Dipeptidyl petidase-IV inhibitor (gemigliptin) inhibits tunicamycin-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress, apoptosis and inflammation in H9c2 cardiomyocytes

Hwan-Jin Hwang, Tae Woo Jung, Ja Young Ryu, Ho Cheol Hong, Hae Yoon Choi, Ji A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Dong Seop Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Hye Jin Yoo
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 2014 July 5, 392 (1-2): 1-7
The direct effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis and inflammation in cardiomyocytes have not been elucidated. H9c2 cell viability, which was reduced by tunicamycin, was increased after DPP-IV inhibitor gemigliptin treatment. Gemigliptin significantly decreased the tunicamycin-mediated increase in glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78) expression and ER stress-mediated signaling molecules such as protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)/C-EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-p38. Furthermore, gemigliptin effectively induced Akt phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner. Using flow cytometry and Hoechst staining, we showed that treatment with Akt inhibitor significantly blocked the anti-apoptotic effects mediated by gemigliptin. The reduction in tunicamycin-induced GRP78 level and PERK/CHOP pathway activity by gemigliptin was reversed after treatment with Akt inhibitor. In conclusion, gemigliptin effectively inhibited ER stress-induced apoptosis and inflammation in cardiomyocytes via Akt/PERK/CHOP and IRE1α/JNK-p38 pathways, suggesting its direct protective role in cardiovascular diseases.

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