.
The liver plays a crucial role in lipid metabolism and metabolic homeostasis. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide and currently has no specific treatments. Lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, exercise, and dietary changes are recommended to reduce the risk factors associated with the disease. Oxidized cholesterol products, some phospholipids and diacylglycerols can activate inflammatory pathways and contribute to the progression to Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis. Monitoring the whole plasma and liver lipidome may provide insights into the onset, development, and prevention of inflammatory-related diseases. As Lipid Droplets (LDs) represent augmented lipid reservoirs in NAFLD, new developments are being made on different therapies focused on LD associated proteins modulation (seipin, PLIN-2), as well as LD lipophagy mechanisms. The information covered in this publication provides an overview of the available research on lipid biomarkers linked to NAFLD and can be used to guide the development of future pharmacological therapies.
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