Assessing Entrustable Professional Activities During the Psychiatry Clerkship

Martin Klapheke, Teresa Johnson, Morayma Cubero
Academic Psychiatry 2017, 41 (3): 345-349

OBJECTIVE: Within 10 years, the Association of American Medical Colleges envisions graduating medical students will be entrusted by their school to perform 13 core entrustable professional activities (EPAs) without direct supervision. The authors focused on eight EPAs that appear most relevant to clinical training during the psychiatry clerkship at their institution to evaluate whether students assess themselves as making progress in EPAs during this clerkship, to see how students' self-assessments compare with the clerkship director's assessments, and to see if weaknesses in the curriculum were found.

METHODS: An EPA-assessment scale was designed (ratings 1 to 5) to assess progress toward entrustment in each EPA. Medical students completed pre- and post-psychiatry clerkship self-assessments. The clerkship director independently assessed each student's progress in EPAs utilizing assessment methods already present in the curriculum.

RESULTS: Seventy of 116 students (60.3%) completed both pre- and post-clerkship self-assessments. These ratings increased significantly from pre- to post-clerkship, representing large effect sizes from 0.83 to 1.13. The largest mean rating increase was observed for EPA 2, Prioritize a differential diagnosis following a clinical encounter. Mean post-clerkship self-assessment ratings were significantly higher than mean post-clerkship instructor ratings for seven of the eight EPAs.

CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest training during the psychiatry clerkship can contribute to the professional development of medical students in the eight EPAs studied but that student self-assessments tend to be higher than those of the clerkship director. Further study is needed of the relative value and role of student self-assessments versus faculty assessments of progress in EPAs.

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