Specific aptamer-conjugated mesoporous silica-carbon nanoparticles for HER2-targeted chemo-photothermal combined therapy

Kaiyuan Wang, Hui Yao, Ying Meng, Yi Wang, Xueying Yan, Rongqin Huang
Acta Biomaterialia 2015, 16: 196-205
Tumor-specific therapeutic platforms designed for combined tumor therapy has recently received wide attention. In this work, a new HB5 aptamer-functionalized mesoporous silica-carbon based doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded system (MSCN-PEG-HB5/DOX) was successfully constructed and characterized for chemo-photothermal combined therapy of human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer cells. The in vitro release result showed that MSCN-PEG-HB5/DOX exhibited pH-sensitive and NIR-triggered release manner. HB5-modified nanoparticles showed significant higher cellular uptake in HER2-positive breast cancer cells (SK-BR-3) but not in normal breast epithelial cells (MCF-10A), compared to unmodified counterparts. The intracellular uptake of functional nanoparticles was mainly based on the receptor-mediated mechanism which was energy-dependent. Cytotoxicity experiments demonstrated that combined therapy induced highest cell killing effect compared to chemotherapy and photothermal therapy alone. The combination index (CI) was 0.253 indicating the synergistic effect of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy. These findings suggested that MSCN-PEG-HB5/DOX was a potential chemo-photothermal therapeutic platform targeting to HER2-positive breast cancers.

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