Injectable supramolecular gelatin hydrogel loading of resveratrol and histatin-1 for burn wound therapy

Yuanyuan Zheng, Weihao Yuan, Huiling Liu, Shaoshan Huang, Liming Bian, Rui Guo
Biomaterials Science 2020 August 3
Prolonged inflammatory response and insufficient vascularization cause delayed and poor wound healing. In this study, we fabricated a supramolecular host-guest gelatin (HGM) hydrogel loaded with resveratrol (Res) and histatin-1 (His-1) to suppress inflammation and promote vascularization at skin burn wound sites. The HGM hydrogel showed good properties of shear-thinning and injectability, thereby allowing easy in situ injection and fast adaption to irregular wounds. Res and His-1 were demonstrated to enhance angiogenesis in vitro using cell migration and tube formation assays based on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). In an established rat burn wound model, HGM/Res/His-1 hydrogel treatment promoted wound healing by inhibiting expression of the pro-inflammatory factors of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and increasing the expression of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31). HGM/Res/His-1 hydrogel treatment showed comparable efficacy with that of the commercial dressing, Tegaderm™, and therefore shows promising potential for clinical translation.

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