Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Endocrine Practice 2015 December
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes (KPD) in Chinese patients with young-onset diabetes.

METHODS: A total of 238 young diabetic patients were recruited from our inpatient department from January 1, 2012, to December 28, 2014. KPD was defined as diabetes without precipitating illness and with the presence of ketosis or diabetic ketoacidosis in the absence of autoantibodies at the time of diagnosis. We reviewed the clinical characteristics and disease progression of this group of patients.

RESULTS: Eighteen patients fulfilled the criteria for KPD, and the prevalence of patients with KPD was 7.6%. The mean (SD) age of the KPD group at the time of diagnosis of diabetes was 27.6 (4.85) years, and these patients were predominantly male (male to female ratio, 8:1) and had a high proportion of obesity and new-onset diabetes and a strong family history of diabetes. β-Cell function in the KPD group was intermediate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Patients with KPD had the highest levels of glycated hemoglobin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and free fatty acids and the lowest levels of high-density lipoprotein. After 3 to 12 months of follow-up, 17 of 18 patients with KPD (94.4%) were able to discontinue insulin therapy, and 11 patients (61.1%) were managed with diet or exercise alone.

CONCLUSION: KPD patients accounted for 7.6% of the diabetic patients requiring admission to a large urban hospital in China, with an age of onset of diabetes of ≤35 years. These patients are more likely to be male, have abnormal lipid metabolism, and have more reversible β-cell dysfunction.

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