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Causes of Middle Ear Aural Polyps in Adult Patients from Kut and Diwaniyah Cities in Iraq.

BACKGROUND: Aural polyps consider as one of the most notable progressive lesions of middle ear. Chronic otitis media can result in development of aural polyps that ascends from the tympanic cavity outwards to the external auditory canal, leading to tympanic membrane perforation and hearing loss. Morbidity and mortality are usually rare, however, failure of diagnosis or prolonged negligence by the patient could increase the likelihood of cholesteatoma or malignant squamous carcinoma.

AIM: To investigate the causes of middle ear aural polyps in adult patients selected from Kut and Diwaniyah cities in Iraq.

METHODOLOGY: 40 patients which of those 14 males and 26 females were included in this study based upon the clinical manifestation of the illness and the suffering from a mass in the tympanic cavity, partial or complete hearing loss, otorrhea and dizziness. Otoscope was used to confirm location, shape, size of the polyps, and the status of the tympanic membrane.

RESULTS: The mean age of the involved patients in the study was (44.65 ± 10.9) years. Age range was between (20-60) years. The highest frequency of patients with aural polyps was seen in patients at their third to fifth decade of age. There were 14(35%) men, and 26(65%) women. Findings showed that mean age of men was (44.07 ± 13.7) years, and women was (44.96 ± 9.4) years, (p=0.405). Clinical examination revealed 27(67.5%) patients with cholesteatoma, 10(25%) with inflamed mass in the middle ear, and 3(7.5%) were with cancerous tumor. Correlative analysis showed no significant correlation between age and causes of aural polyps (p=0.664), and no correlation between sex and causes of aural polyps (p=0.524).

CONCLUSION: Aural polyps are rare disease in Iraqi patients. However, treating and monitoring patients with ongoing chronic otitis media is essential in preventing the development of aural masses in middle ear and other complications if left untreated. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent reoccurrence and other complications.

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