High left atrial pressures are associated with advanced electroanatomical remodeling of left atrium and independent predictors for clinical recurrence of atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation

Junbeom Park, Boyoung Joung, Jae-Sun Uhm, Chi Young Shim, Chun Hwang, Moon Hyoung Lee, Hui-Nam Pak
Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society 2014, 11 (6): 953-60

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of left atrial pressure (LAP) has not yet been clearly elucidated in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of elevated LAP on pathophysiology and clinical outcome after radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with AF.

METHODS: We measured LAP during both sinus rhythm (SR) and AF in 454 patients 348 (76.7%) men; mean age 58 ± 11 years; 326(71.8%) paroxysmal AF) who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation and compared LAP at v wave (LAPpeak) and LAP at y descent (LAPnadir) by using imaging (echocardiography and computed tomography), electrophysiologic mapping (NavX), and clinical data. In 280 (61.7%) patients, pulmonary vein (PV) diastolic flow velocity was measured during SR by transesophageal echocardiography.

RESULTS: Patients with LAPpeak(SR) ≥19 mm Hg had greater left atrial (LA) dimension (P < .001), LA volume index (P = .003), and E/Em (mitral annular septal area [peak diastolic velocity]; P = .001) but reduced LA voltage (P < .001) and mitral annular septal area (peak systolic velocity; P = .006) compared with patients with LAPpeak(SR) <19 mm Hg. High LAPpeak(SR) was independently associated with anterior LA volume (linear regression coefficient [B] = 0.381; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.169-0.593; P < .001) and low LA voltage (B = -0.022; 95% CI -0.030 to -0.013; P < .001). PV diastolic flow velocity (B = 0.161; 95% CI 0.083-0.239; P < .001) and E/Em (B = 0.430; 95% CI 0.096-0.763; P = .012) were independent, noninvasive parameters associated with high LApeak(SR). During 13.1 ± 6.0 months of follow-up, high LAPpeak(SR) was an independent predictor for clinical recurrence of AF (hazard ratio 1.887; 95% CI 1.063-3.350; P = .028).

CONCLUSION: Elevated LAP was closely associated with electroanatomical remodeling of the LA and was an independent predictor for recurrence after AF ablation. PV diastolic flow velocity and E/Em can be used as a noninvasive parameter predicting high LAPpeak(SR) in patients with AF.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"