journal
Journals Otolaryngology - Head and Neck...

Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38774957/association-between-intracochlear-electrode-design-and-electrically-evoked-compound-action-potential-measures-in-cochlear-implant-users
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jeong-Seo Kim, Sung Hwa Hong, Il Joon Moon
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implant (CI) electrode design has changed over time. Changes in intracochlear electrode design might influence the spread of neural activation along the auditory nerve and the number of independent channels. This study aimed to investigate the impact of intracochlear electrode design on the electrode-neuron interface using electrophysiological measures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A single tertiary hospital...
May 22, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769874/functional-oral-intake-in-primary-versus-salvage-laryngectomy
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anna C Lawrence, Sarah King, Bryan Renslo, Tuleen Sawaf, Omar Karadaghy, Shannon Kraft
OBJECTIVE: Advanced-stage laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma is treated with primary surgery or chemoradiation. We aim to determine if there are differences in postoperative functional oral intake in primary (PL) versus salvage laryngectomees (SL). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients who underwent laryngectomy between 2011 and 2021. METHODS: We examined demographic, diagnostic, treatment, and swallow function data pre- and postoperatively...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769872/the-use-of-chatbots-in-head-and-neck-mucosal-malignancy-treatment-recommendations
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caretia J Washington, Marianne Abouyared, Shama Karanth, Dejana Braithwaite, Andrew Birkeland, Dustin A Silverman, Si Chen
OBJECTIVE: As cancer patients increasingly use chatbots, it is crucial to recognize ChatGPT's potential in enhancing health literacy while ensuring validation to prevent misinformation. This study aims to assess ChatGPT-3.5's capability to provide appropriate staging and treatment recommendations for head and neck mucosal malignancies for vulnerable populations. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Forty distinct clinical vignettes were introduced into ChatGPT to inquire about staging and treatment recommendations for head and neck mucosal malignancies...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769871/post-traumatic-delayed-facial-nerve-palsy-report-of-2-cases-and-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Antonio Daloiso, Leonardo Franz, Tiziana Mondello, Chiara Pavone, Giacomo Spinato, Enzo Emanuelli, Diego Cazzador, Cosimo de Filippis, Elisabetta Zanoletti, Gino Marioni
OBJECTIVE: Delayed facial nerve palsy (dFNP) secondary to head injury is definitely uncommon. Although the mechanism of immediate facial nerve paralysis is well-studied, its delayed presentation remains debated. Given the dearth of available information, we reported herein our experience with 2 cases of posttraumatic dFNP. This systematic review aimed to evaluate all available information on dFNP and to assess treatment outcome also comparing conservatively and surgically approaches. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were systematically screened...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769869/comparing-video-head-impulse-testing-with-rotary-chair-in-pediatric-patients-a-controlled-trial
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guangwei Zhou, Alice Yun, Alicia Wang, Jacob R Brodsky
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of video head impulse testing (VHIT) in detecting vestibular loss in pediatric patients with abnormal rotary chair testing, compared to a control group with normal rotary chair testing. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Pediatric vestibular program at tertiary level children's hospital. METHODS: Patients 3 to 18 years of age were recruited to undergo VHIT and rotary chair testing between September 2015 and November 2022...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769863/over-the-counter-hearing-aids-are-they-safe-and-effective
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rema Shah, Sarah G Wilkins, Neelima Panth, Sidharth Tyagi, Hannah Dunn, Moira D Bell, Sophie Norgaard, Elizabeth Guyer, Nofrat Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: In 2022, the Food and Drug Administration established a new regulatory category for over-the-counter (OTC) hearing aids for mild to moderate hearing loss. Herein, we aim to better compare the safety and efficacy of these devices to that of prescription hearing aids. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative-effectiveness model. SETTING: Academic Audiology Center. METHODS: The safety and efficacy of prescription and OTC hearing aids was compared using the AudioScan Verifit 2 Testbox software...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769857/deep-learning-method-for-rapid-simultaneous-multistructure-temporal-bone-segmentation
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caio A Neves, Trishia El Chemaly, Fanrui Fu, Nikolas H Blevins
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a deep learning algorithm for the automated segmentation of key temporal bone structures from clinical computed tomography (CT) data sets. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 325 CT scans from a clinical database. METHOD: A state-of-the-art deep learning (DL) algorithm (SwinUNETR) was used to train a prediction model for rapid segmentation of 9 key temporal bone structures in a data set of 325 clinical CTs...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769856/improving-operating-room-efficiency-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Kalpesh Hathi, You Sung Jon Nam, James Fowler, Brad Dishan, Edward Madou, Leigh J Sowerby, S Danielle MacNeil, Anthony C Nichols, Julie E Strychowsky
OBJECTIVE: One minute of operating room (OR) time costs $36 to 37. However, ORs are notoriously inefficient. There is growing literature on improving OR efficiency, but no formal review of this topic within otolaryngology has been performed. This study reviews and synthesizes the current literature on improving OR efficiency within otolaryngology. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, preprints.org, and medRxiv were searched on November 4, 2022...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769854/evaluation-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-cochlear-nerve-absence-or-deficiency
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leyn B Shakhtour, Sophia Song, Nicklas C Orobello, Samuel Garrett, Tracey Ambrose, Hengameh K Behzadpour, Gilbert Vezina, Diego A Preciado, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between cochleovestibular anatomy findings and hearing outcomes found in children with imaging evidence of an absent or hypoplastic cochlear nerve treated with cochlear implantation (CI). STUDY DESIGN: retrospective review. SETTING: Cochlear implant program at tertiary care center. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed to identify children with imaging evidence of cochlear nerve absence or deficiency who underwent CI evaluation...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769852/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-stable-or-growing-vestibular-schwannoma-managed-by-wait-and-scan-or-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ineke M J Pruijn, Merve Parmaksiz, Jeroen B Verheul, Jef J S Mulder, Wietske Kievit, Henricus P M Kunst
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of wait and scan (W&S) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) over time in patients with a stable vestibular schwannoma (VS) and growing VS. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, multicenter, observational study. SETTING: Tertiary expert center for VS (Radboudumc Nijmegen) and Gamma-Knife center ETZ Hospital Tilburg. METHODS: Changes in HRQoL, measured with the Penn Acoustic Neuroma Quality-of-Life (PANQOL), and the physical and mental component summary scores (PCS and MCS, respectively) derived from the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), were compared among patients managed by W&S and SRS between 2017 and 2022...
May 20, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751109/the-use-of-artificial-intelligence-to-improve-readability-of-otolaryngology-patient-education-materials
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Evan A Patel, Lindsay Fleischer, Peter Filip, Michael Eggerstedt, Michael Hutz, Elias Michaelides, Pete S Batra, Bobby A Tajudeen
OBJECTIVE: The recommended readability of health education materials is at the sixth-grade level. Artificial intelligence (AI) large language models such as the newly released ChatGPT4 might facilitate the conversion of patient-education materials at scale. We sought to ascertain whether online otolaryngology education materials meet recommended reading levels and whether ChatGPT4 could rewrite these materials to the sixth-grade level. We also wished to ensure that converted materials were accurate and retained sufficient content...
May 15, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38751096/an-improved-staging-system-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-in-the-external-auditory-canal
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jing Wang, Feitian Li, Yisi Feng, Dedi Kong, Yibo Zhang, Chunfu Dai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define an improved staging system for adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) in the external auditory canal (EAC) based on biological behaviors, image findings, and the prognosis of patients with ACC in the EAC. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A single center data. METHODS: We performed a single-institution retrospective review of 154 patients with ACC in the EAC between January 2004 and September 2021...
May 15, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738928/how-variable-are-patient-comorbidity-profiles-among-practicing-otolaryngologists
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sina J Torabi, Ellen M Hong, Rahul A Patel, Theodore V Nguyen, Nolan A Huck, Pooya Khosravi, R Peter Manes, Edward C Kuan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether certain groups of otolaryngologists (ORLs) are treating cohorts of patients with more comorbidities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based analysis. SETTING: 2019 Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Dataset. METHODS: Each ORL's average Medicare hierarchical condition category (HCC) risk score, a comorbidity index calculated from a patient's comorbidities, was collected. These were stratified and compared by various physician characteristics, including practice region and rurality, years in practice, gender, subspecialty, and setting (academic vs community)...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738927/evaluation-of-hypocalcemia-following-total-laryngectomy-with-and-without-thyroidectomy
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hänel W Eberly, Bao Y Sciscent, F Jeffrey Lorenz, Nguyen Truong, Tonya S King, David Goldenberg, Neerav Goyal
OBJECTIVE: Hypoparathyroidism and associated hypocalcemia are well-established complications following laryngectomy. This study further characterizes the rates of hypocalcemia in patients undergoing total laryngectomy (TL) with and without thyroidectomy and hemithyroidectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: TriNetX. METHODS: We queried TriNetX, a deidentified patient database, to identify patients who underwent TL with and without thyroidectomy and hemithyroidectomy...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738918/a-comparison-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-findings-in-infants-and-toddlers
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alison C Ma, Mattie Rosi-Schumacher, Lauren A DiNardo, Alexandra F Corbin, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To compare patterns of obstruction in infants and toddlers with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by analyzing drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) examinations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: An academic tertiary care pediatric hospital at a single institution. METHODS: Children aged ≤3 years who underwent DISE with propofol titration from 2020 to 2022 were included in the study. Data extracted included age, body mass index, comorbidities, and polysomnography parameters...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738916/hearing-loss-and-reduced-income-growth-a-longitudinal-socioeconomic-analysis
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael W Denham, Lauren H Tucker, Prakash Gorroochurn, Justin S Golub
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss (HL) has been linked to negative socioeconomic states, including low income. This study examines the relationship between HL and income growth. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. SETTING: Multicentered US epidemiologic study (Hispanic Community Health Study, HCHS). METHODS: Using data from 2 waves of the HCHS, we analyzed the association between HL and income growth in adults ages 18 to 74 years using generalized estimating equations...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738913/postoperative-cosmetic-scores-and-revision-rates-after-nasal-mohs-reconstructive-surgery
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rahul K Sharma, Nicole G DeSisto, Elizabeth S Longino, Scott J Stephan, Priyesh N Patel, Shiayin F Yang
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the impact of preoperative and surgical factors on the change in cosmetic survey scores after nasal Mohs reconstruction using a subset of the 10-item Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey-Cosmesis (SCHNOS-C). We aim to determine preoperative and surgical factors that impact cosmetic outcomes following Mohs nasal reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Nasal Mohs reconstruction patients at a tertiary medical center...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738912/clinical-portrait-of-cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-charge-syndrome
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bokhyun Song, Kyuhyeon Hwang, Sung Min Koh, Il Joon Moon, Young Sang Cho
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical characteristics and auditory performance of patients with CHARGE syndrome following cochlear implantation (CI), as well as the prognostic factors affecting auditory outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in patients with CHARGE syndrome who underwent CI from 2007 to 2022. The category of auditory performance (CAP) score was used to assess the CI outcomes, and factors that may affect the speech outcomes were also evaluated...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738887/a-scoping-review-of-artificial-intelligence-detection-of-voice-pathology-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
REVIEW
George S Liu, Nedeljko Jovanovic, C Kwang Sung, Philip C Doyle
OBJECTIVE: Survey the current literature on artificial intelligence (AI) applications for detecting and classifying vocal pathology using voice recordings, and identify challenges and opportunities for advancing the field forward. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines...
May 13, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38716795/revision-cochlear-implantation-with-device-manufacturer-conversion-surgical-outcomes-and-speech-perception-performance
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yifat Yaar-Soffer, Yisgav Shapira, Doron Sagiv, Ziva Yakir, Amit Wolfovitz, Yael Henkin
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical profile of revision cochlear implantation (RCI) cases involving device manufacturer conversion (RCImc+ ), compare them to cases without manufacturer conversion (RCImc- ), and classify the reasons for manufacturer conversion (MC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. METHODS: Data on demographics, RCI indications, medical background, surgical details, and the reasons for MC were collected for all RCIs from 1989 to 2020...
May 8, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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