Antonin Tidu, Franck Martin
Translation initiation consists in the assembly of the small and large ribosomal subunits on the start codon. This important step directly modulates the general proteome in living cells. Recently, genome wide studies revealed unexpected translation initiation events from unsuspected novel open reading frames resulting in the synthesis of a so-called 'dark proteome'. Indeed, the identification of the start codon by the translation machinery is a critical step that defines the translational landscape of the cell...
September 21, 2023: Biochimie
Shane M Carey, Sean P Kearns, Matthew E Millington, Gregory S Buechner, Beda E Alvarez, Leily Daneshian, Brendan Abiskaroon, Maksymilian Chruszcz, Edward L D'Antonio
The hole mutagenesis approach was used to interrogate the importance of F337 in Trypanosoma cruzi glucokinase (TcGlcK) in order to understand the complete set of binding interactions that are made by d-glucosamine analogue inhibitors containing aromatic tail groups that can extend to the outer part of the active site. An interesting inhibitor of this analogue class includes 2-N-carboxybenzyl-2-deoxy-d-glucosamine (CBZ-GlcN), which exhibits strong TcGlcK binding with a Ki of 710 nM. The residue F337 is found at the outer part of the active site that stems from the second protein subunit of the homodimeric assembly...
September 21, 2023: Biochimie
Marie Rose Ndella Thiaw, Pascal Gantet
Mini zinc fingers constitute a class of microproteins that appeared early in evolution and expanded in seeds plants. In this review, the phylogenetic history, the functions and the mode of action of MIFs in plants are reported and discussed. It appears that mini zinc finger microproteins play an important role in the control of plant development. They are involved in the control of cell division and expansion and in the switch between the determinate/indeterminate state of the meristems. They are involved in the regulation of vegetative growth and floral organ development...
September 16, 2023: Biochimie
Konstantin N Bulygin, Alexey A Malygin, Dmitri M Graifer
Ribosomal protein eL42 (formerly known as L36A), a small protein of the large (60S) subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome, is a component of its exit (E) site. The residue K53 of this protein resides within the motif QSGYGGQTK mainly conserved in eukaryotes, and it is located in the immediate vicinity of the CCA-terminus of the ribosome-bound tRNA in the hybrid P/E state. To examine the role of this eL42 motif in translation, we obtained HEK293T cells producing the wild-type FLAG-tagged protein or its mutant forms with either single substitutions of conserved amino acid residues in the above motif, or simultaneous replacements in positions 45 and 51 or 45 and 53...
September 14, 2023: Biochimie
M Jaquet, M Bengue, K Lambert, G Carnac, D Missé, C Bisbal
Changes to our environment have led to the emergence of human pathogens such as chikungunya virus. Chikungunya virus infection is today a major public health concern. It is a debilitating chronic disease impeding patients' mobility, affecting millions of people. Disease development relies on skeletal muscle infection. The importance of skeletal muscle in chikungunya virus infection led to the hypothesis that it could serve as a viral reservoir and could participate to virus persistence. Here we questioned the interconnection between skeletal muscle cells metabolism, their differentiation stage and the infectivity of the chikungunya virus...
September 14, 2023: Biochimie
Francisco Romero-Gavilán, Iñaki García-Arnáez, Andreia Cerqueira, Carlos Arias-Mainer, Mikel Azkargorta, Félix Elortza, Raúl Izquierdo, Mariló Gurruchaga, Isabel Goñi, Julio Suay
In vitro tests using bone cells to evaluate the osteogenic potential of biomaterials usually employ the osteogenic medium (OM). The lack of correlation frequently reported between in vitro and in vivo studies in bone biomaterials, makes necessary the evaluation of the impact of osteogenic supplements on these results. This study analysed the proteomic profiles of human osteoblasts (HOb) cultured in the media with and without osteogenic agents (ascorbic acid and β-glycerol phosphate). The cells were incubated for 1 and 7 days, on their own or in contact with Ti...
September 14, 2023: Biochimie
Jonathan Heiler Hernández-Prieto, Viviane Paula Martini, Jorge Iulek
The pathogen Paracoccidioides lutzii (Pb01) is found in South America countries Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Brazil, especially in the central, west, and north regions of the latter. It belongs to the Ajellomycetaceae family, Onygenales order, and is typically thermodimorphic, presenting yeast cells when it grows in animal tissues, but mycelia when in the environment, where it produces the infectious propagule. Moreover, this fungus is one of the etiologic agents of Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), the most important endemic fungal infection in Latin America...
September 12, 2023: Biochimie
Jing Li, Dezheng Guo, Jinhao Bai, Hongfang Wang, Chen Wang, Ying Wang, Xingqi Guo, Baohua Xu, Zhenguo Liu
Environmental pollution has gained negative attention in recent years. The pesticides and heavy metals are top list of environmental toxicants directly endangering the survival and development of Apis cerana cerana. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are heteromeric serine/threonine kinases that participate in cell cycle regulation and have a vital role in pesticide and heavy metal stress in Apis cerana cerana. In this experiment, we filtered out CDK8 gene from Apis cerana cerana (AccCDK8) and investigated its functions of pesticide and heavy metals resistance...
September 11, 2023: Biochimie
Alfonso Pepe, Florencia Rocio Tito, Maria Gabriela Guevara
The aims of this study are to characterize the antiplatelet activity of StSBTc-3, a potato serine protease with fibrino(geno) lytic activity, and to provide information on its mechanism of action. The results obtained show that StSBTc-3 inhibits clot retraction and prevents platelet aggregation induced by thrombin, convulxin, and A23187. Platelet aggregation inhibition occurs in a dose-dependent manner and is not affected by inactivation of StSBTc-3 with the inhibitor of serine proteases phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF)...
September 11, 2023: Biochimie
Nil Gaudu, Orion Farr, Georges Ona-Nguema, Simon Duval
Liposomes are versatile lipid-based vesicles with interesting physicochemical properties, making them excellent candidates for interdisciplinary applications in the medicinal, biological, and environmental sciences. The synthesis of mineral-liposome hybrid systems lends normally inert vesicles with the catalytic, magnetic, electrical, and optical properties of the integrated mineral species. Such applications require an understanding of the physicochemical interactions between organic molecules and inorganic crystal structures...
September 10, 2023: Biochimie
Natalia Nikitchina, Egor Ulashchik, Vadim Shmanai, Anne-Marie Heckel, Ivan Tarassov, Ilya Mazunin, Nina Entelis
Mitochondrial gene editing holds great promise as a therapeutic approach for mitochondrial diseases caused by mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Current strategies focus on reducing mutant mtDNA heteroplasmy levels through targeted cleavage or base editing. However, the delivery of editing components into mitochondria remains a challenge. Here we investigate the import of CRISPR-Cas12a system guide RNAs (crRNAs) into human mitochondria and study the structural requirements for this process by northern blot analysis of RNA isolated from nucleases-treated mitoplasts...
September 8, 2023: Biochimie
Anika Kleine, Matthias Kühle, Joachim Kuhn, Thanh-Diep Ly, Vanessa Schmidt, Isabel Faust-Hinse, Cornelius Knabbe, Bastian Fischer
Xylosyltransferase-I and -II (XT-I, -II) possess a central role during the glycosylation of proteoglycans (PGs). They catalyze the formation of a O-glycosidic bond between the xylosyl residue of uridinediphosphate-xylose and the core protein of a PG. Thereafter, three following glycosyltransferases lead to the generation of a tetrasaccharide linker, which connects the PG core protein to the respective glycosaminoglycan. The selective quantification of XT-I and XT-II activity is of biological and clinical interest due to their association with fibrotic processes and skeletal dysplasia...
September 7, 2023: Biochimie
Andrea Eisenreichová, Jana Humpolíčková, Bartosz Różycki, Evzen Boura, Alena Koukalová
Lipid biosensors are molecular tools used both in vivo and in vitro applications, capable of selectively detecting specific types of lipids in biological membranes. However, despite their extensive use, there is a lack of systematic characterization of their binding properties in various membrane conditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of membrane properties, such as fluidity and membrane charge, on the sensitivity of two lipid biosensors, LactC2 and P4M, to their target lipids, phosphatidylserine (PS) or phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P), respectively...
September 6, 2023: Biochimie
John E Cronan
Unsaturated phospholipid acyl chains are required for membrane function in most bacteria. The double bonds of the cis monoenoic chains arise by two distinct pathways depending on whether oxygen is required. The oxygen-independent pathway (traditionally called the anaerobic pathway) introduces the cis double bond by isomerization of the trans double bond intermediate of the fatty acid elongation cycle. Double bond isomerization occurs at an intermediate chain length (e.g., C10) and the isomerization product is elongated to the C16-C18 chains that become phospholipid monoenoic acyl chains...
September 6, 2023: Biochimie
Ophélie Dézé, Delfina Ordanoska, Delphine Rossille, Emma Miglierina, Brice Laffleur, Michel Cogné
Immunoglobulin (Ig) genes carry the unique ability to be reshaped in peripheral B lymphocytes after these cells encounter a specific antigen. B cells can then further improve their affinity, acquire new functions as memory cells and eventually end up as antibody-secreting cells. Ig class switching is an important change that occurs in this context, thanks to local DNA lesions initiated by the enzyme activation-induced deaminase (AID). Several cis-acting elements of the Ig heavy (IgH) chain locus make it accessible to the AID-mediated lesions that promote class switch recombination (CSR)...
September 5, 2023: Biochimie
Marion Papin, Ana Maria Bouchet, Aurélie Chantôme, Christophe Vandier
Ether-lipids (EL) are specific lipids bearing a characteristic sn-1 ether bond. Depending on the ether or vinyl-ether nature of this bond, they are present as alkyl- or alkenyl-EL, respectively. Among EL, alkenyl-EL, also referred as plasmalogens in the literature, attract most of the scientific interest as they are the predominant EL species in eukaryotic cells, thus less is known about alkyl-EL. EL have been implicated in various signaling pathways and alterations in their quantity are frequently observed in pathologies such as neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases or cancer...
September 5, 2023: Biochimie
Renato Ferras Penteado, Jorge Iulek
Rickettsia typhi is the causative agent of murine typhus (endemic typhus), a febrile illness that can be self-contained, though in some cases it can progress to death. The three dimensional structure of Methionyl-tRNA Synthetase from R. typhi (RtMetRS) in complex with its substrate l-methionine was solved by molecular replacement and refined at 2.30 Å resolution in space group P1 from one X-ray diffraction dataset. Processing and refinement trials were decisive to establish the lower symmetry space group and indicated the presence of twining with four domains...
September 4, 2023: Biochimie
Xiao-Mi Sun, Asami Yoshida, Takuya Ishii, Yan-Rong Jiang, Yi-Li Gao, Mikinori Ueno, Katsuya Hirasaka, Kiyoshi Osatomi
Edwardsiellosis is one of the most important bacterial diseases in fish, sometimes causing extensive economic losses in the aquaculture industry. Our previous studies demonstrated that the Cu,Zn-SOD (sod1) activity has significantly increased in Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, hepatopancreas infected by causative bacteria of edwardsiellosis Edwardsiella tarda NUF251. In this study, NUF251 stimulated intracellular superoxide radical production in mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells, which was reduced by N-acetylcysteine...
September 2, 2023: Biochimie
Pauline Lejault, Louis Prudent, Michel-Pierre Terrier, Jean-Pierre Perreault
RNA G-quadruplexes (rG4) have recently emerged as major regulatory elements in both mRNA and non-coding RNA. In order to investigate the biological roles of rG4 structures, chemists have developed a variety of highly specific and potent ligands. All of these ligands bind to the rG4s by stacking on top of them. The binding specificity is demonstrated by comparison to other structures such as duplex or three-way junctions. It remains unclear whether rG4-ligands merely stabilize fully formed rG4 structures, or if they actively participate in the folding of the rG4 structure through their association with an unfolded RNA sequence...
September 2, 2023: Biochimie
Mona Saad, Rongxin Zhang, Anne Cucchiarini, Cybel Mehawej, Jean-Louis Mergny, Mohamad Mroueh, Wissam H Faour
The majority of drugs are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, primarily belonging to the CYP1, CYP2 and CYP3 families. Genetic variations are the main cause of inter-individual differences in drug response, which constitutes a major concern in pharmacotherapy. G-quadruplexes (G4s), are non-canonical DNA and RNA secondary structures formed by guanine-rich sequences. G4s have been implicated in cancer and gene regulation. In this study, we investigated putative G4-forming sequences (PQSs) in the CYP genes...
September 1, 2023: Biochimie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.