MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii: a challenging culprit in breast abscesses and granulomatous mastitis

Nidhi Saraiya, Marilou Corpuz
Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology 2019 April 2
30946032

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii is a difficult pathogen associated with granulomatous mastitis and recurrent breast abscesses. Despite over a dozen studies, there is no guidance on surgical interventions, steroid use, or dosing or duration of antibiotic treatment.

RECENT FINDINGS: Initially seen in predominantly Maori and Pacific Islander multiparous, postlactating women, C. kroppenstedtii breast infection has since been reported throughout the world, including in nulliparous women. Additionally, emerging data suggest that hyperprolactinemia is a modifiable risk factor for these infections. This article reviews a patient case and data from 87 other cases to compile current best practices for diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring, and provides areas for future study.

SUMMARY: In cases of granulomatous mastitis and breast abscess, especially if recurrent, infection with C. kroppenstedtii should be considered. Microbiologists should be alerted to the specialized growth conditions and tools needed for appropriate culturing, identification, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Clinicians should utilize a multimodal approach with surgical and antibiotic treatment to maximize clinical cure and reduce recurrence.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30946032
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"