Anterior Septal Reconstruction for Treatment of Severe Caudal Septal Deviation: Clinical Severity and Outcomes

Josh Surowitz, Matthew K Lee, Sam P Most
Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery 2015, 153 (1): 27-33

OBJECTIVE: To report the long-term efficacy of a modified extracorporeal septoplasty technique in the treatment of anterocaudal septal deviations.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review.

SETTING: Academic tertiary care medical center.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained by a retrospective review of patients treated by a single surgeon (S.P.M.) from December 2010 to April 2014. A total of 77 patients (52 male, 25 female) met inclusion criteria. The Nasal Obstruction Septoplasty Effectiveness (NOSE) scale and a visual analog scale (VAS) were administered to all patients preoperatively and at each postoperative visit. Statistical analysis was performed using a matched-pair t test comparing preoperative and postoperative NOSE and VAS scores. A recently described severity scale for nasal obstruction was applied to NOSE scores to demonstrate postoperative results.

RESULTS: Average follow-up was 4.7 months. Average preoperative NOSE and VAS scores were 68.2 ± 17.4 and 7.2 ± 1.8, respectively, placing these patients in the "severe" symptoms classification. Average NOSE and VAS scores in the early postoperative period (1-3 months after surgery) were 21.1 ± 19.8 (P < .0001) and 2.1 ± 2.6 (P < .0001), respectively. Average NOSE and VAS scores in the late postoperative period (>3 months after surgery) were 15.8 ± 19.0 (P < .0001) and 1.4 ± 1.8 (P < .0001), respectively. Both early and late postoperative NOSE scores represented "mild" symptomatology.

CONCLUSIONS: Anterior septal reconstruction represents a powerful method for correction of nasal valve stenosis resulting from severe anterocaudal septal deviations.

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