OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Dominant C3 glomerulopathy: new roles for an old actor in renal pathology

Nicola Pirozzi, Antonella Stoppacciaro, Paolo Menè
Journal of Nephrology 2018, 31 (4): 503-510
29151252
Recently, a number of reports have described dominant C3 deposits in renal biopsies of patients with infection-related glomerulonephritis (GN). While acute post-infectious GN and membranoproliferative GN are commonly characterized by immune deposits containing C3 and/or C4, the absence of immunoglobulin (Ig) and/or immune complexes at light or electron microscopy is a rather unusual observation. Dominant C3 deposition is believed to result from the alternative pathway of complement activation via the C3bBb "tickover" convertase. The actual occurrence of C3 glomerulopathy could be underestimated, since infection-related GN often quickly subsides without the need for a renal biopsy. A more thorough understanding of the pathways that lead to complement assembly and deposition within the kidney is needed to support a new classification of complement-related lesions, including entities such as dense deposit disease, (atypical) hemolytic-uremic syndrome, dominant C1q, CFHR5, C4d, and C3 glomerulopathies. We will briefly review recent work in this area, focusing on GN with selective complement C3 deposits.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29151252
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"