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Role of maternal interleukin-8 (IL-8) in normal-term birth in the human

Vahid Ehsani, Maryam Mortazavi, Khodayar Ghorban, Maryam Dadmanesh, Reza Bahramabadi, Mohammad-Taghi Rezayati, Esmat Javadi-Moghadam, Zahra Rezaei, Zahra Sabzali, Iman Fatemi, Mahmood Sheikh Fathollahi, Mohammad Kazemi Arababadi
Reproduction, Fertility, and Development 2019 March 29
Cytokines are the main factors involved in the normal functions of the placenta and delivery process. The aim of this project was to compare serum levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-6, tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in term and prolonged-pregnancy mothers and their neonates. This study was performed on 240 participants including 60 term and prolonged-pregnancy neonates and their corresponding mothers. Serum levels of IL-8, IL-6, TNF-α and TGF-β were evaluated by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. The results revealed that IL-8 serum levels were significantly lower in the prolonged-pregnancy mothers and their neonates when compared with term mothers and their neonates. Data analysis also revealed a negative correlation between TGF-β and age of prolonged-pregnancy mothers. A poor positive correlation between IL-6 and head circumference of term neonates was also observed. IL-8 may play crucial roles in the process of on-time delivery and age may significantly affect TGF-β production in prolonged-pregnancy mothers. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, can also be considered as main factors involved in fetal growth.


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