Emergent Hemodialysis Followed by Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: A Management Challenge in a Patient With Life-Threatening Metabolic Acidosis of Multifactorial Etiology

Amman Yousaf, Bilal Malik, Basel Abdelazeem, Arvind Kunadi
Curēus 2022, 14 (3): e23689
Metabolic acidosis is a frequently encountered laboratory finding in daily clinical practice. Rapid pH correction is almost always preferred and necessary while performing workup to identify the causative factors. We present the case of a 73-year-old male presenting with progressive dyspnea and severe metabolic acidosis. He had a pH of 6.6, bicarbonate of 1.8 mg/dL, lactic acid of 18.1 mg/dL, and pCO2 of 14.1 mmHg. The intensivist and nephrologist made a joint decision to rapidly correct the pH using bicarbonate and emergent hemodialysis. Subsequently, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was started, leading to a favorable outcome. Our patient's most likely etiology of lactic acidosis was metformin because he had a very high lactic acid, high anion gap metabolic acidosis, and acute renal failure on presentation. From our case and literature review, we suggest using hemodialysis, CRRT, and bicarbonate replacement for a better prognosis in patients with critical acidosis in view of frank renal failure and concurrent metformin use.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.