Long-term outcomes of a newly developed hybrid metal stent for EUS-guided biliary drainage (with videos)

Dong Hui Cho, Sang Soo Lee, Dongwook Oh, Tae Jun Song, Do Hyun Park, Dong Wan Seo, Sung Koo Lee, Myung-Hwan Kim
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2017, 85 (5): 1067-1075

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) have been commonly used for EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), FCSEMS migration is a main limitation of this procedure. In the present study we evaluated the technical and clinical success rates, adverse events, and long-term outcomes of a newly developed hybrid stent that has been customized for EUS-BD.

METHODS: From September 2011 to May 2015, 54 consecutive patients with biliary obstruction were enrolled in this prospective, observational study. These patients were candidates for alternative BD techniques because of failed ERCP. The hybrid metal stent used for EUS-BD in this study was partially covered, had anchoring flaps, and is commercially available in Korea.

RESULTS: EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) was performed in 21 patients and EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) in 33 patients. The technical and clinical success rates of EUS-BD were 100% (54/54) and 94.4% (51/54), respectively. Immediate adverse events developed after EUS-BD in 9 patients (16.6%; cholangitis in 3, bleeding in 2, self-limited pneumoperitoneum in 3, and abdominal pain in 1). Proximal or distal stent migration was not observed during the follow-up period (median, 148.5 days; IQR, 79.7-244), and the mean stent patency duration was 166.3 days and 329.1 days in the EUS-HGS and EUS-CDS groups, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: EUS-BD with the hybrid metal stent is technically feasible and can effectively treat biliary obstruction after failed ERCP. EUS-BD with the hybrid metal stent can reduce stent-related adverse events, especially stent migration.

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