Prognostic value of SUVmax and metabolic tumor volume on 18F-FDG PET/CT in early stage non-small cell lung cancer patients without LN metastasis

Ie Ryung Yoo, Soo Kyo Chung, Hye Lim Park, Woo Hee Choi, Young Kyoon Kim, Kyo Young Lee, Young-Pil Wang
Bio-medical Materials and Engineering 2014, 24 (6): 3091-103
This paper aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of the primary tumor on (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan in early stage non-small cell cancer (NSCLC) patients without lymph node (LN) metastasis. In the experiment, eighty NSCLC patients pathologically staged as T1N0 or T2N0 were included (M:F=50:30; mean age, 64.8 years). All patients had preoperative (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan and curative surgery. FDG uptake in the primary tumor was measured by SUVmax and MTV with various SUV threshold values. SUVmax, MTV of the primary tumor, age, tumor size, histology and differentiation grade were analyzed for association with disease-free survival (DFS). The experimental results showed that the histology types included adenocarcinoma (n=58), squamous cell carcinoma (n=20), and others (n=2); Twenty-two (27.5%) of the 80 patients had a recurrence during follow-up at a median time of 29.1 months; The median SUVmax was 5.26, and the median MTV2.5 was 2.2 cm(3). Univariate analysis showed higher SUVmax (>4), greater MTV (MTV2.5 >4 cm(3)), and non-squamous histology were significantly associated with shorter period DFS (p=0.001, p=0.030 and p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, higher SUVmax (p=0.004) and adenocarcinoma histology (p=0.005) were associated with shorter DFS. Therefore, high SUVmax (>4) of the primary tumor on preoperative (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan is an independent prognostic factor of shorter DFS in early stage of NSCLC.

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