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In vitro effect of clindamycin against Bacteroides and Parabacteroides isolates in Poland.

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were (i) to analyse strains of the genera Bacteroides and Parabacteroides isolated from clinical specimens for phenotypic resistance to clindamycin, (ii) to detect erm genes in the isolates and (iii) to determine any correlation between in vitro resistance and the presence of erm genes.

METHODS: The Bacteroides and Parabacteroides isolates analysed were obtained from patients hospitalised at teaching hospitals in Poland. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by Etest and the results were interpreted according to European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) guidelines. All isolates were analysed by PCR for the presence of the resistance genes ermF, ermB and ermG.

RESULTS: Resistance to clindamycin was detected in 31.0% (62/200) of all evaluated isolates, with the ermF and ermB genes detected in 31.0% (62/200) and 0.5% (1/200) of isolates, respectively. No isolates with ermG were detected among the evaluated strains. Pearson's test showed an almost perfect correlation between clindamycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and the presence of ermF in Bacteroides spp. and Parabacteroides distasonis isolates, although the ermF gene was also present in 10 clindamycin-susceptible isolates of Bacteroides spp.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a substantial proportion of Bacteroides (22.5-100% depending on the species) and 50.0% of Parabacteroides strains exhibiting resistance to clindamycin. The clindamycin MIC for resistant strains in each case was ≥256mg/L. Resistance to clindamycin in Bacteroides and Parabacteroides species is correlated mainly with the presence of the ermF gene.

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