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Biomaterials Science

Chaoli Wang, Peng Chen, Youbei Qiao, Yuan Kang, Songyan Guo, Danfeng Wu, Jian Wang, Hong Wu
With the increase in antibiotic resistance, the development of new antibacterial agents is urgent. Photosensitizers with no detectable resistance are promising antibacterial agents. However, most photosensitizers are insoluble, structurally unstable and ineffective against Gram-negative bacteria due to their negatively charged cell wall that hinder their use. In this study, a novel bacteria-activated photosensitizer ionic liquid was designed and assembled to improve the solubility, stability and antibacterial ability of photodynamic therapy...
February 15, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Wei Tong, Yanhua Xiong, Shun Duan, Xiaokang Ding, Fu-Jian Xu
The design of novel antibacterial materials has attracted increasing attention for combating bacterial infections. Herein, we conjugated zinc(ii) monoamino phthalocyanine (ZnMAPc) to poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) via a ring-opening reaction, and the excess epoxy groups were scavenged by ethylenediamine (ED). The resultant macro-photosensitizer (PGED-Pc) can be easily dispersed in aqueous solution to form self-assembled nanoparticles and generate reactive oxygen species for inactivation of bacteria when exposed to light illumination...
February 14, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Tan Tang, Tujun Weng, Hongxing Jia, Sida Luo, Ye Xu, Liuhe Li, Peipei Zhang
The existence of challenging diseases such as cancers, HIV and Zika requires developing new vaccines that can generate tunable and robust immune responses against the diseases. Biomaterials-based techniques have been broadly explored for designing vaccines that can produce controllable and potent immunity. Among the existing biomaterials-based strategies, the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique is remarkably attractive in vaccine design due to its unique features such as programmed and versatile cargo loading, cargo protection, co-delivery, juxtaposing of immune signals, etc...
February 14, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Huapan Fang, Lin Lin, Jie Chen, Jiayan Wu, Huayu Tian, Xuesi Chen
Polycationic gene carriers are attracting increasing attention for their use as gene delivery systems. Herein, a novel and high-performance polycationic gene carrier (i.e., Zn-DPPA2) was constructed by introducing a dipicolylamine compound along with zinc ion coordination onto polyethylenimine (PEI1.8k) via Schiff base bonds. Zn-DPPA2 exhibited efficient transfection and negligible cytotoxicity. Zn-DPPA2/DNA complexes possessed significant endocytosis efficiency and excellent endosomal escape ability. Additionally, this polycaitionic gene carrier showed an excellent ability as an antiserum...
February 13, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Ann E Kowalski, Lucas B Johnson, Holly K Dierl, Sehoo Park, Thaddaus R Huber, Christopher D Snow
Porous protein crystals provide a template for binding and organizing guest macromolecules. Peroxidase, oxidase, and reductase enzymes immobilized in protein crystals retained activity in single-crystal and bulk assay formats. Several binding strategies, including metal affinity and physical entrapment, were employed to encourage enzyme adsorption into the protein crystals and to retain the enzymes for multiple recycles. Immobilized enzymes had lower activity compared to free enzyme in solution, in part due to diffusion limitations of substrate within the crystal pores...
February 13, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Chanjuan Liu, Changping Ruan, Rui Shi, Bang-Ping Jiang, Shichen Ji, Xing-Can Shen
Indocyanine green (ICG), a multifunctional near-infrared (NIR) imaging agent approved by the FDA, has been extensively used in clinical cancer theranosis, but limited by its inherent instability, short plasma half-life and lack of targeting ability. Herein, an in situ formed photothermal network based thermosensitive hydrogel (PNT-gel) constructed by using supramolecular cross-linking conjugated polymers was developed for the stabilization of ICG and efficient combinatorial photothermal/photodynamic antitumor therapy...
February 13, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Haipeng Zhang, Qin Zhang, Chunshui Liu, Bing Han
Janus nanoparticles (JNPs) have emerged in recent years as new compartmentalized colloids with two sides of different components, chemical properties or morphologies that have opened up a wide range of unique applications in biomedicine. Here, we explored a unique lactobionic acid (LA) modified metallic one-dimensional nanorod/metal organic framework (1D NR/MOF) JNP, the LA-gold NR/zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (LA-AuNR/ZIF-8) JNP, for computed X-ray tomography (CT) image-guided liver cancer targeted synergistic chemo-photothermal theranostics...
February 12, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Man Yang, Han Wang, Zhaohui Wang, Zhihao Han, Yueqing Gu
The efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) was greatly hindered by the use of a 980 nm laser with undesired overheating effects as well as low reactive oxygen species (ROS) yields. Herein, we address these problems using a dual-photosensitizer (PS) loaded upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP) system. In detail, the NaYF4:Yb/Er/Nd@NaYF4:Nd core-shell UCNP system was designed to exhibit 808 nm laser excitation ability to avoid unfavorable thermal effects. More importantly, the co-encapsulation of dual PS, in terms of merocyanine 540 (MC540) and zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc), could be respectively triggered by the dual emissions of UCNPs, which could generate sufficient ROS with improved efficiency...
February 11, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Hongzhao Qi, Lijun Yang, Xueping Li, Xiaolei Sun, Jin Zhao, Xin Hou, Zhaoyang Li, Xubo Yuan, Zhenduo Cui, Xianjin Yang
Accelerating the healing of bone fractures by local delivery of growth factors possessing osteoinductive activity has been extensively demonstrated. Unfortunately, for some complex clinical fractures, such as osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, it is not possible to adopt such a strategy because of access restrictions. Systemic administration of growth factors is considered to be an appropriate alternative method due to its easy operability and precise spatiotemporal compatibility at fracture sites...
February 11, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Elisabet Martí Coma-Cros, Alexandre Lancelot, María San Anselmo, Livia Neves Borgheti-Cardoso, Juan José Valle-Delgado, José Luis Serrano, Xavier Fernàndez-Busquets, Teresa Sierra
Biomaterials for antimalarial drug transport still need to be investigated in order to attain nanocarriers that can tackle essential issues related to malaria treatment, e.g. complying with size requirements and targeting specificity for their entry into Plasmodium-infected red blood cells (pRBCs), and limiting premature drug elimination or drug resistance evolution. Two types of dendritic macromolecule that can form vehicles suitable for antimalarial drug transport are herein explored. A new hybrid dendritic-linear-dendritic block copolymer based on Pluronic® F127 and amino terminated 2,2'-bis(glycyloxymethyl)propionic acid dendrons with a poly(ester amide) skeleton (HDLDBC-bGMPA) and an amino terminated dendronized hyperbranched polymer with a polyester skeleton derived from 2,2'-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid (DHP-bMPA) have provided self-assembled and unimolecular micelles...
February 11, 2019: Biomaterials Science
R Fraioli, S Neubauer, F Rechenmacher, B M Bosch, K Dashnyam, J-H Kim, R A Perez, H-W Kim, F J Gil, M P Ginebra, J M Manero, H Kessler, C Mas-Moruno
In this communication we report that anchoring αvβ3 or α5β1 integrin-selective RGD peptidomimetics to titanium efficiently tunes mesenchymal stem cell response in vitro and bone growth in rat calvarial defects. Our results demonstrate that this molecular chemistry-derived approach could be successful to engineer instructive coatings for orthopedic applications.
February 8, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Joon Eoh, Luo Gu
The emergence of the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system has brought much hope and excitement to the field of gene therapy and the larger scientific community. However, in order for CRISPR-based therapies to be translated to the clinical setting, there is an urgent need to develop optimized vectors for their delivery. The delivery vector is a crucial determinant of the therapeutic efficacy of gene editing and should be designed to accommodate various factors including the form of the payload, the physiological environment, and the potential immune responses...
February 8, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Kuang-Jing Huang, Yau-Huei Wei, Yen-Chi Chiu, Shang-Rung Wu, Dar-Bin Shieh
Addressing nanomedicine resistance is critical for its ultimate clinical success; despite this, advancing the therapeutic designs for cancer therapy are rarely discussed in the literature. In this study, we discovered that ferroptosis is the central mechanism governing the therapeutic efficacy and resistance of treatment with zero-valent iron nanoparticles (ZVI NPs). In ZVI-sensitive oral cancer cells, ZVI NPs-induced ferroptosis was characterized by mitochondrial lipid peroxidation and reduced levels of glutathione peroxidases (GPx) in subcellular organelles...
February 8, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Mingxia Lu, Claire E Henry, Haiwang Lai, Yee Yee Khine, Caroline E Ford, Martina H Stenzel
INTRODUCTION: Ovarian cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage, when disease has spread to extra-pelvic regions such as the omentum. There are limited treatment options available for women with extensive disease and tumours often relapse after current chemotherapy regimens. Therefore, novel drugs should be investigated for the treatment of ovarian cancer. A 3D organotypic model of ovarian cancer can provide a specific platform for the evaluation of nano-drugs. Using patient derived primary cells, the 3D model mimics the ovarian metastatic microenvironment allowing efficient and reproducible testing of many nanoparticles...
February 6, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Zhouxiang Zhao, Chunmei Ding, Yaqin Wang, Hong Tan, Jianshu Li
Traditional antibacterial treatments, such as chlorhexidine (CHX), destroy cariogenic biofilms. However, they exert negative effects in clinical applications, for example, teeth staining, taste disturbance and harm to oral tissue after a long-term exposure. Therefore, biocompatible strategies for efficient antibacterial drug delivery are in high demand. In this study, aimed at dental caries therapy enhancement, we designed a pH-responsive nanocarrier system, capable of releasing CHX in an acidic environment within cariogenic biofilms...
February 6, 2019: Biomaterials Science
André F Girão, María C Serrano, António Completo, Paula A A P Marques
During the past few years, graphene has outstandingly emerged as a key nanomaterial for boosting the performance of commercial, industrial and scientific related technologies. The popularity of this novel nanomaterial in biomedical engineering is due to its excellent biological, electronic, optical and thermal properties that, as a whole, surpass the features of commonly used biomaterials and consequently open a wide range of applications so far within the reach of science fiction. In this minireview, the potential of graphene and its based materials in the expanding biomedical field is highlighted with focus on groundbreaking diagnostic, monitoring and therapeutic strategies...
February 5, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Zheyu Song, Xiao Liang, Yudi Wang, Haobo Han, Jiebing Yang, Xuedong Fang, Quanshun Li
In the present research, a tumor-targeted gene carrier, PPP, was constructed through the modification of phenylboronic acid onto the surface of a polyamidoamine dendrimer, and then miR-34a delivery was employed as a model to evaluate its anti-tumor efficacy. The carrier PPP was identified to possess favorable miR-34a binding and condensation ability and meanwhile protect miR-34a against nuclease degradation. Through confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry analysis, PPP-mediated cellular uptake of miR-34a was found to proceed through a sialic acid-dependent endocytosis pathway and the nanoparticles could achieve endosome/lysosome escape within 6 h...
February 5, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Xinyu Li, Qianqian Liu, Dashuai Zhu, Yongzhe Che, Xizeng Feng
Polymers that spontaneously self-assemble in water can form spherical micelles. These micelles are typically used in drug delivery and gene therapeutics. Importantly, the generated emulsion during the process of polymers self-assembly could be crystallized under suitable conditions. The formed crystal structure can enhance the mechanisms of nanoparticle formation. In this study, levodopa-loaded crystallization nanoparticles (LD crystalsomes) were prepared by a mini-emulsion crystallization method. The LD crystalsomes exhibited a positive zeta potential, nanoscale range and longer releasing time for levodopa (LD)...
January 31, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Shigeo Takeda, Tomoki Nishimura, Kaori Umezaki, Akiko Kubo, Michiyo Yanase, Shin-Ichi Sawada, Yoshihiro Sasaki, Kazunari Akiyoshi
We report the combined enzymatic synthesis of five glucan dendrimers with control of molecular weight and particle size. Amphiphilic properties were introduced through dodecyl group substitution. A Tokyo-green fluorescence assay showed that amphiphilic glucan dendrimers were able to successfully deliver active β-galactosidase to cells.
January 31, 2019: Biomaterials Science
Yan Zhang, Keyu Tang, Bin Chen, Su Zhou, Nan Li, Chuwei Liu, Jianyong Yang, Run Lin, Tao Zhang, Weiling He
Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role in the cutaneous healing process and a topical supplement of NO is beneficial for wound repair. In this work, a novel polyethylenimine (PEI) based diazeniumdiolate nitric oxide donor was prepared. The obtained polymer (PEI-PO-NONOate) was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption spectra, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The PEI-PO-NONOate polymer was stable under anhydrous conditions at different temperatures. A total of 0...
January 31, 2019: Biomaterials Science
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