JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dapper1 promotes autophagy by enhancing the Beclin1-Vps34-Atg14L complex formation

Benyu Ma, Weipeng Cao, Wenxia Li, Chan Gao, Zhen Qi, Yan Zhao, Jun Du, Hua Xue, Junya Peng, Jun Wen, Hua Chen, Yuanheng Ning, Lei Huang, Hong Zhang, Xiang Gao, Li Yu, Ye-Guang Chen
Cell Research 2014, 24 (8): 912-24
24980960
Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process to clear up aggregated proteins or aged and damaged organelles. The Beclin1-Vps34-Atg14L complex is essential for autophagosome formation. However, how the complex formation is regulated is unclear. Here, we show that Dapper1 (Dpr1) acts as a critical regulator of the Beclin1-Vps34-Atg14L complex to promote autophagy. Dpr1 ablation in the central nervous system results in motor coordination defect and accumulation of p62 and ubiquitinated proteins. Dpr1 increases autophagosome formation as indicated by elevated puncta formation of LC3, Atg14L and DFCP1 (Double FYVE-containing protein 1). Conversely, loss of Dpr1 impairs LC3 lipidation and causes p62/SQSTM1 accumulation. Dpr1 directly interacts with Beclin1 and Atg14L and enhances the Beclin1-Vps34 interaction and Vps34 activity. Together, our findings suggest that Dpr1 enhances the Atg14L-Beclin1-Vps34 complex formation to drive autophagy.

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